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Registros recuperados: 93
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Determinants of Meats Purchase Behavior by Ethnic Groups AgEcon
Garcia-Jimenez, Carlos I.; Mishra, Ashok K..
Farmers and food companies need to assess their production and marketing strategies for nurturing business opportunities that will arise from the simultaneous increase in population and income of Hispanics in the United States. Previous studies on demand for meat products have not received much attention on the determinants of meats purchase behavior by Hispanics in relation to other ethnic groups. This study investigates the impact of ethnicity and the determinants of meats purchase behavior in the U.S. by using single Probit equations. The analyzed data comes from the U.S. Consumer Expenditure Survey. The results indicate that ethnicity plays an important role in the purchase behavior of meat products, as well as household size and income.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer behavior; Marketing; Food demand; Hispanic food; Hispanic food market; Latin foods; Comida latina; Alimentos; Ethnic foods; Agribusiness; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Industrial Organization; Marketing; D01; D03; D12; L14; L66; M31; M37.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61073
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Homogeneity of Farm Labor: A Dual Approach AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Gillespie, Jeffrey M..
The assumption of homogeneity between family and hired farm labor is common in farm labor research. Controlling for region and farm size, this study employs a seemingly unrelated regression analysis to jointly estimate a translog cost function and factor cost shares to determine the elasticity of substitution between hired and family farm labor. The results show an evidence of heterogeneity of farm labor in both cash grain and hog farms in the U.S. There is further evidence that the elasticity of substitution is unitary and the cost minimizing ratio of hired and family labor is not independent of time. Regional factors were found to have little effect on the substitutability of farm labor, whereas farm size was found to have a significant influence on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98754
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The Impact of Participation in Cooperatives on the Success of Small Farms AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Tegegne, Fisseha; Sandretto, Carmen L..
This study identifies and analyzes factors that contribute to the success of small farms. Particular attention is given to the effect of participation in marketing and supply cooperatives on the success of small farms. Using modified net farm income per dollar of assets and operator’s labor and management income as measures of success, results show participation in marketing and supply cooperatives is positively correlated with success. Further, analysis findings indicate farm size, controlling for variable and fixed costs, type of ownership, management strategies used, working off the farm, and age of the operator are important factors that influence profitability (modified net farm income per dollar of assets and operator’s labor and management income)...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Management strategies; Marketing; Small farms; Success; Supply cooperative; Agribusiness; Marketing.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59604
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Dimensions of Wealth Dispersion Among Farm Operator Households: An Assessment of the Impact of Farm Subsidies AgEcon
El-Osta, Hisham S.; Mishra, Ashok K..
This paper uses microlevel data from the Agricultural Resource Management Survey to examine the changes in the distributions of household wealth and to assess the role farm subsidies play, among other factors, in affecting these distributions. The empirical analysis relies on the concept of the adjusted Gini coefficient and on fixed-effect regression procedures. Coefficients from fixed-effect estimation indicate a negative correlation between government payments and wealth dispersion, with the effect shifting toward more of a positive relation when government payments were allowed to interact with regional dummies.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Adjusted Gini coefficient; Agricultural Resource Management Survey; Fixed-effects regression; Government subsidies; Life cycle; Wealth dispersion; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; C33; D31; D63; O18; Q15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43733
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SUCCESSION IN FAMILY FARM BUSINESS: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM THE U.S. FARM SECTOR AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; El-Osta, Hisham S.; Johnson, James D..
Survival of many family farms is dependent on successful intergenerational transfer. Given the importance of succession in the farm sector, the purpose of this paper is to examine factors that are likely to influence succession decisions on U.S. farms. The paper uses 2001 ARMS data and a multinomial Logit (MNL) regression to estimate family succession, non-family succession, and farm exit decisions of farm households in the U.S. Model choice and specification issues are discussed. Results indicate that operator’'s education, household wealth, growth in farm size, and farm debt are important factors that determine succession decisions. Additionally, farm specialization is taken into consideration when farm operators make their succession plans.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20114
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Revenue Insurance and Chemical Input Use Rates AgEcon
Nimon, R. Wesley; Mishra, Ashok K..
Using farm level data and a simultaneous probit model we evaluate the input use and environmental effects of revenue insurance. A priori, the moral hazard effect on input use is indeterminate and this study empirically assesses the input use impact of the increasingly popular, and federally subsidized, risk management instrument of revenue insurance. We conclude that the moral hazard effect of federally subsidized revenue insurance products induces U.S. wheat farmers to increase expenditures on pesticides and reduce expenditures on fertilizers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20669
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Technology Adoption and Off-Farm Household Income: The Case of Herbicide-Tolerant Soybeans AgEcon
Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge; Hendricks, Chad; Mishra, Ashok K..
We model the interaction of off-farm work and adoption of agricultural technologies and the impact of adopting these technologies on farm household income from on farm and off-farm sources after controlling for such interaction, and estimate the model for the case of adoption of herbicide-tolerant (HT) soybeans using a nationwide survey of soybean farms for 2000. We find that adoption of HT soybeans is positively and significantly related to off-farm household income for U.S. soybean farmers, after controlling for other factors. In addition, while on-farm household income is not significantly related to adoption, total household income increases significantly with adoption.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural household model; Biotechnology; Herbicide tolerant soybeans; Off-farm income; Technology adoption; O33; Q12.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43487
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EFFECT OF DEBT SOLVENCY ON FARMLAND VALUES: A PANEL COINTEGRATION APPROACH AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Moss, Charles B.; Erickson, Kenneth W..
Farmland values in the United States represent a major component of the farm sector balance sheet. The linkage between farmland values and agricultural debt has typically been ignored in the literature. This paper attempts to make two contributions to our understanding of farmland prices. First, building on established literature, this study examines the role of debt solvency and government payments in farmland valuation. Second, from a methodological standpoint, this study incorporates both the nonstationarity dimension of farmland prices and the panel structure of the data relying on recent advances in econometric literature.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20261
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Net Effect of Education on Technology Adoption by U.S. Farmers AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K..
The objective of this study is to estimate the net effect of education on technology adoption for U.S. farmers. Using 2006 Agricultural Resource Management Survey data, this study develops a simultaneous equations model to integrate farmers’ labor allocation decision with adoption of both time saving and management intensive technologies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Education; Technology adoption; Off-farm labor supply; Precision farming; Genetically modified crops; Simultaneous equations model; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; Q10; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56450
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ECONOMIC OUTLOOK FOR FARM HOUSEHOLDS AND THEIR FARMING ESTABLISHMENTS AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Johnson, James D..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33134
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What Drives Agricultural Profitability in the U.S.: Application of the DuPont Expansion Model AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Harris, James Michael; Erickson, Kenneth W.; Hallahan, Charles B..
This study uses a financial approach based on the DuPont expansion to examine the significance of specialization and vertical integration on domestic agriculture. The traditional DuPont Expansion decomposes the rate of return to equity into asset efficiency, gross margins, and solvency. We hypothesize that agricultural specialization directly affects the asset efficiency and gross margin of the farm. Specifically, specialization would tend to decrease asset efficiency while increasing the gross margin. On the other hand, vertical integration may affect the gross margin and solvency directly. The effect on solvency would result from the integrator’s use of credit as an incentive. However, the general type of agricultural enterprise integrated may also...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6413
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DECOMPOSITION OF VARIABILITY IN ASSETS AND DEBT OF FARM HOUSEHOLDS IN THE U.S. AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; El-Osta, Hisham S..
The study measures how much of the variability in farm household assets and debt are attributed to the variability in farm and non-farm assets and farm and non-farm debt. Using a normalized variance decomposition approach and data from the Agricultural Resource Management Study (ARMS) survey, results show that origin of assets and debt variability differs with farm size and location of the farm household.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20608
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AN ANALYSIS OF THE GOVERNMENT PAYMENT PROGRAM IN US AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Gulati, Sumeet; Mishra, Ashok K..
In an analysis of the determinants of government payments to a farm the paper finds cropping patterns, soil productivity, and more importantly human capital variables such as education, and age as significant. While analyzing the effect of government payments on the profit efficiency of agriculture the paper finds that the inclusion of government payments does not cause structural change in US agriculture (i.e., a change in returns to scale of the underlying technology). Nevertheless, the paper does find evidence of an indirect effect of government payments on efficiency. Farms that received greater government payments on aggregate were more efficient than other farms.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15837
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CHANGES IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF FARM WEALTH IN THE UNITED STATES AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Moss, Charles B.; Erickson, Kenneth W..
This paper examines the changes in the farm sector wealth from 1950 through 1999. The study uses Theil's entropy-based measure of inequality of farm equity by ten regions of the U.S. The entropy-measure is then used to decompose U.S. inequality into within-region and between-region differences. Results show that for the period 1950 to 1993, relative to the number of farms per state, farm wealth in the U.S. became more equally distributed. Further, results show that inequality in wealth may be on the rise in recent years. Key words: inequality, Theil's entropy, farm equity, regional decomposition.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Inequality; Theil; Farm equity; Regional decomposition.; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36079
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Precision Agriculture Technology Adoption for Cotton Production AgEcon
Paxton, Kenneth W.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Chintawar, Sachin; Larson, James A.; Roberts, Roland K.; English, Burton C.; Lambert, Dayton M.; Marra, Michele C.; Larkin, Sherry L.; Reeves, Jeanne M.; Martin, Steven W..
Many studies on the adoption of precision technologies have generally used logit models to explain the adoption behavior of individuals. This study investigates factors affecting the number of specific types of precision agriculture technologies adopted by cotton farmers. Particular attention is given to the influence of spatial yield variability on the number of precision farming technologies adopted, using a Count data estimation procedure and farm-level data. Results indicate that farmers with more within-field yield variability adopted a larger number of precision agriculture technologies. Younger and better educated producers and the number of precision agriculture technologies were significantly correlated. Finally, farmers using computers for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Precision technologies; Poisson; Negative Binomial; Count-data method; GIS; Education; Cotton; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56486
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Policy Interactions at the Farm Level: An Evaluation of Participation in the Conservation Reserve Program and Related Policy Decisions AgEcon
Goodwin, Barry K.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Kimhi, Ayal.
We evaluate participation in the Conservation Reserve Program and its relationship with time allocation and farm structure. We do not find a statistically significant link between enrollment of acreage in the CRP program and off-farm work effort. We do find important linkages among time allocation and farm structure.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9719
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Internet Access and Internet Purchasing Patterns of Farm Households AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Williams, Robert P.; Detre, Joshua D..
The Internet is becoming an increasingly important management tool in production agriculture. Using data from the 2004 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) and a double-hurdle estimation approach, we explore the adoption of computers with Internet access by and Internet purchasing patterns of farm households. Adoption of the Internet is positively related to age and education of the operator, off-farm work, presence of spouse, participation in government programs, farm size, and regional location of the farm. Internet purchasing patterns of farm households are positively related to the education of the operator and spouse, presence of teenagers, and regional location of the farm. Finally, farm businesses and their households are more likely to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Adoption of Internet; Education; Farm size; Farm households; Internet; Double-hurdle model; Farm business; Major household items; Minor farm inputs; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55545
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Reasons for Adopting Precision Farming: A Case Study of U.S. Cotton Farmers AgEcon
Pandit, Mahesh; Mishra, Ashok K.; Paudel, Krishna P.; Larkin, Sherry L.; Rejesus, Roderick M.; Lambert, Dayton M.; English, Burton C.; Larson, James A.; Velandia, Margarita M.; Roberts, Roland K.; Kotsiri, Sofia.
We used survey data collected from cotton farmers in 12 southern U.S. states to identify factors influencing cotton farmers’ decisions to adopt precision farming. Using a seemingly unrelated ordered probit model, we found that younger, educated and computer literate farmers chose precision farming for profit reason. Farmers who perceived precision farming to be profitable adopt it to be at the forefront of agricultural technology. We also found that farmers who were concerned with environment emphasize precision farming adoption as a reason to improve environmental quality. Our results also indicate that farmers in coastal states such as Alabama, Mississippi, and North Carolina chose environmental benefits as a reason for precision farming technology...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Precision technologies; Seemingly unrelated ordered probit; Cotton; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Q16; C35.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98575
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Are Organic Farmers Really Better Off Than Conventional Farmers? AgEcon
Hiroki, Uematsu; Mishra, Ashok K..
We employed the propensity score matching and estimated the causal effect of being certified organic crop producers on farm household income and its various components in the United States. Contrary to the standard assumption in economic analysis, certified organic farmers do not earn significantly higher household income than conventional farmers. Certified organic crop producers earn higher revenue but they incur higher production expenses. In particular, certified organic producers spend significantly more on labor expenses, insurance payments, and marketing charges than conventional farmers. The results suggest that early adopters of organic farmers have done so for non pecuniary reasons and the lack of economic incentives can be an important barrier...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic farming; Propensity score matching; Nearest neighbor matching; Average treatment effect; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Marketing; Q10; Q13; J43; C21.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103862
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Farm Operator Benefits from Direct Marketing Strategies: How Does Local Food Impact Farm Financial Performance? AgEcon
Park, Timothy A.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Wozniak, Shawn J..
In the era of a global economy, farmers face increasing pressure in developing a portfolio of various marketing channels. However, the literature on direct marketing strategies has mainly focused on consumers. Using farm-level data this study investigates factors associated with the choice of three direct marketing strategies. We apply a selectivity based approach for the multinomial logit model to assess the relationship between the choice of direct sales marketing strategy on the financial performance of the business. Findings from this study suggest that obtaining an Internet connection and accessing the Internet for farm commerce increases the likelihood of using intermediated marketing outlets. Using the Internet for farm commerce and operating...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Direct marketing outlets; Multinomial logit; Farm sales; Selectivity correction; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103756
Registros recuperados: 93
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