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Registros recuperados: 5
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Chronic Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Contamination Is a Marginal Driver for Community Diversity and Prokaryotic Predicted Functioning in Coastal Sediments ArchiMer
Jeanbille, Mathilde; Gury, Jérôme; Duran, Robert; Tronczynski, Jacek; Ghiglione, Jean-françois; Agogué, Hélène; Saïd, Olfa Ben; Taïb, Najwa; Debroas, Didier; Garnier, Cédric; Auguet, Jean-christophe.
Benthic microorganisms are key players in the recycling of organic matter and recalcitrant compounds such as polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in coastal sediments. Despite their ecological importance, the response of microbial communities to chronic PAH pollution, one of the major threats to coastal ecosystems, has received very little attention. In one of the largest surveys performed so far on coastal sediments, the diversity and composition of microbial communities inhabiting both chronically contaminated and non-contaminated coastal sediments were investigated using high-throughput sequencing on the 18S and 16S rRNA genes. Prokaryotic alpha-diversity showed significant association with salinity, temperature, and organic carbon content. The effect of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microbial communities; PAH; Chronic contamination; Coastal sediment; Functional diversity.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00347/45854/45522.pdf
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A strong link between marine microbial community composition and function challenges the idea of functional redundancy ArchiMer
Galand, Pierre E.; Pereira, Olivier; Hochart, Corentin; Auguet, Jean-christophe; Debroas, Didier.
Marine microbes have tremendous diversity, but a fundamental question remains unanswered: why are there so many microbial species in the sea? The idea of functional redundancy for microbial communities has long been assumed, so that the high level of richness is often explained by the presence of different taxa that are able to conduct the exact same set of metabolic processes and that can readily replace each other. Here, we refute the hypothesis of functional redundancy for marine microbial communities by showing that a shift in the community composition altered the overall functional attributes of communities across different temporal and spatial scales. Our metagenomic monitoring of a coastal northwestern Mediterranean site also revealed that diverse...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00459/57118/59050.pdf
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Genomic ecology of Marine Group II, the most common marine planktonic Archaea across the surface ocean ArchiMer
Pereira, Olivier; Hochart, Corentin; Auguet, Jean-christophe; Debroas, Didier; Galand, Pierre E..
Planktonic Archaea have been detected in all the world's oceans and are found from surface waters to the deep sea. The two most common Archaea phyla are Thaumarchaeota and Euryarchaeota. Euryarchaeota are generally more common in surface waters, but very little is known about their ecology and their potential metabolisms. In this study, we explore the genomic ecology of the Marine Group II (MGII), the main marine planktonic Euryarchaeota, and test if it is composed of different ecologically relevant units. We re‐analyzed Tara Oceans metagenomes from the photic layer and the deep ocean by annotating sequences against a custom MGII database and by mapping gene co‐occurrences. Our data provide a global view of the distribution of Euryarchaeota, and more...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: 16S rRNA; Euryarchaeota; Global ocean; Metagenomics; Poseidoniales; Proteorhodopsin.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00505/61676/65607.pdf
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Rapid responses of pristine marine planktonic communities in experimental approach to diuron and naphthalene (Juan de Nova Island, Western Indian Ocean) ArchiMer
Bouvy, Marc; Dupuy, Christine; Got, Patrice; Domaizon, Isabelle; Carré, Claire; Pagano, Marc; Debroas, Didier; Roques, Cécile; Leboulanger, Christophe.
Planktonic communities from Juan de Nova lagoon were submitted to a single exposure of diuron or naphthalene in triplicate outdoor 40-L mesocosms for 5 days. The study followed the temporal changes of the assemblages by determining abundances and taxonomic level of microbial (heterotrophic prokaryotes, picocyanobacteria, heterotrophic protists and phytoplankton) and metazooplankton communities. Exposure to both contaminants did not result in significant changes in phytoplankton abundances. Microscopic identification demonstrated the dominance of Bacillariophyta (mostly Chaetoceros tenuissimus) accounting for more than 95% of the microalgae detected in all mesocosms. Using 18S rRNA metabarcoding, temporal changes in the proportion of eukaryotic operational...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Contaminant; Taxonomy; Metabarcoding; Plankton; Experiments; Lagoon..
Ano: 2021 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00681/79348/81853.pdf
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Seasonality of archaeal proteorhodopsin and associated Marine Group IIb ecotypes (Ca. Poseidoniales) in the North Western Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Pereira, Olivier; Hochart, Corentin; Boeuf, Dominique; Auguet, Jean-christophe; Debroas, Didier; Galand, Pierre E..
The Archaea Marine Group II (MGII) is widespread in the world’s ocean where it plays an important role in the carbon cycle. Despite recent discoveries on the group’s metabolisms, the ecology of this newly proposed order (Candidatus Poseidoniales) remains poorly understood. Here we used a combination of time-series metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) and high-frequency 16S rRNA data from the NW Mediterranean Sea to test if the taxonomic diversity within the MGIIb family (Candidatus Thalassarchaeaceae) reflects the presence of different ecotypes. The MAGs’ seasonality revealed a MGIIb family composed of different subclades that have distinct lifestyles and physiologies. The vitamin metabolisms were notably different between ecotypes with, in some, a possible...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2021 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00663/77526/79334.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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