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Provedor de dados:  AgEcon
País:  United States
Título:  Why market institutions disfavor smallholder farmers’ compliance with international food safety standards: Evidence from Kenya, Zambia and Ethiopia
Autores:  Okello, Julius Juma
Narrod, Clare A.
Roy, Devesh
Data:  2009-07-03
Ano:  2009
Palavras-chave:  Smallholder farmers
International food safety standards
Critical control points
Green beans
Health Economics and Policy
International Development
Resumo:  This paper examines the high value chains (HVC) for green bean exports from Africa to identify the critical points at which exporters exercise great caution in preventing produce contamination with pathogens and pesticide residues. It then examines the control points that pose greatest threat to continued participation of smallholder farmers in the HVC and discusses the strategies African countries have used to maintain smallholder farmers in the green bean HVC. The paper identifies six critical control points. Among these, smallholders are most threatened with exclusion from HVC at two control points. At those points the farmer must make costly lumpy investments to meet the standards. To overcome the likelihood of smallholders being excluded from HVC at these points study countries have used non market institutions namely collective action and public-private partnerships. These findings imply that the market itself could adopt solutions that exclude smallholder farmers at these most challenging critical control points.
Tipo:  Conference Paper or Presentation
Idioma:  Inglês
Relação:  International Association of Agricultural Economists>2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China
Contributed Paper
Formato:  22

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