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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  A re-examination of matrix effects in the segmented-flow analysis of nutrients in sea and estuarine water
Autores:  Coverly, Stephen
Kerouel, Roger
Aminot, Alain
Data:  2012-01
Ano:  2012
Palavras-chave:  Nutrient
Estuarine water
Segmented-flow analysis
Matrix effects
Resumo:  Modern instruments together with the use of standard reference materials have improved the accuracy and long-term reproducibility of the analysis of nutrients (ammonium, nitrate, nitrite, phosphate and silicate) in sea water using segmented-flow analysis, so that errors arising from matrix effects become more significant. Colorimetric detectors with bubble-through flowcells have become widely used for seawater analysis in recent years and their associated matrix effects are described. A re-examination of all categories of matrix effects, whose main origin is salinity, was thus undertaken to assess how much they are liable to alter the data. Interferences were classified into four types, each of which was examined in order to show its influence on the measurements. We discuss how matrix effects can be identified, quantified, reduced and corrected. Chemistry and instrument design play a major role in some matrix effects and recommendations are given to minimise these or make them easier to correct. In particular, the correction for chemical salt effects is revisited for the general case and new, simplified procedures are proposed for its computation. A semi-automated procedure is proposed for measuring and correcting sample and refractive index blanks.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Elsevier Science Bv
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Analytica Chimica Acta (0003-2670) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2012-01 , Vol. 712 , P. 94-100
Direitos:  2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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