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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Global change and climate-driven invasion of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) along European coasts: a bioenergetics modelling approach
Autores:  Thomas, Yoann
Pouvreau, Stephane
Alunno-bruscia, Marianne
Barille, Laurent
Gohin, Francis
Bryere, Philippe
Gernez, Pierre
Data:  2016-03
Ano:  2016
Palavras-chave:  Biogeographical range expansion
Crassostrea gigas
DEB model
European coasts
Functional traits
Global change
Individual-based model
Invasive species
Resumo:  Aim The spread of non-indigenous species in marine ecosystems world-wide is one of today's most serious environmental concerns. Using mechanistic modelling, we investigated how global change relates to the invasion of European coasts by a non-native marine invertebrate, the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. Location Bourgneuf Bay on the French Atlantic coast was considered as the northern boundary of C. gigas expansion at the time of its introduction to Europe in the 1970s. From this latitudinal reference, variations in the spatial distribution of the C. gigas reproductive niche were analysed along the north-western European coast from Gibraltar to Norway. Methods The effects of environmental variations on C. gigas physiology and phenology were studied using a bioenergetics model based on Dynamic Energy Budget theory. The model was forced with environmental time series including in situ phytoplankton data, and satellite data of sea surface temperature and suspended particulate matter concentration. Results Simulation outputs were successfully validated against in situ oyster growth data. In Bourgneuf Bay, the rise in seawater temperature and phytoplankton concentration has increased C. gigas reproductive effort and led to precocious spawning periods since the 1960s. At the European scale, seawater temperature increase caused a drastic northward shift (1400 km within 30 years) in the C. gigas reproductive niche and optimal thermal conditions for early life stage development. Main conclusions We demonstrated that the poleward expansion of the invasive species C. gigas is related to global warming and increase in phytoplankton abundance. The combination of mechanistic bioenergetics modelling with in situ and satellite environmental data is a valuable framework for ecosystem studies. It offers a generic approach to analyse historical geographical shifts and to predict the biogeographical changes expected to occur in a climate-changing world.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Wiley-blackwell
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Journal Of Biogeography (0305-0270) (Wiley-blackwell), 2016-03 , Vol. 43 , N. 3 , P. 568-579
Direitos:  2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd


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