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High-resolution seismic imaging in deep sea from a joint deep-towed/OBH reflection experiment: application to a Mass Transport Complex offshore Nigeria ArchiMer
Ker, Stephan; Marsset, Bruno; Garziglia, Sebastien; Le Gonidec, Y.; Gibert, D.; Voisset, Michel; Adamy, J..
P>We assess the feasibility of high-resolution seismic depth imaging in deep water based on a new geophysical approach involving the joint use of a deep-towed seismic device (SYSIF) and ocean bottom hydrophones (OBHs). Source signature measurement enables signature deconvolution to be used to improve the vertical resolution and signal-to-noise ratio. The source signature was also used to precisely determine direct traveltimes that were inverted to relocate source and receiver positions. The very high accuracy of the positioning that was obtained enabled depth imaging and a stack of the OBH data to be performed. The determination of the P-wave velocity distribution was realized by the adaptation of an iterative focusing approach to the specific...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Controlled source seismology; Seismic tomography; Acoustic properties; Submarine landslides; Atlantic Ocean.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00044/15510/12959.pdf
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Multiresolution seismic data fusion with a generalized wavelet-based method to derive subseabed acoustic properties ArchiMer
Ker, Stephan; Le Gonidec, Y.; Gibert, D..
In the context of multiscale seismic analysis of complex reflectors, that takes benefit from broad-band frequency range considerations, we perform a wavelet-based method to merge multiresolution seismic sources based on generalized Lévy-alpha stable functions. The frequency bandwidth limitation of individual seismic sources induces distortions in wavelet responses (WRs), and we show that Gaussian fractional derivative functions are optimal wavelets to fully correct for these distortions in the merged frequency range. The efficiency of the method is also based on a new wavelet parametrization, that is the breadth of the wavelet, where the dominant dilation is adapted to the wavelet formalism. As a first demonstration to merge multiresolution seismic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Wavelet transform; Wave propagation; Acoustic properties.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00157/26824/24935.pdf
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Fine-scale gas distribution in marine sediments assessed from deep-towed seismic data ArchiMer
Ker, Stephan; Le Gonidec, Y.; Marsset, Bruno; Westbrook, Graham; Gibert, D.; Minshull, T. A..
In the context of seismic imaging of gas/gas-hydrate systems, the fine-scale structure of subseabed gas-related reflections is assessed by taking advantage of the source signature of the deep-towed high-resolution SYSIF seismic device. We demonstrate the value of an original wavelet-based method and associated multiscale seismic attributes, applied to seismic data recently acquired on the western margin of the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard. From analysis in the wavelet domain, we recognize two types of gas-related reflections associated with submetre-scale distribution of gas. We identify a thin gas-charged layer associated with an apparent normal polarity reflection, and we detect gas patches associated with a reverse-polarity bright spot with...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Wavelet transform; Gas and hydrate systems; Wave propagation; Acoustic properties; Arctic region.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00175/28602/27019.pdf
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Multifrequency seismic detectability of seasonal thermoclines assessed from ARGO data ArchiMer
Ker, Stephan; Le Gonidec, Y.; Marie, Louis.
Seismic Oceanography is a developing research topic where new acoustic methods allow high-resolution teledetection of the thermohaline structure of the ocean. First implementations to study the Ocean Surface Boundary Layer have recently been achieved but remain very challenging due to the weakness and shallowness of such seismic reflectors. In this article, we develop a multifrequency seismic analysis of hydrographic datasets collected in a seasonally stratified midlatitude shelf by ARGO network floats to assess the detectability issue of shallow thermoclines. This analysis, for which sensitivity to the data reduction scheme used by ARGO floats for the transmission of the profiles is discussed, allows characterizing both the depth location and the...
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00347/45801/45446.pdf
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