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Provedor de dados:  BJMBR
País:  Brazil
Título:  High baseline serum total and LDL cholesterol levels are associated with MDR1 haplotypes in Brazilian hypercholesterolemic individuals of European descent
Autores:  Rodrigues,A.C.
Data:  2005-09-01
Ano:  2005
Palavras-chave:  MDR1 gene
Single nucleotide polymorphism
Resumo:  The MDR1 gene encodes the P-glycoprotein, an efflux transporter with broad substrate specificity. P-glycoprotein has raised great interest in pharmacogenetics because it transports a variety of structurally divergent drugs, including lipid-lowering drugs. The synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphism C3435T and the nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphism G2677T/A in MDR1 have been indicated as potential determinants of variability in drug disposition and efficacy. In order to evaluate the effect of G2677T/A and C3435T MDR1 polymorphisms on serum levels of lipids before and after atorvastatin administration, 69 unrelated hypercholesterolemic individuals from São Paulo city, Brazil, were selected and treated with 10 mg atorvastatin orally once daily for four weeks. MDR1 polymorphisms were analyzed by PCR-RFLP. C3435T and G2677T polymorphisms were found to be linked. The allelic frequencies for C3435T polymorphism were 0.536 and 0.464 for the 3435C and 3435T alleles, respectively, while for G2677T/A polymorphism allele frequencies were 0.580 for the 2677G allele, 0.384 for the 2677T allele and 0.036 for the 2677A allele. There was no significant relation between atorvastatin response and MDR1 polymorphisms (repeated measures ANOVA; P > 0.05). However, haplotype analysis revealed an association between T/T carriers and higher basal serum total (TC) and LDL cholesterol levels (TC: 303 ± 56, LDL-C: 216 ± 57 mg/dl, respectively) compared with non-T/T carriers (TC: 278 ± 28, LDL-C: 189 ± 24 mg/dl; repeated measures ANOVA/Tukey test; P < 0.05). These data indicate that MDR1 polymorphism may have an important contribution to the control of basal serum cholesterol levels in Brazilian hypercholesterolemic individuals of European descent.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-879X2005000900014
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research v.38 n.9 2005
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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