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Registros recuperados: 6
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U.S. Farm Policy and Small Farms 31
Ahearn, Mary Clare; Effland, Anne.
We begin with a brief comparison of the size distribution of US and EU-15 farms to provide the European audience a greater context to the US issues. The EU data are from the Farm Structures Survey and the US data are from USDA’s Agriculture Resource Management Survey (ARMS). We next address the reasons for the unexpected increase in the number of small farms in the US and the possible role of government policies. We draw on ARMS to provide the distribution of commodity and conservation payments by farm size. Although limits on payments to large farms have long been addressed by the periodic US Farm Acts, payments continue to be concentrated on large farms largely because of their historical ties to farm production. The most recent 2008 Farm Act included...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Small farms; EU-US farm structure comparison; Farm policy; Payment distribution; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52868
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The 20th Century Transformation of U.S. Agriculture and Farm Policy 31
Dimitri, Carolyn; Effland, Anne; Conklin, Neilson C..
The structure of farms, farm households, and the rural communities in which they exist has evolved markedly over the last century. Historical data on a range of farm structure variables—including the value of agricultural production, commodity specialization, farming-dependent counties, and off-farm work—offer a perspective on the long-term forces that have helped shape the structure of agriculture and rural life over the past century. These forces include productivity growth, the increasing importance of national and global markets, and the rising influence of consumers on agricultural production. Within this long-term context of structural change, a review of some key developments in farm policy considers the extent to which farm policy design has or has...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm policy; Farm structure; Policy adjustment; Structural adjustment; Mechanization; Productivity growth; Global markets; Consumer stakeholders; Price and income support; Farm policy history; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59390
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World Trade Organization and Globalization Help Facilitate Growth in Agricultural Trade 31
Effland, Anne; Roberts, Donna; Normile, Mary Anne; Wainio, John.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122956
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Income Source Matters in Farm Household Spending 31
Effland, Anne; Whitaker, James B..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124203
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Investing in People: Assessing the Economic Benefits of 1890 Institutions 31
Tegene, Abebayehu; Effland, Anne; Ballenger, Nicole; Norton, George W.; Essel, Albert E.; Larson, Gerald; Clarke, Winfrey.
The report examines the historical USDA funding levels of 1890 institutions; discusses the outcomes of these investments and potential measurable indicators of these outcomes; and outlines a conceptual model for estimating returns to investment in education tailored to particularities of the 1890's.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: 1890s; Land grant universities; Human capital; Extension service; Agricultural research; Research funding; Labor and Human Capital; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33548
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Income Stabilization Through Government Payments: How Is Farm Household Consumption Affected? 31
Whitaker, James B.; Effland, Anne.
We estimate the impacts of various types of government payments to U.S. agriculture on different components of farm household consumption. Using 2003 to 2005 data from the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS), we show that marginal rates of consumption differ by consumption category and income source, including different types of farm program payments. The results suggest that farm households treat income from different sources as imperfect substitutes and may reserve income from specific sources for specific types of consumption. Implications for the effects of different types of government payments on the farm household are considered.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Consumption; Farm households; Government payments; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49863
Registros recuperados: 6
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