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Identification and functional analysis of a novel mitochondria-localized 2-Cys peroxiredoxin, BbTPx-2, from Babesia bovis OAK
Masatani, Tatsunori; Asada, Masahito; Hakimi, Hassan; Hayashi, Kei; Yamagishi, Junya; Kawazu, Shin-ichiro; Xuan, Xuenan.
Cysteine-based peroxidases, known as peroxiredoxins (Prx) or thioredoxin peroxidases (TPx), are important antioxidant enzymes that prevent oxidative damage caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, we identified a novel mitochondrial 2-Cys Prx, BbTPx-2, from a bovine Babesia parasite, B. bovis. BbTPx-2 complementary DNA (cDNA) encodes a polypeptide of 254 amino acid residues. This protein has a mitochondrial targeting peptide at the N-terminus and two conserved cysteine residues of the typical 2-Cys Prx. By using a thiol mixed-function oxidation assay, the antioxidant activity of recombinant BbTPx-2 was revealed, and its antioxidant activity was comparable to that of a cytosolic 2-Cys Prx from B. bovis, BbTPx-1. Notably, we confirmed that...
Palavras-chave: Antioxidant activity; Babasia bovis; Mitochondria; Peroxiredoxin.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4487
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A PCR-based survey of animal African trypanosomosis and selected piroplasm parasites of cattle and goats in Zambia OAK
Musinguzi, Simon Peter; Suganuma, Keisuke; Asada, Masahito; Laohasinnarong, Dusit; Sivakumar, Thillaiampalam; Yokoyama, Naoaki; Namangala, Boniface; Sugimoto, Chihiro; Suzuki, Yasuhiko; Xuan, Xuenan; Inoue, Noboru.
We screened cattle and goats from the districts of Chama, Monze and Mumbwa in Zambia for animal African trypanosomes, Babesia bigemina and Theileria parva using PCRs; 38.1% of the samples tested positive for at least one of the parasite species. The most common parasite was Trypanosoma vivax (19.8%). Its incidence was significantly higher in goats than in cattle, (P<0.05). B. bigemina was found in samples from all the three areas, making it the most widespread of the parasites in Zambia. Among the tested samples, 12.0% of the positive samples were mixed infections. There were significant differences in the infection rates of T. vivax (Mumbwa had a significantly higher infection rate [39.6%, P<0.0001]), Th. parva (Monze had the only cases...
Palavras-chave: Animal African trypanosomosis; Cattle; Goat; Piroplasmosis; Zambia.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4389
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Characterization of an epimastigote-stage-specific hemoglobin receptor of Trypanosoma congolense OAK
Yamasaki, Shino; Suganuma, Keisuke; Yamagishi, Junya; Asada, Masahito; Yokoyama, Naoaki; Kawazu, Shin-ichiro; Inoue, Noboru.
Background: Since Trypanosorna spp. lack a complete heme synthesis pathway, the parasites are totally dependent on their host for heme throughout all of the stages of their life -cycle. We herein report the identification and characterization of a T. congolense epimastigote form (EMF)-specific hemoglobin (Hb) receptor. The gene was initially reported to encode a T. congolense haptoglobin (Hp)-Hb complex receptor (TcHpHbR) based on its similarity to a gene encoding a T brucei Hp-Hb complex receptor (TbHpHbR). Methods: Trypanosorna congolense IL3000 was used in this study. A TcHpHbR gene was PCR amplified from the parasite genome. The recombinant protein was used as an immunogen to raise antibodies for immunofluorescence assay and immunoblotting. Hemoglobin...
Palavras-chave: Trypanosome congolense; Epimastigote; Hemoglobin receptor.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4441
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