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Regionalisation of the Mediterranean basin, a MERMEX synthesis ArchiMer
Ayata, Sakina-dorothee; Irisson, Jean-olivier; Aubert, Anais; Berline, Leo; Dutay, Jean-claude; Mayot, Nicolas; Nieblas, Anne-elise; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Palmieri, Julien; Reygondeau, Gabriel; Rossi, Vincent; Guieu, Cecile.
Regionalisation aims at delimiting provinces within which physical conditions, chemical properties, and biological communities are reasonably homogeneous. This article proposes a synthesis of the many recent regionalisations of the open-sea regions of the Mediterranean Sea. The nine studies considered here defined regions based on different, and sometimes complementary, criteria: dynamics of surface chlorophyll concentration, ocean currents, three-dimensional hydrological and biogeochemical properties, or the distribution of organisms. Although they identified different numbers and patterns of homogeneous regions, their compilation in the epipelagic zone identifies nine consensus frontiers, eleven consensus regions with relatively homogeneous conditions,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mediterranean Sea; Regionalisation; Biogeochemistry; Circulation; Mesoscale features; Epipelagic ocean; Management; Spatial planning.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00405/51673/52221.pdf
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Interannual variability of the Mediterranean trophic regimes from ocean color satellites ArchiMer
Mayot, Nicolas; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; D'Alcala, Maurizio Ribera; Lavigne, Heloise; Claustre, Herve.
D'Ortenzio and Ribera d'Alcalà (2009, DR09 hereafter) divided the Mediterranean Sea into "bioregions" based on the climatological seasonality (phenology) of phytoplankton. Here we investigate the interannual variability of this bioregionalization. Using 16 years of available ocean color observations (i.e. SeaWiFS and MODIS), we analyzed the spatial distribution of the DR09 trophic regimes on an annual basis. Additionally, we identified new trophic regimes, with seasonal cycles of phytoplankton biomass different from the DR09 climatological description and named "Anomalous". Overall, the classification of the Mediterranean phytoplankton phenology proposed by DR09 (i.e. "No Bloom", "Intermittently", "Bloom" and "Coastal"), is confirmed to be representative...
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Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00309/42044/41346.pdf
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The Mediterranean subsurface phytoplankton dynamics and their impact on Mediterranean bioregions ArchiMer
Palmiéri, Julien; Dutay, Jean-claude; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Houpert, Loïc; Mayot, Nicolas; Bopp, Laurent.
Ocean bioregions are generally defined using remotely-sensed sea surface chlorophyll fields, based on the assumption that surface chlorophyll is representative of euphotic layer phytoplankton biomass. Here we investigate the impact of subsurface phytoplankton dynamics on the characterisation of ocean bioregions. The Mediterranean Sea is known for its contrasting bioregimes despite its limited area, and represents an appropriate case for this study. We modelled this area using a high resolution regional dynamical model, NEMO-MED12, coupled to a biogeochemical model, PISCES, and focused our analysis on the bioregions derived from lower trophic levels. Validated by satellite and Biogeochemical-Argo float observations, our model shows that chlorophyll...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00471/58219/60723.pdf
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Hydrography and biogeochemistry dedicated to the Mediterranean BGC-Argo network during a cruise with RV Tethys 2 in May 2015 ArchiMer
Taillandier, Vincent; Wagener, Thibaut; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Mayot, Nicolas; Legoff, Herve; Ras, Josephine; Coppola, Laurent; Pasqueron De Fommervault, Orens; Schmechtig, Catherine; Diamond, Emilie; Bittig, Henry; Lefevre, Dominique; Leymarie, Edouard; Poteau, Antoine; Prieur, Louis.
We report on data from an oceanographic cruise, covering western, central and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, on the French research vessel Tethys 2 in May 2015. This cruise was fully dedicated to the maintenance and the metrological verification of a biogeochemical observing system based on a fleet of BGC-Argo floats. During the cruise, a comprehensive data set of parameters sensed by the autonomous network was collected. The measurements include ocean currents, seawater salinity and temperature, and concentrations of inorganic nutrients, dissolved oxygen and chlorophyll pigments. The analytical protocols and data processing methods are detailed, together with a first assessment of the calibration state for all the sensors deployed during the...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00677/78943/81333.pdf
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Multiscale Observations of Deep Convection in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea During Winter 2012-2013 Using Multiple Platforms ArchiMer
Testor, Pierre; Bosse, Anthony; Houpert, Loic; Margirier, Felix; Mortier, Laurent; Legoff, Herve; Dausse, Denis; Labaste, Matthieu; Karstensen, Johannes; Hayes, Daniel; Olita, Antonio; Ribotti, Alberto; Schroeder, Katrin; Chiggiato, Jacopo; Onken, Reiner; Heslop, Emma; Mourre, Baptiste; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Mayot, Nicolas; Lavigne, Heloise; De Fommervault, Orens; Coppola, Laurent; Prieur, Louis; Taillandier, Vincent; De Madron, Xavier Durrieu; Bourrin, Francois; Many, Gael; Damien, Pierre; Estournel, Claude; Marsaleix, Patrick; Taupier-letage, Isabelle; Raimbault, Patrick; Waldman, Robin; Bouin, Marie-noelle; Giordani, Herve; Caniaux, Guy; Somot, Samuel; Ducrocq, Veronique; Conan, Pascal.
During winter 2012-2013, open-ocean deep convection which is a major driver for the thermohaline circulation and ventilation of the ocean, occurred in the Gulf of Lions (Northwestern Mediterranean Sea) and has been thoroughly documented thanks in particular to the deployment of several gliders, Argo profiling floats, several dedicated ship cruises, and a mooring array during a period of about a year. Thanks to these intense observational efforts, we show that deep convection reached the bottom in winter early in February 2013 in a area of maximum 28±3 109m9. We present new quantitative results with estimates of heat and salt content at the sub-basin scale at different time scales (on the seasonal scale to a ten days basis) through optimal interpolation...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean observation; Oceanic deep convection; Mediterranean Sea; Energy and buoyancy fluxes; Eddies; Plumes; Symmetric instability.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00415/52639/53494.pdf
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