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Provedor de dados:  REA
País:  Brazil
Título:  Impact of different light sources on broiler rearing environment
Autores:  Lima,Karla A. O.
Nääs,Irenilza de A.
Garcia,Rodrigo G.
Caldara,Fabiana R.
Data:  2014-06-01
Ano:  2014
Palavras-chave:  Poultry industry
Gas concentration
Resumo:  Broiler production is highly dependent on the use of artificial light. The light source may affect the effectiveness of housing conditions due to increasing ambient temperature and concentration of noxious gases. This research aimed to evaluate the effects of different bulb types on the thermal, aerial, and acoustic environment of broiler aviaries. The experiment was carried out at a commercial broiler farm in Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Three aviaries were used, and two flocks of male broilers from Cobb® genetic strain were reared from the first day to slaughter. Each aviary was equipped with a different light source, comprising the adopted treatments (A1 - incandescent light bulb, control; A2 - sodium vapor light bulb; A3 - fluorescent light bulb). The aviaries were divided into nine quadrants, and the environmental data (ambient dry bulb temperature and relative humidity), litter surface temperature, CO2 and NH3 concentrations, and bird sound pressure behavior were recorded in each quadrant. The aviary with incandescent light presented higher air and litter temperatures, and concentration of gases than the other tested alternatives. It also presented higher level of sound pressure in the second week of the growing period; however, from this period up to slaughter, there was no effect of the light source on the results of broiler sound pressure level.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Associação Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-69162014000300006
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Engenharia Agrícola v.34 n.3 2014
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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