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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Calibration of the carbon isotope composition (C-13) of benthic foraminifera
Autores:  Schmittner, Andreas
Bostock, Helen C.
Cartapanis, Olivier
Curry, William B.
Filipsson, Helena L.
Galbraith, Eric D.
Gottschalk, Julia
Carlos Herguera, Juan
Hoogakker, Babette
Jaccard, Samuel L.
Lisiecki, Lorraine E.
Lund, David C.
Martinez-mendez, Gema
Lynch-stieglitz, Jean
Mackensen, Andreas
Michel, Elisabeth
Mix, Alan C.
Oppo, Delia W.
Peterson, Carlye D.
Repschlaeger, Janne
Sikes, Elisabeth L.
Spero, Howard J.
Waelbroeck, Claire
Data:  2017-06
Ano:  2017
Palavras-chave:  Carbon
Resumo:  The carbon isotope composition (C-13) of seawater provides valuable insight on ocean circulation, air-sea exchange, the biological pump, and the global carbon cycle and is reflected by the C-13 of foraminifera tests. Here more than 1700 C-13 observations of the benthic foraminifera genus Cibicides from late Holocene sediments (C-13(Cibnat)) are compiled and compared with newly updated estimates of the natural (preindustrial) water column C-13 of dissolved inorganic carbon (C-13(DICnat)) as part of the international Ocean Circulation and Carbon Cycling (OC3) project. Using selection criteria based on the spatial distance between samples, we find high correlation between C-13(Cibnat) and C-13(DICnat), confirming earlier work. Regression analyses indicate significant carbonate ion (-2.60.4)x10(-3)/(molkg(-1)) [CO32-] and pressure (-4.91.7)x10(-5)m(-1) (depth) effects, which we use to propose a new global calibration for predicting C-13(DICnat) from C-13(Cibnat). This calibration is shown to remove some systematic regional biases and decrease errors compared with the one-to-one relationship (C-13(DICnat)=C-13(Cibnat)). However, these effects and the error reductions are relatively small, which suggests that most conclusions from previous studies using a one-to-one relationship remain robust. The remaining standard error of the regression is generally sigma 0.25 parts per thousand, with larger values found in the southeast Atlantic and Antarctic (sigma 0.4 parts per thousand) and for species other than Cibicides wuellerstorfi. Discussion of species effects and possible sources of the remaining errors may aid future attempts to improve the use of the benthic C-13 record.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Amer Geophysical Union
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Paleoceanography (0883-8305) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2017-06 , Vol. 32 , N. 6 , P. 512-530
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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