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Registros recuperados: 5
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Ionian Abyssal Plain: A window into the Tethys oceanic lithosphere ArchiMer
Dannowski, Anke; Kopp, Heidrun; Klingelhoefer, Frauke; Klaeschen, Dirk; Gutscher, Marc-andre; Krabbenhoeft, Anne; Dellong, David; Rovere, Mickael; Graindorge, David; Papenberg, Cord; Klaucke, Ingo.
The nature of the Ionian Sea crust has been the subject of scientific debate for more than 30 years, mainly because seismic imaging of the deep crust and upper mantle of the Ionian Abyssal Plain (IAP) has not been conclusive to date. The IAP is sandwiched between the Calabrian and Hellenic subduction zones in the central Mediterranean. To univocally confirm the proposed oceanic nature of the IAP crust as a remnant of the Tethys ocean and to confute its interpretation as a strongly thinned part of the African continental crust, a NE-SW oriented 131 km long seismic refraction and wide-angle reflection profile consisting of eight ocean bottom seismometers and hydrophones was acquired in 2014. A P-wave velocity model developed from travel time forward...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00473/58431/61006.pdf
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Multi-scale seafloor mapping of active seep-related structures, offshore Egypt ArchiMer
Dupre, Stéphanie; Woodside, John; Klaucke, Ingo; Mascle, Jean; Foucher, Jean-paul.
The Nile deep sea fan system presents a rich variety of fluid escape structures, gas chimneys, pockmarks and carbonate crust mounds, brines pools, and several types of mud volcano. These seep-related structures were explored for the first time with the Nautile submersible during the 2003 Nautinil expedition and are characterized by high thermal gradients and highly gas-saturated sediments. More recently, high resolution side scan sonar data acquired during the 2004 Mimes expedition brings more detail to the geophysical imagery. The EdgeTech DTS-1 deep tow sonar coupled with a 2-8 kHz chirp subbottom penetrator was deployed around 100 m above the seafloor and operated at a frequency of 75 kHz. Several gas plumes were acoustically detected in the water...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Free gas emission; Backscatter; Authigenic carbonate crust; Mud volcanism; Gas chimneys; Nile Deep Sea Fan.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/acte-6396.pdf
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Widespread active seepage activity on the Nile Deep Sea Fan (offshore Egypt) revealed by high-definition geophysical imagery ArchiMer
Dupre, Stephanie; Woodside, John; Klaucke, Ingo; Mascle, Jean; Foucher, Jean-paul.
Fluid escape structures on the Nile Deep Sea Fan were investigated during the MEDIFLUX MIMES expedition in 2004. Mud volcanoes, pockmarks and authigenic carbonate structures were surveyed for the first time with a high-resolution deep-towed 75 kHz sidescan sonar and a 2-8 kHz Chirp sediment echosounder. In combination with existing multibeam bathymetry and detailed seafloor in situ geological observations, these new data allowed detailed seep analyses. About 60 gas flares were detected acoustically in the water column from the sidescan sonar raw data at water depths from 770 to 1700 m. These gas flares coincide at the seabed with 1) the centres of the mud volcanoes where mud is also extruded, 2) the borders of the mud volcanoes where the emitted gases...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nile Deep Sea Fan; Seepage; Backscatter; Sidescan sonar; High-resolution; Gas chimneys; Mud volcanoes; Authigenic carbonates.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00013/12457/9766.pdf
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Active tectonics of the Calabrian subduction revealed by new multi-beam bathymetric data and high-resolution seismic profiles in the Ionian Sea (Central Mediterranean) ArchiMer
Gutscher, Marc-andre; Kopp, Heidrun; Krastel, Sebastian; Bohrmann, Gerhard; Garlan, Thierry; Zaragosi, Sebastien; Klaucke, Ingo; Wintersteller, Paul; Loubrieu, Benoit; Le Faou, Yann; San Pedro, Laurine; Dominguez, Stephane; Rovere, Marzia; De Lepinay, Bernard Mercier; Ranero, Cesar; Sallares, Valenti.
The detailed morphology and internal structure of the Calabrian accretionary wedge and adjacent Eastern Sicily margin are imaged in unprecedented detail by a combined dataset of multi-beam bathymetry and high-resolution seismic profiles. The bathymetric data represent the results of 6 recent marine geophysical surveys since 2010 as well as a compilation of earlier surveys presented as a 2 arc-sec (60 m) grid. Several distinct morpho-tectonic provinces are identified including: the deeply incised Malta–Hyblean Escarpment, numerous submarine canyons, broad regions of relatively flat seafloor dominated by fields of sediment waves, the gently undulating anticlinal fold-and-thrust belts of the external Calabrian accretionary wedge and the adjacent portion of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Subduction; Active faults; Eurasia-Africa plate boundary; Bathymetry; Seismic profiles; Accretionary wedge.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00366/47685/47853.pdf
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Gas migration pathways and slope failures in the Danube Fan, Black Sea ArchiMer
Hillman, Jess I. T.; Klaucke, Ingo; Bialas, Joerg; Feldman, Howard; Drexler, Tina; Awwiller, David; Atgin, Orhan; Cifci, Gunay; Badhani, Shray.
A large geophysical dataset, including bathymetry, and 2D and 3D P-cable seismic data, revealed evidence of numerous gas flares near the S2 Canyon in the Danube Fan, northwestern Black Sea. This dataset allows us to investigate potential relationships between gas migration pathways, gas vents observed at the seafloor and submarine slope failures. Vertical gas migration structures as revealed in the seismics appear to be concentrated near submarine slope failure structures. Where these seismically defined features extend upwards to the seafloor, they correlate with the location of gas flares. However, not all these structures reach the seafloor, in some cases because they are capped by overlying sediments. A strong correlation is inferred between gas...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Gas migration; Chimneys; Gas hydrate; Danube Fan; Slope failure; Black Sea.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00439/55013/57803.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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