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Registros recuperados: 93
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EXAMINING THE CRB INDEX AS AN INDICATOR FOR U.S. INFLATION AgEcon
Acharya, Ram N.; Gentle, Paul F.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Paudel, Krishna P..
This paper analyzes historical movements in the commodity futures market and the relationship to inflation. Specifically, the relationship between the Commodity Research Bureau (CRB) Index and United States inflation is investigated. It is said that the relationship between the CRB index and the U.S. inflation rate was greater in the some periods than in another period. Then in recent times the CRB Index has proven to be a reliable early indicator of inflation. As the composition of the United States economy changes, the Commodity Research Bureau must make adjustments in order to provide a viable service.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CRB index; Commodities Research Bureau; Inflation; Vector Autoregression; Marketing; Public Economics; E00; E30.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6760
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Adoption of Technology and Its Impact on Profitability of Young and Beginning Farmers: A Quantile Regression Approach AgEcon
Adhikari, Arun; Mishra, Ashok K.; Chintawar, Sachin.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; Technology; Profitability; GM crops; Quantile Regression; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46830
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Access of Farm Households to Health Care AgEcon
Ahearn, Mary Clare; Mishra, Ashok K..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93838
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Perception of Decoupled Government Payments: Evidence from a National Survey AgEcon
Ahmadov, Fariz; Mishra, Ashok K.; Barnett, Barry J..
Based on results from a national survey, this study examines how farm households say that they used (or would use) government transfers distributed in the form of direct fixed payments. In addition, the study examines what factors best explain farm household decisions regarding how fixed payment proceeds are used.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35473
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The Impact of Adoption of Genetically Modified Corn on the Off-Farm Labor Supply in the United States AgEcon
Chintawar, Sachin; Mishra, Ashok K.; Gillespie, Jeffrey M..
With the production and cropping efficiency gains from adoption of Genetically Modified (GM) corn, the number of acres planted has increased steadily over the past decade. Also, the adoption of GM crops in general has an impact on the labor allocation decisions of farm operators. Using a large sample of Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) data, we estimate a two-stage left-censored simultaneous Tobit model to estimate the impact of adoption of GM corn on the off-farm labor supply of farm operators. Results indicate that the adoption of GM corn has had a negative and significant impact on the off-farm labor supply.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; GM corn; Off farm labor; Two-stage left-censored simultaneous Tobit; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46832
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Health Insurance and Joint Off‐Farm Labor Allocation Decisions of Farm Families AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K..
Contact author to request a copy of this paper.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Health insurance coverage; Endogeneity; Copula; Off-farm labor supply; Dependence; Bivariate tobit; Coupled farm programs payments; Decoupled farm program payments; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; Public Economics; C34; I13; J12; J22; J38; J43; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119646
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Assessing Participation in the Milk Income Loss Contract Program and its Impact on Milk Production AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K..
The MILC program, a counter-cyclical income support program, was designed to provide price support to dairy farmers. Since the inception of the MILC program it has been argued that the program is inefficient and rewards inefficiency by keeping high cost, small dairy farms in business. Large dairy producers have expressed concerns that the MILC payments have negatively affected their farming income. Using farm-level, ARMS data from 2005, this study investigated the factors that affect farmer’s decision to participate in MILC program and if participation in MILC has an impact on milk production. The results show that participation in MILC program is positively correlated with farmer’s educational attainment, organic certification subsidy, milk price,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dairy farms; Agricultural policy; Milk Income Loss Contract Program; Two-step probit estimation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Livestock Production/Industries; H20; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103775
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Agricultural Policy and Its Impact on Labor Migration from Agriculture AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K..
Recent generations of farmers have experienced considerable difficulties earning a consistent living wage to support the needs of themselves and their families. To meet these needs, many farmers and their spouses have increasingly left the agricultural industry to seek employment. Previous studies have found government policies intended to slow the migration of labor from agriculture have little influence. Using an autoregressive distributed lag model and adjusting for non-stationary variables in the labor migration equation, direct government payments were found to have a negative and significant effect on labor migration from agriculture.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Labor; Government Payments; Time Series; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56426
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Predicting Financial Stress in Young and Beginning Farmers in the United States AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Chintawar, Sachin.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Financial stress; Young and Beginning farmers; Farm type; Farming regions; Operating leverage; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46861
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Homogeneity of Farm Labor: A Dual Approach AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Gillespie, Jeffrey M..
The assumption of homogeneity between family and hired farm labor is common in farm labor research. Controlling for region and farm size, this study employs a seemingly unrelated regression analysis to jointly estimate a translog cost function and factor cost shares to determine the elasticity of substitution between hired and family farm labor. The results show an evidence of heterogeneity of farm labor in both cash grain and hog farms in the U.S. There is further evidence that the elasticity of substitution is unitary and the cost minimizing ratio of hired and family labor is not independent of time. Regional factors were found to have little effect on the substitutability of farm labor, whereas farm size was found to have a significant influence on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98754
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Farmers’ Perception of Precision Technology: The Case of Autosteer Adoption by Cotton Farmers AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Powell, Rebekah R.; Martin, Steven W..
Precision agriculture and autosteer technology are, overall, profitable investments for farmers, as previous literature has established. However, what has not been investigated is whether or not farmers perceive these technologies as such. This research postulates that cotton farmers must see potential for higher profits as a result of adopting precision technologies in order to adopt it. Using the 2009 Southern Cotton Precision Farming Survey and multinomial logit model, this research investigates farmers’ perception of precision agriculture and how those perceptions impact adoption of the autosteer GPS guidance system. Autosteer adoption was found to be significant and positively related to the perceived future importance of precision agriculture as...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmers’ perception; Precision agriculture; Autosteer; Multinomial logit estimation; Technology adoption; Input cost saving.; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119734
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Precautionary wealth among U.S farm households AgEcon
Dedah, Cheikhna O.; Mishra, Ashok K..
Using a cross sectional farm-level data we find that farm households who face higher income uncertainty save more and accumulate more wealth. Precautionary savings is about 6 percent of the total farm household wealth. In addition to precautionary saving, and consistent with theory we found that the age, education, occupation, and the number of acres operated are all important factors that influence wealth accumulation by U.S farm households.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; Precautionary savings; Wealth; Income risk; Farm households.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46606
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Permanent Income and the Importance of Precautionary Savings: An Instrumental Variable Approach AgEcon
Dedah, Cheikhna O.; Mishra, Ashok K..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49522
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Factors Affecting the Adoption of Genetically Modified Crops by Young and Beginning U.S. Farmers and Ranchers AgEcon
Detre, Joshua D.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Adhikari, Arun.
The comprehensive set of programs in the 2008 Farm Bill designed to support Young and Beginning Farmers and Ranchers (YBFR), combined with a substantial amount of resources allocated to each of these programs, can be viewed as an investment in ensuring the future sustainability of the U.S. agriculture system. Understanding the factors that influence YBFR to adopt technology will become increasingly important if YBFR are to succeed. Of particular interest is why YBFR adopt Bt corn, Bt cotton, and HT soybeans. Results conform to a majority of our a priori expectations; YBFRs are more likely to adopt GM crops if they are not a full owner of the farm operation, as sales of the farm operation grow, if the crop is important to their region, and as they become...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96377
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Impact of Program Payments on Time Allocation and Farm Household Income AgEcon
Dewbre, Joe; Mishra, Ashok K..
Using a model farm household resource allocation and data from the USDA-ERS Agricultural Resources Management Survey (ARMS), this study compares the effects of various categories of farm program payments on time allocation by farm operators and spouses. Results suggest that agricultural market transition payments (AMTA) increase leisure hours of both farm operators and spouses. Loan deficiency payments (LDP) and payments that combine market loan assistance (MLA) and disaster payments are shown to reduce leisure. The study also finds that AMTA payments exhibit a much higher degree of income transfer efficiency than the LDP and MLA payments.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Resource Management Survey; Decoupled payments; Government programs; Income transfer efficiency; Time allocation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; D13; J22; Q12; Q22.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6296
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FARM HOUSEHOLD INCOMES AND U.S. GOVERNMENT PROGRAM PAYMENT AgEcon
Dewbre, Joe; Mishra, Ashok K..
This paper assesses the impacts of government program payments made to US farmers under selected programs. Using a model of farm household resource allocation and data from the USDA-ERS ARMS survey, the analysis considers the effects of the various kinds of program payments on the time allocation of farm operators and spouses and on farm household income.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19780
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Dimensions of Wealth Dispersion Among Farm Operator Households: An Assessment of the Impact of Farm Subsidies AgEcon
El-Osta, Hisham S.; Mishra, Ashok K..
This paper uses microlevel data from the Agricultural Resource Management Survey to examine the changes in the distributions of household wealth and to assess the role farm subsidies play, among other factors, in affecting these distributions. The empirical analysis relies on the concept of the adjusted Gini coefficient and on fixed-effect regression procedures. Coefficients from fixed-effect estimation indicate a negative correlation between government payments and wealth dispersion, with the effect shifting toward more of a positive relation when government payments were allowed to interact with regional dummies.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Adjusted Gini coefficient; Agricultural Resource Management Survey; Fixed-effects regression; Government subsidies; Life cycle; Wealth dispersion; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; C33; D31; D63; O18; Q15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43733
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ADOPTION AND ECONOMIC IMPACT OF SITE-SPECIFIC TECHNOLOGIES IN U.S. AGRICULTURE AgEcon
El-Osta, Hisham S.; Mishra, Ashok K..
A Heckman's two-stage method is used in conjunction with data from the 1998 Agricultural Resource Management Study to estimate the likelihood of adopting a variable rate application technology (VRT) and the impact of such adoption on the per-acre costs of fertilizers and lime in cash grain production. Results highlight the importance of operator's level of human capital and attitude toward risk, along with size and location of farm in impacting VRT adoption decisions. Results also indicate no significant cost-savings attributable to VRT adoption.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20593
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REGIONAL CHANGES IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF NET VALUE ADDED IN U.S. AGRICULTURE, 1960-2002 AgEcon
Erickson, Kenneth W.; Blank, Steven C.; Moss, Charles B.; Mishra, Ashok K..
This paper examines the effects of structural changes on the distribution of net value added and the difference between net value added and agricultural income over time. We present and discuss the changes in the distribution of net value added (land, labor, capital, and farm operator income) over time. Net value added by U.S. agriculture grew significantly from $18 billion to 1960 to $95 billion in 1996. We examine regional differences in net value added using the Theil entropy measure. The inequality (dispersion) of net value added increased over time. The increased inequality represented both increases in regional dispersion in net value added and increases in the average inequality in net value added in each region. Thus, the net value added is...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36232
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RATES OF RETURN IN THE FARM AND NON-FARM SECTORS: A TIME SERIES COMPARISON AgEcon
Erickson, Kenneth W.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Moss, Charles B..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36148
Registros recuperados: 93
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