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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Toward the Integrated Marine Debris Observing System
Autores:  Maximenko, Nikolai
Corradi, Paolo
Law, Kara Lavender
Van Sebille, Erik
Garaba, Shungudzemwoyo P.
Lampitt, Richard Stephen
Galgani, Francois
Martinez-vicente, Victor
Goddijn-murphy, Lonneke
Veiga, Joana Mira
Thompson, Richard C.
Maes, Christophe
Moller, Delwyn
Löscher, Carolin Regina
Addamo, Anna Maria
Lamson, Megan R.
Centurioni, Luca R.
Posth, Nicole R.
Lumpkin, Rick
Vinci, Matteo
Martins, Ana Maria
Pieper, Catharina Diogo
Isobe, Atsuhiko
Hanke, Georg
Edwards, Margo
Chubarenko, Irina P.
Rodriguez, Ernesto
Aliani, Stefano
Arias, Manuel
Asner, Gregory P.
Brosich, Alberto
Carlton, James T.
Chao, Yi
Cook, Anna-marie
Cundy, Andrew B.
Galloway, Tamara S.
Giorgetti, Alessandra
Goni, Gustavo Jorge
Guichoux, Yann
Haram, Linsey E.
Hardesty, Britta Denise
Holdsworth, Neil
Lebreton, Laurent
Leslie, Heather A.
Macadam-somer, Ilan
Mace, Thomas
Manuel, Mark
Marsh, Robert
Martinez, Elodie
Mayor, Daniel J.
Le Moigne, Morgan
Molina Jack, Maria Eugenia
Mowlem, Matt Charles
Obbard, Rachel W.
Pabortsava, Katsiaryna
Robberson, Bill
Rotaru, Amelia-elena
Ruiz, Gregory M.
Spedicato, Maria Teresa
Thiel, Martin
Turra, Alexander
Wilcox, Chris
Data:  2019-08
Ano:  2019
Palavras-chave:  Plastics
Marine debris
Sensor development
Observing network
Maritime safety
Resumo:  Plastics and other artificial materials pose new risks to the health of the ocean. Anthropogenic debris travels across large distances and is ubiquitous in the water and on shorelines, yet, observations of its sources, composition, pathways, and distributions in the ocean are very sparse and inaccurate. Total amounts of plastics and other man-made debris in the ocean and on the shore, temporal trends in these amounts under exponentially increasing production, as well as degradation processes, vertical fluxes, and time scales are largely unknown. Present ocean circulation models are not able to accurately simulate drift of debris because of its complex hydrodynamics. In this paper we discuss the structure of the future integrated marine debris observing system (IMDOS) that is required to provide long-term monitoring of the state of this anthropogenic pollution and support operational activities to mitigate impacts on the ecosystem and on the safety of maritime activity. The proposed observing system integrates remote sensing and in situ observations. Also, models are used to optimize the design of the system and, in turn, they will be gradually improved using the products of the system. Remote sensing technologies will provide spatially coherent coverage and consistent surveying time series at local to global scale. Optical sensors, including high-resolution imaging, multi- and hyperspectral, fluorescence, and Raman technologies, as well as SAR will be used to measure different types of debris. They will be implemented in a variety of platforms, from hand-held tools to ship-, buoy-, aircraft-, and satellite-based sensors. A network of in situ observations, including reports from volunteers, citizen scientists and ships of opportunity, will be developed to provide data for calibration/validation of remote sensors and to monitor the spread of plastic pollution and other marine debris. IMDOS will interact with other observing systems monitoring physical, chemical, and biological processes in the ocean and on shorelines as well as the state of the ecosystem, maritime activities and safety, drift of sea ice, etc. The synthesized data will support innovative multi-disciplinary research and serve a diverse community of users.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Frontiers Media SA
Relação:  info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/715386/EU//TOPIOS
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Frontiers In Marine Science (2296-7745) (Frontiers Media SA), 2019-08 , Vol. 6 , N. 447 , P. 25p.
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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