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Orbital-scale climate forcing of grassland burning in southern Africa 5
Daniau, Anne-laure; Goni, Maria Fernanda Sanchez; Martinez, Philippe; Urrego, Dunia H.; Bout-roumazeilles, Viviane; Desprat, Stephanie; Marlon, Jennifer R..
Although grassland and savanna occupy only a quarter of the world's vegetation, burning in these ecosystems accounts for roughly half the global carbon emissions from fire. However, the processes that govern changes in grassland burning are poorly understood, particularly on time scales beyond satellite records. We analyzed microcharcoal, sediments, and geochemistry in a high-resolution marine sediment core off Namibia to identify the processes that have controlled biomass burning in southern African grassland ecosystems under large, multimillennial-scale climate changes. Six fire cycles occurred during the past 170,000 y in southern Africa that correspond both in timing and magnitude to the precessional forcing of north-south shifts in the Intertropical...
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Ano: 2013 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00181/29235/27640.pdf
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Terrestrial plant microfossils in palaeoenvironmental studies, pollen, microcharcoal and phytolith. Towards a comprehensive understanding of vegetation, fire and climate changes over the past one million years 5
Daniau, Anne-laure; Desprat, Stéphanie; Aleman, Julie C.; Bremond, Laurent; Davis, Basil; Fletcher, William; Marlon, Jennifer R.; Marquer, Laurent; Montade, Vincent; Morales-molino, César; Naughton, Filipa; Rius, Damien; Urrego, Dunia H..
The Earth has experienced large changes in global and regional climates over the past one million years. Understanding processes and feedbacks that control those past environmental changes is of great interest for better understanding the nature, direction and magnitude of current climate change, its effect on life, and on the physical, biological and chemical processes and ecosystem services important for human well-being. Microfossils from terrestrial plants – pollen, microcharcoal and phytoliths – preserved in terrestrial and marine sedimentary archives are particularly useful tools to document changes in vegetation, fire and land climate. They are well-preserved in a variety of depositional environments and provide quantitative reconstructions of past...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pollen; Microcharcoal; Phytolith; Terrestrial and marine sedimentary archives; Vegetation; Fire; Middle Pleistocene; Last glacial period; Holocene.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00485/59705/83610.pdf
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