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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Dietary lipid level, hepatic lipogenesis and flesh quality in turbot (Psetta maxima)
Autores:  Regost, Christelle
Arzel, Jacqueline
Cardinal, Mireille
Robin, Jean
Laroche, M
Kaushik, Sadasivam
Data:  2001-02
Ano:  2001
Palavras-chave:  Flesh quality
Fat deposition
Dietary lipids
Psetta maxima
Resumo:  A study was undertaken with marketable size turbot to evaluate the effects of dietary fat levels on chemical composition. lipogenesis and flesh quality, Four experimental diets containing graded levels of fish oil in order to obtain 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% of crude fat were fed to triplicate groups of turbot (initial body weight of 660 g) for 12 weeks in full strength seawater at temperature of 17 degreesC. Nutrient digestibility was not influenced by dietary fat levels. The best growth performance was observed in fish fed 10% and 15% dietary fat. High dietary lipid levels led to higher fat deposition in whole fish, although lipid level in muscle remained low (1.1% in dorsal muscle and 1.7% in ventral muscle irrespective of diet), Significant subcutaneous fat accumulation was detected in turbot. No protein sparing effect by lipid was observed in turbot fed high dietary fat. Hepatic lipogenic enzymes (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, G6PD; malic enzyme, ME and acetyl CoA carboxylase) did not show any dear change in activity in response to dietary fat content. With regards to quality parameters, there were no differences in gutted and fillet yields among treatments. Sensory analyses of dorsal fillets indicated only a difference in exudation (corresponding to loss of water) and whiteness within treatments in accordance with instrumental colour analyses and on ventral fillets, only a difference of sweet flavour was observed. No differences in hardness were detected by either instrumental texture analysis or sensory analysis. In conclusion, although high dietary lipid levels affected growth and whole body composition of turbot adversely they induced very few alterations in flesh quality.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Elsevier
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Aquaculture (0044-8486) (Elsevier), 2001-02 , Vol. 193 , N. 3-4 , P. 291-309
Direitos:  2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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