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Provedor de dados:  55
País:  Brazil
Título:  Rapid diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia using the Bac T/ alert 3D system
Autores:  Capoor,Malini R.
Nair,Deepthi
Aggarwal,Pushpa
Gupta,B.
Data:  2006-10-01
Ano:  2006
Palavras-chave:  Community-acquired pneumonia
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Cefepime
Resumo:  We compared BacT/Alert 3D with conventional culture for the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of the isolates was performed with the disk diffusion method, and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was calculated. Automation was superior in terms of recovery and time to detect pathogens. The bacterial spectrum in CAP was Streptococcus pneumoniae (35.3%) Staphylococcus aureus (23.5%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (20.5%) and Haemophilus influenzae (8.8%). Three of the 12 S. pneumoniae isolates showed penicillin resistance on MIC and two showed erythromycin resistance. There were two H. influenzae strains resistant to penicillin; these were beta lactamase producers. One-fourth of the S. aureus were oxacillin resistant. All isolates were sensitive to cefepime by disc diffusion and MIC methods. In the treatment of CAP, cefotaxime and cefepime are useful drugs when given as empirical therapy against multidrug resistant strains. The use of automation is vital in CAP, as rapid diagnosis and effective therapy can reduce mortality.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702006000500010
Editor:  Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Relação:  10.1590/S1413-86702006000500010
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases v.10 n.5 2006
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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