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End-To-End Models for the Analysis of Marine Ecosystems: Challenges, Issues, and Next Steps 5
Rose, Kenneth A.; Allen, J. Icarus; Artioli, Yuri; Barange, Manuel; Blackford, Jerry; Carlotti, Francois; Cropp, Roger; Daewel, Ute; Edwards, Karen; Flynn, Kevin; Hill, Simeon L.; Hillerislambers, Reinier; Huse, Geir; Mackinson, Steven; Megrey, Bernard; Moll, Andreas; Rivkin, Richard; Salihoglu, Baris; Schrum, Corinna; Shannon, Lynne; Shin, Yunne-jai; Smith, S. Lan; Smith, Chris; Solidoro, Cosimo; St John, Michael; Zhou, Meng.
There is growing interest in models of marine ecosystems that deal with the effects of climate change through the higher trophic levels. Such end-to-end models combine physicochemical oceanographic descriptors and organisms ranging from microbes to higher-trophic-level (HTL) organisms, including humans, in a single modeling framework. The demand for such approaches arises from the need for quantitative tools for ecosystem-based management, particularly models that can deal with bottom-up and top-down controls that operate simultaneously and vary in time and space and that are capable of handling the multiple impacts expected under climate change. End-to-end models are now feasible because of improvements in the component submodels and the availability of...
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Ano: 2010 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00483/59488/62350.pdf
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Seasonal variation of stable isotope ratios of size-fractionated zooplankton in the Bay of Marseille (NW Mediterranean Sea) 5
Banaru, Daniela; Carlotti, Francois; Barani, Aude; Gregori, Gerald; Neffati, Nada; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille.
Stable isotope ratios of six size fractions of zooplankton (80 to >2000 mm) were analyzed seasonally in 2009-2010 at the SOMLIT site in the Bay of Marseille. Isotopic ratios generally increased with zooplankton size. The highest delta N-15 values were observed in the 1000-2000 mm fraction. The largest size class (>2000 mu m), dominated by gelatinous plankton, had lower delta N-15 values due to the low isotopic signatures of most of these organisms. In the larger size fractions (>1000 mu m), isotopic ratios were measured at the taxon level. Brachyuran, stomatopod, teleost and cephalopod larvae showed the highest delta N-15 values, and salps and pteropods the lowest ones. Lower values of both delta C-13 and delta N-15 were recorded in winter and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Plankton; Delta C-13; Delta N-15; Size classes; Flow cytometry.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00372/48275/48536.pdf
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PCB concentrations in plankton size classes, a temporal study in Marseille Bay, Western Mediterranean Sea 5
Tiano, Marion; Tronczynski, Jacek; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille; Tixier, Celine; Carlotti, Francois.
PCB levels in plankton were investigated in the Bay of Marseille, Western Mediterranean Sea, between September 2010 and October 2011. Concentrations of PCB congeners (CB 18, CB 52, CB 101, CB 118, CB 138, CB 153, CB 180) were determined in three plankton size-classes (60–200, 200–500 and 500–1000 μm) together with different parameters: chlorophyll content, plankton dry-weight biomass, carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios and plankton-community structure. The ∑PCB7 concentrations ranged between 14.2 and 88.1 ng g−1 d.w., for all size classes and all sampling periods. The results do not show the biomass dilution effect and indicate moderate but significant biomagnification with plankton trophic position estimated by δ15N signatures. Equilibrium with...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PCBs; Phytoplankton; Zooplankton; Bioaccumulation; Coastal; Bay of Marseille.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00218/32881/31371.pdf
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