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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Responses of Two Scleractinian Corals to Cobalt Pollution and Ocean Acidification
Autores:  Biscere, Tom
Rodolfo-metalpa, Riccardo
Lorrain, Anne
Chauvaud, Laurent
Thebault, Julien
Clavier, Jacques
Houlbreque, Fanny
Data:  2015-04
Ano:  2015
Resumo:  The effects of ocean acidification alone or in combination with warming on coral metabolism have been extensively investigated, whereas none of these studies consider that most coral reefs near shore are already impacted by other natural anthropogenic inputs such as metal pollution. It is likely that projected ocean acidification levels will aggravate coral reef health. We first investigated how ocean acidification interacts with one near shore locally abundant metal on the physiology of two major reef-building corals: Stylophora pistillata and Acropora muricata. Two pH levels (pH(T) 8.02; pCO(2) 366 mu atm and pH(T) 7.75; pCO(2) 1140 mu atm) and two cobalt concentrations (natural, 0.03 mu g L-1 and polluted, 0.2 mu g L-1) were tested during five weeks in aquaria. We found that, for both species, cobalt input decreased significantly their growth rates by 28% while it stimulated their photosystem II, with higher values of rETR(max) (relative Electron Transport Rate). Elevated pCO(2) levels acted differently on the coral rETR(max) values and did not affect their growth rates. No consistent interaction was found between pCO(2) levels and cobalt concentrations. We also measured in situ the effect of higher cobalt concentrations (1.06 +/- 0.16 mu g L-1) on A. muricata using benthic chamber experiments. At this elevated concentration, cobalt decreased simultaneously coral growth and photosynthetic rates, indicating that the toxic threshold for this pollutant has been reached for both host cells and zooxanthellae. Our results from both aquaria and in situ experiments, suggest that these coral species are not particularly sensitive to high pCO(2) conditions but they are to ecologically relevant cobalt concentrations. Our study reveals that some reefs may be yet subjected to deleterious pollution levels, and even if no interaction between pCO(2) levels and cobalt concentration has been found, it is likely that coral metabolism will be weakened if they are subjected to additional threats such as temperature increase, other heavy metals, and eutrophication.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Public Library Science
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Plos One (1932-6203) (Public Library Science), 2015-04 , Vol. 10 , N. 4 , P. e0122898
Direitos:  2015 Biscéré et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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