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Registros recuperados: 38
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Dynamic intrahousehold bargaining, matrimonial property law and suicide in Canada AgEcon
Adam, Christopher; Hoddinott, John; Ligon, Ethan.
This paper develops a dynamic model of household bargaining and uses it to motivate an empirical analysis of the impact changes in Canadian laws regarding the allocation of family assets upon divorce on female suicide. Using time series data, we show that in Ontario, the passage of Canadian legislation that improved women's rights to assets upon divorce was associated with reductions in the rate of female suicide amongst older (married) women while not affecting younger (unmarried) women. As suggested by our model, its impact was asymmetric in that male suicide rates were unaffected by this change. We also exploited a quasi-natural experiment in these data, namely that no comparable legislative change occurred in Quebec. Here, we do not observe a...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Intrahousehold; Bargaining; Divorce; Suicide; Canada; Community/Rural/Urban Development; D10; J12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120422
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Social Protection: Opportunities for Africa. AgEcon
Adato, Michelle; Hoddinott, John.
Social protection involves policies and programs that protect people against risk and vulnerability, mitigate the impacts of shocks, and support people who suffer from chronic incapacities to secure basic livelihoods. It can also build assets, reducing both short-term and intergenerational transmission of poverty. It includes social insurance (such as health, life, and asset insurance, which may involve contributions from employers and/or beneficiaries); social assistance (mainly cash, food, vouchers, or subsidies); and services (such as maternal and child health and nutrition programs). Interventions that provide training and credit for income-generating activities also have a social protection component. Interest in social protection is growing across...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: AFRICA; Social protection; Poverty reduction; Hunger; Cash transfers; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46013
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Power, Politics, and Performance: Community Participation in South African Public Works Programs AgEcon
Adato, Michelle; Hoddinott, John; Haddad, Lawrence James.
Community-driven development is indelible in the development landscape. It is increasingly visible in the policy design of many governments, nongovernmental organizations, and multilateral institutions and features in important debates involving democracy, governance, institutions, and decentralization. As this research report points out, this has philosophical and instrumentalist underpinnings, with participation as both means and end. Participatory or community-driven development is advocated on the basis that, among other advantages, it can reduce information problems for development planners and beneficiaries, increase the resources available to poor people, and strengthen the capacity for collective action among poor and other marginalized societal...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Public works; South Africa; Community development; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Public Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37887
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Comparing Food and Cash Transfers to the Ultra Poor in Bangladesh AgEcon
Ahmed, Akhter U.; Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Nasreen, Mahbuba; Hoddinott, John; Bryan, Elizabeth.
Bangladesh has some social safety net programs that transfer food to the poor, some that transfer cash, and some that provide a combination of both. This study evaluates the relative impacts of food and cash transfers on food security and livelihood outcomes among the ultra poor in Bangladesh. The programs impacts are evaluated according to various measures, including how well transfers are delivered; which transfers beneficiaries prefer; how accurately the programs target the extremely poor; effects on food security, livelihoods, and women’s empowerment; and cost effectiveness. The report identifies what has and has not worked in food and cash transfers and recommends ways of improving these programs. This study will be valuable to policymakers and others...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Safety net programs; Food security; Women empowerment; Poverty reduction; Cash transfers; Cost effectiveness; Poverty; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92803
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Improving Child Nutrition for Sustainable Poverty Reduction in Africa AgEcon
Alderman, Harold; Behrman, Jere R.; Hoddinott, John.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45776
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Gender Differentials in Farm Productivity: Implications For Household Efficiency and Agricultural Policy AgEcon
Alderman, Harold; Hoddinott, John; Haddad, Lawrence James; Udry, Christopher R..
Within many African households, agricultural production is simultaneously carried out on many plots controlled by different members of the household. Detailed plot-level agronomic data from Burkina Faso provides striking evidence of inefficiencies in the allocation of factors of production across the plots controlled by different members of the household. Production function estimates imply that the value of household output could be increased by 10 to 20 percent by reallocating currently-used factors of production across plots. This finding contradicts standard models of agricultural households. A richer model of behavior, which recognizes that the individuals who comprise a household compete as well as cooperate, has important implications for the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42677
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LONG-TERM CONSEQUENCES OF EARLY CHILDHOOD MALNUTRITION AgEcon
Alderman, Harold; Hoddinott, John; Kinsey, Bill.
This paper examines the impact of preschool malnutrition on subsequent human capital formation in rural Zimbabwe using a maternal fixed effects-instrumental variables (MFE-IV) estimator with a long-term panel data set. Representations of civil war and drought "shocks" are used to identify differences in preschool nutritional status across siblings. Improvements in height-for-age in preschoolers are associated with increased height as a young adult and number of grades of schooling completed. Had the median preschool child in this sample had the stature of a median child in a developed country, by adolescence, she would be 4.6 centimeters taller and would have completed an additional 0.7 grades of schooling.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16436
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AN EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF PROGRESA ON PRE-SCHOOL CHILD HEIGHT AgEcon
Behrman, Jere R.; Hoddinott, John.
The nutrition of preschool children is of considerable interest not only because of concern over their immediate welfare, but also because their nutrition in this formative stage of life is widely perceived to have substantial persistent impact on their physical and mental development and on their health status as adults. Children’s physical and mental development shapes their later lives by affecting their schooling success and post-schooling productivity. Improving the nutritional status of currently malnourished preschoolers may, therefore, have important payoffs over the long term. Within rural Mexico, stunting, or short height relative to standards established for healthy populations, is the major form of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM). Low weight...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16387
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AN EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF PROGRESA ON PRE-SCHOOL CHILD HEIGHT AgEcon
Behrman, Jere R.; Hoddinott, John.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15917
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ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES OF MAIZE IN RESETTLEMENT AREAS OF ZIMBABWE AgEcon
Bourdillon, Michael; Hebinck, Paul; Hoddinott, John; Kinsey, Bill; Marondo, John; Mudege, Netsayi; Owens, Trudy.
This study is part of a larger effort to explore the impact of agricultural research on poverty reduction. It examines the diffusion and impact of hybrid maize in selected resettlement areas of rural Zimbabwe, paying particular attention to varieties made widely available from the mid-1990s onwards. While “Zimbabwe’s Green Revolution” of the early 1980s was characterized by the widespread adoption of hybrid maize varieties and significant increases in yields, the subsequent diffusion of newer varieties occurred more slowly and had a more modest impact. Several factors account for this. Government now plays a much-reduced role and one that increasingly focuses on “better farmers.” Private-sector institutions that have entered the maize sector operate mainly...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Poverty; Agricultural research; Sustainable livelihoods; Vulnerability; Agricultural extension; Social capital; Hybrid maize; Zimbabwe; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16407
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ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF HGH-YIELDING VARIETIES OF MAIZE IN RESETTLEMENT AREAS OF ZIMBABWE AgEcon
Bourdillon, Michael; Hebinck, Paul; Hoddinott, John; Kinsey, Bill; Marondo, John; Mudege, Netsayi; Owens, Trudy.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15930
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COMPARING VILLAGE CHARACTERISTICS DERIVED FROM RAPID APPRAISALS AND HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS: A TALE FROM NORTHERN MALI AgEcon
Christiaensen, Luc J.M.; Hoddinott, John; Bergeron, Gilles.
This paper investigates whether inferences drawn about a population are sensitive to the manner by which those data are obtained. It compares information obtained using participatory appraisal techniques with a survey of households randomly drawn from a locally administered census that had been carefully revised. The community map tends to include household members who do not, in fact, reside in the enumerated locality. By contrast, the revised official census is slightly more likely to exclude household members who actually lived in the surveyed area. Controlling for the survey technique, we find that the revised official census produces higher estimates of average household size and wealth but lower estimates of total village size or wealth, than the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16453
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COMPARING VILLAGE CHARACTERISTICS DERIVED FROM RAPID APPRAISALS AND HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS: A TALE FROM NORTHERN MALI AgEcon
Christiaensen, Luc J.M.; Hoddinott, John; Bergeron, Gilles.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15944
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TARGETING OUTCOMES REDUX AgEcon
Coady, David P.; Grosh, Margaret; Hoddinott, John.
This paper addresses the contested issue of the efficacy of targeting interventions in developing countries using a newly constructed comprehensive database of 111 targeted antipoverty interventions in 47 countries. While the median program transfers 25 percent more to the target group than would be the case with a universal allocation, more than a quarter of targeted programs are regressive. Countries with higher income or governance measures, and countries with better measures for voice do better at directing benefits toward poorer members of the population. Interventions that use means testing, geographic targeting, and self-selection based on a work requirement are all associated with an increased share of benefits going to the bottom two quintiles....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16434
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TARGETING OUTCOME REDUX AgEcon
Coady, David P.; Grosh, Margaret; Hoddinott, John.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; International Development.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15924
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Must Conditional Cash Transfer Programs Be Conditioned to Be Effective?: The Impact of Conditioning Transfers on School Enrollment In Mexico AgEcon
de Brauw, Alan; Hoddinott, John.
A growing body of evidence suggests that conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs can have strong, positive effects on a range of welfare indicators for poor households in developing countries. However, the contribution of individual program components toward achieving these outcomes is not well understood. This paper contributes to filling this gap by explicitly testing the importance of conditionality on one specific outcome related to human capital formation (namely school enrollment), using data collected during the evaluation of Mexico’s Programa de Educación, Salud, y Alimentación (PROGRESA) CCT program. We exploit the fact that some PROGRESA beneficiaries who received transfers did not receive the forms needed to monitor their children’s attendance...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Conditionality; Cash transfers; School enrollment; School attendance; PROGRESA; Mexico; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42814
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Livelihoods, Growth, and Links to Market Towns in 15 Ethiopian Villages AgEcon
Dercon, Stefan; Hoddinott, John.
Rural and urban spaces are usually regarded as “separate” in both development theory and practice. Yet there are myriad links between them. Urban areas, including regional urban centers such as local market towns, provide households with new opportunities to sell goods and services. These opportunities increase household income by employing previously unemployed household resources or because households reallocate household resources so as to take advantage of new, more profitable activities. Links to market towns improve the prices received by rural households because households can benefit from increased demand for their goods or because the larger market is better able to absorb production from rural areas without causing prices to decline. These links...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livelihoods; Transport; Poverty; Rural-urban linkages; Ethiopia; International Development; Marketing.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59596
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Collective Action and Vulnerability: Burial Societies in Rural Ethiopia AgEcon
Dercon, Stefan; Hoddinott, John; Krishnan, Pramila; Woldehanna, Tassew.
Collective action can help individuals, groups, and communities achieve common goals, thus contributing to poverty reduction. Drawing on longitudinal household and qualitative community data, the authors examine the impact of shocks on household living standards, study the correlates of participation in groups and formal and informal networks, and discuss the relationship of networks with access to other forms of capital. In this context, they assess how one form of collective action, iddir, or burial societies, help households attenuate the impact of illness. They find that iddir effectively deal with problems of asymmetric information by restricting membership geographically, imposing a membership fee, and conducting checks on how the funds were spent....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Collective action; Burial societies; Shocks; Vulnerability; Poverty; Networks; Ethiopia; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44356
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Is There Persistence in the Impact of Emergency Food Aid? Evidence on Consumption, Food Security, and Assets in Rural Ethiopia AgEcon
Gilligan, Daniel O.; Hoddinott, John.
The primary goal of emergency food aid after an economic shock is often to bolster short-term food and nutrition security. However, these transfers also act as insurance against other shock effects, such as destruction of assets and changes in economic activity, which can have lasting deleterious consequences. Although existing research provides some evidence of small positive impacts of timely food aid disbursements after a shock on current food consumption and aggregate consumption, little is known about whether these transfers play a safety net role by reducing vulnerability and protecting assets into the future. We investigate this issue by exploring the presence of persistent impacts of two major food aid programs following the 2002 drought in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food aid; Treatment effects; Propensity score matching; Ethiopia; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55895
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AJAE Appendix: Is There Persistence in the Impact of Emergency Food Aid? Evidence on Consumption, Food Security and Assets in Rural Ethiopia AgEcon
Gilligan, Daniel O.; Hoddinott, John.
The material contained herein is supplementary to the article named in the title and published in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics, May 2007, Volume 89, Issue 2.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7414
Registros recuperados: 38
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