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Registros recuperados: 7
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Biological productivity regime and associated N cycling in the vicinity of Kerguelen Island area, Southern Ocean 5
Cavagna, A. J.; Fripiat, F.; Elskens, M.; Dehairs, F.; Mangion, P.; Chirurgien, L.; Closset, I.; Lasbleiz, M.; Flores–leiva, L.; Cardinal, D.; Leblanc, K.; Fernandez, C.; Lefèvre, D.; Oriol, L.; Blain, S.; Quéguiner, B..
Although the Southern Ocean is considered a High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll area (HNLC), massive and recurrent blooms are observed over and downstream the Kerguelen Plateau. This mosaic of blooms is triggered by a higher iron supply resulting from the interaction between the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and the local bathymetry. Net primary production, N-uptake (NO3− and NH4+), and nitrification rates were measured at 8 stations in austral spring 2011 (October–November) during the KEOPS2 cruise in the Kerguelen area. Iron fertilization stimulates primary production, with integrated net primary production and growth rates much higher in the fertilized areas (up to 315 mmol C m−2 d−1 and up to 0.31 d−1, respectively) compared to the HNLC reference site (12...
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Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00294/40558/39445.pdf
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Production regime and associated N cycling in the vicinity of Kerguelen Island, Southern Ocean 5
Cavagna, A. J.; Fripiat, F.; Elskens, M.; Mangion, P.; Chirurgien, L.; Closset, I.; Lasbleiz, M.; Florez-leiva, L.; Cardinal, D.; Leblanc, K.; Fernandez, C.; Lefevre, D.; Oriol, L.; Blain, S.; Queguiner, B.; Dehairs, F..
Although the Southern Ocean is considered a high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll (HNLC) area, massive and recurrent blooms are observed over and downstream of the Kerguelen Plateau. This mosaic of blooms is triggered by a higher iron supply resulting from the interaction between the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and the local bathymetry. Net primary production, N uptake (NO3− and NH4+), and nitrification rates were measured at eight stations in austral spring 2011 (October–November) during the KEOPS 2 cruise in the Kerguelen Plateau area. Natural iron fertilization stimulated primary production, with mixed layer integrated net primary production and growth rates much higher in the fertilized areas (up to 315 mmol C m−2 d−1 and up to 0.31 d−1 respectively)...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00294/40561/39448.pdf
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Seasonal evolution of net and regenerated silica production around a natural Fe-fertilized area in the Southern Ocean estimated with Si isotopic approaches 5
Closset, I.; Lasbleiz, M.; Leblanc, K.; Queguiner, B.; Cavagna, A. -j.; Elskens, M.; Navez, J.; Cardinal, D..
A massive diatom bloom is observed each year in the surface waters of the naturally Fe-fertilized Kerguelen Plateau (Southern Ocean). We measured biogenic silica production and dissolution fluxes (rho Si and rho Diss, respectively) in the mixed layer in the vicinity of the Kerguelen Plateau during austral spring 2011 (KEOPS-2 cruise). We compare results from a high-nutrient low-chlorophyll reference station and stations with different degrees of iron enrichment and bloom conditions. Above the plateau biogenic rho Si are among the highest reported so far in the Southern Ocean (up to 47.9 mmol m(-2) d(-1)). Although significant (10.2 mmol m(-2) d(-1) on average), rho Diss were generally much lower than production rates. Uptake ratios (rho Si : rho C and rho...
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Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00291/40220/39341.pdf
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Processes controlling the Si-isotopic composition in the Southern Ocean and application for paleoceanography 5
Fripiat, F.; Cavagna, A. -j.; Dehairs, F.; De Brauwere, A.; Andre, L.; Cardinal, D..
Southern Ocean biogeochemical processes have an impact on global marine primary production and global elemental cycling, e.g. by likely controlling glacial-interglacial pCO(2) variation. In this context, the natural silicon isotopic composition (delta Si-30) of sedimentary biogenic silica has been used to reconstruct past Si-consumption:supply ratios in the surface waters. We present a new dataset in the Southern Ocean from a IPY-GEOTRACES transect (Bonus-GoodHope) which includes for the first time summer delta Si-30 signatures of suspended biogenic silica (i) for the whole water column at three stations and (ii) in the mixed layer at seven stations from the subtropical zone up to the Weddell Gyre. In general, the isotopic composition of biogenic opal...
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Ano: 2012 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00226/33769/32565.pdf
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Silicon pool dynamics and biogenic silica export in the Southern Ocean inferred from Si-isotopes 5
Fripiat, F.; Cavagna, A. -j.; Dehairs, F.; Speich, Sabrina; Andre, L.; Cardinal, D..
Silicon isotopic signatures (delta(30)Si) of water column silicic acid (Si(OH)(4)) were measured in the Southern Ocean, along a meridional transect from South Africa (Subtropical Zone) down to 57 degrees S (northern Weddell Gyre). This provides the first reported data of a summer transect across the whole Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC). delta(30)Si variations are large in the upper 1000 m, reflecting the effect of the silica pump superimposed upon meridional water transfer across the ACC: the transport of Antarctic surface waters northward by a net Ekman drift and their convergence and mixing with warmer upper-ocean Si-depleted waters to the north. Using Si isotopic signatures, we determine different mixing interfaces: the Antarctic Surface Water...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00052/16298/13811.pdf
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Early spring mesopelagic carbon remineralization and transfer efficiency in the naturally iron-fertilized Kerguelen area 5
Jacquet, Shm; Dehairs, F.; Lefevre, D.; Cavagna, A. J.; Planchon, F.; Christaki, U.; Monin, L.; Andre, L.; Closset, I.; Cardinal, D..
We report on the zonal variability of mesopelagic particulate organic carbon remineralization and deep carbon transfer potential during the Kerguelen Ocean and Plateau compared Study 2 expedition (KEOPS 2; October-November 2011) in an area of the polar front supporting recurrent massive blooms from natural Fe fertilization. Mesopelagic carbon remineralization (MR) was assessed using the excess, non-lithogenic particulate barium (Ba-xs) inventories in mesopelagic waters and compared with bacterial production (BP), surface primary production (PP) and export production (EP). Results for this early season study are compared with the results obtained during a previous study (2005; KEOPS 1) for the same area at a later stage of the phytoplankton bloom. Our...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00260/37140/35670.pdf
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Mesopelagic carbon remineralization during the European iron fertilization experiment 5
Jacquet, S.h.m.; Savoye, N.; Dehairs, F.; Strass, V. H.; Cardinal, D..
[1] The impact of iron fertilization on mesopelagic carbon (C) remineralization was assessed during the European Iron Fertilization Experiment (EIFEX) in the Southern Ocean by following the temporal change of excess particulate barium (also called biogenic or Ba(xs)) in the mesopelagic waters of a mesoscale eddy. Before the iron infusion the site was already sustaining a significant vertical flux of particles leading to organic remineralization in the mesopelagic. Approximately 35 d after the fertilization, mesopelagic Baxs contents provided evidence of changes in surface particulate export and of enhanced and particularly fast remineralization extending down to 1000 m. At the end of the experiment (day 36) both export and remineralization decreased....
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Ano: 2008 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00237/34870/33193.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
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