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Provedor de dados:  Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
País:  Brazil
Título:  Multivariate analysis applied to the study of the relationship between soil and plant properties in a peach orchard
Autores:  Terra,Viviane Santos Silva
Valgas,Ricardo Alexandre
Reisser Júnior,Carlos
Timm,Luis Carlos
Pereira,José Francisco Martins
Carvalho,Flávio Luiz Carpena
Data:  2014-06-01
Ano:  2014
Palavras-chave:  Prunus persica
Canonical correlation
Soil physical properties
Resumo:  In the State of Rio Grande do Sul, the municipality of Pelotas is responsible for 90 % of peach production due to its suitable climate and soil conditions. However, there is the need for new studies that aim at improved fruit quality and increased yield. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship that exists between soil physical properties and properties in the peach plant in the years 2010 and 2011 by the technique of multivariate canonical correlation. The experiment was conducted in a peach orchard located in the municipality of Morro Redondo, RS, Brazil, where an experimental grid of 101 plants was established. In a trench dug beside each one of the 101 plants, soil samples were collected to determine silt, clay, and sand contents, soil density, total porosity, macroporosity, microporosity, and volumetric water content in the 0.00-0.10 and 0.10-0.20 m layers, as well as the depth of the A horizon. In each plant and in each year, the following properties were assessed: trunk diameter, fruit size and number of fruits per plant, average weight of the fruit per plant, fruit pulp firmness, Brix content, and yield from the orchard. Exploratory analysis of the data was undertaken by descriptive statistics, and the relationships between the physical properties of the soil and of the plant were assessed by canonical correlation analysis. The results showed that the clay and microporosity variables were those that exhibited the highest coefficients of canonical cross-loading with the plant properties in the soil layers assessed, and that the variable of mean weight of the fruit per plant was that which had the highest coefficients of canonical loading within the plant group for the two years assessed.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-06832014000300007
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo v.38 n.3 2014
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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