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Provedor de dados:  R. Bras. Zootec.
País:  Brazil
Título:  A note on the distribution of genetic diversity of Anglo-Nubian goats in central-northern farms of Piauí, Brazil
Autores:  Silvestre,Ellida de Aguiar
Costa,Márcio da Silva
Silva,Pollyana Oliveira da
Bajay,Miklos Maximiliano
Pinheiro,José Baldin
Zucchi,Maria Imaculada
Campelo,José Elivalto Guimarães
Britto,Fábio Barros
Data:  2015-04-01
Ano:  2015
Palavras-chave:  Endogamy
Genetic structure
Molecular markers
Resumo:  The objective of this study was to characterize the genetic variability of Anglo-Nubian goats using microsatellite markers. The study was conducted using herds from four municipalities of Central-Northern Piauí (Teresina, José de Freitas, Campo Maior, and Angical), where technical information is scarce. Seven markers suggested by FAO were used (ILSTS11, McM527, INRA23, ETH10, OarfCB304, OarfCB48, and MAF209). The samples were genotyped using a 7% polyacrylamide gel. The average number of alleles per locus was 4.0, with observed and expected heterozygosity of 0.38 and 0.55, respectively. Few deviations from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were observed for each population. Only two loci deviated significantly in two localities. The coefficient of gene differentiation (GST') indicated that 11.9% of the genetic variation was distributed among populations, and according to the coefficient of inbreeding (GIS = 0.23 and FIS = 0.23), there is a deficiency of heterozygotes within populations. These findings corroborate the Bayesian analyses performed with the STRUCTURE software, which revealed three distinct and moderately structured groups. The graphic analysis showed that Teresina and José de Freitas are isolated groups, while Angical and Campo Maior share most of their alleles. Despite this, the level of diversity among herds was low. Based on this genetic structure, exchange of reproducers among municipalities is recommended for the maintenance of the breed.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Relação:  10.1590/S1806-92902015000400004
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia v.44 n.4 2015
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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