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Chemicals sorbed to environmental microplastics are toxic to early life stages of aquatic organisms 5
Cormier, Bettie; Gambardella, Chiara; Tato, Tania; Perdriat, Quentin; Costa, Elisa; Veclin, Cloé; Le Bihanic, Florane; Grassl, Bruno; Dubocq, Florian; Kärrman, Anna; Van Arkel, Kim; Lemoine, Soazig; Lagarde, Fabienne; Morin, Benedicte; Garaventa, Francesca; Faimali, Marco; Cousin, Xavier; Bégout, Marie-laure; Beiras, Ricardo; Cachot, Jerome.
Microplastics are ubiquitous in aquatic ecosystems, but little information is currently available on the dangers and risks to living organisms. In order to assess the ecotoxicity of environmental microplastics (MPs), samples were collected from the beaches of two islands in the Guadeloupe archipelago, Petit-Bourg (PB) located on the main island of Guadeloupe and Marie-Galante (MG) on the second island of the archipelago. These samples have a similar polymer composition with mainly polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP). However, these two samples are very dissimilar with regard to their contamination profile and their toxicity. MPs from MG contain more lead, cadmium and organochlorine compounds while those from PB have higher levels of copper, zinc and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Environmental microplastics; Leachates; Early life stages; Aquatic organisms; Toxicity.
Ano: 2021 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00661/77276/78711.pdf
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Developmental toxicity of PAH mixtures in fish early life stages. Part II: adverse effects in Japanese medaka 5
Le Bihanic, Florane; Clerandeau, Christelle; Le Menach, Karyn; Morin, Benedicte; Budzinski, Helene; Cousin, Xavier; Cachot, Jerome.
In aquatic environments, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) mostly occur as complex mixtures, for which risk assessment remains problematic. To better understand the effects of PAH mixture toxicity on fish early life stages, this study compared the developmental toxicity of three PAH complex mixtures. These mixtures were extracted from a PAH-contaminated sediment (Seine estuary, France) and two oils (Arabian Light and Erika). For each fraction, artificial sediment was spiked at three different environmental concentrations roughly equivalent to 0.5, 4, and 10 μg total PAH g−1 dw. Japanese medaka embryos were incubated on these PAH-spiked sediments throughout their development, right up until hatching. Several endpoints were recorded at different...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Developmental abnormalities; Comet assay; Micronucleus assay; Larvae locomotion; Oil extract; Pyrolytic extract; Medaka embryo-larval assay.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29920/28385.pdf
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Developmental toxicity of PAH mixtures in fish early life stages. Part I: adverse effects in rainbow trout 5
Le Bihanic, Florane; Morin, Benedicte; Cousin, Xavier; Le Menach, Karyn; Budzinski, Helene; Cachot, Jerome.
A new gravel-contact assay using rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, embryos was developed to assess the toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and other hydrophobic compounds. Environmentally realistic exposure conditions were mimicked with a direct exposure of eyed rainbow trout embryos incubated onto chemical-spiked gravels until hatching at 10 °C. Several endpoints were recorded including survival, hatching delay, hatching success, biometry, developmental abnormalities, and DNA damage (comet and micronucleus assays). This bioassay was firstly tested with two model PAHs, fluoranthene and benzo[a]pyrene. Then, the method was applied to compare the toxicity of three PAH complex mixtures characterized by different PAH compositions: a pyrolytic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PAH mixture; Oil extract; Pyrolytic extract; Embryotoxicity; Developmental defects; Genotoxicity.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29919/28384.pdf
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Environmental concentrations of benz[a]anthracene induce developmental defects and DNA damage and impair photomotor response in Japanese medaka larvae 5
Le Bihanic, Florane; Sommard, Vivien; De Lansalut, Perrine; Pichon, Anaïk; Grasset, Julie; Berrada, Saadia; Budzinski, Helene; Cousin, Xavier; Morin, Benedicte; Cachot, Jerome.
Benz[a]anthracene (BaA) is a ubiquitous polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon found in numerous aquatic ecosystems. However, ecotoxicological data in aquatic organisms are scarce. To remedy this lack of data, Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) embryos were exposed to BaA and toxic effects were investigated at multiple toxicological endpoints. Japanese medaka embryos were incubated onto BaA-spiked artificial sediment for 9 days at low or moderate environmental concentrations ranging from 0.9 to 12 µg g−1 dw. BaA-exposed embryos exhibited significant tachycardia. BaA exposure was also shown to increase CYP1A activity in the hepato-biliary tissue as well as craniofacial deformities and DNA damage in pro-larvae. The photomotor response of BaA-exposed larvae was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Benz[a]anthracene; Spiked sediment; Teratogenicity; DNA damage; Swimming behavior; In vivo EROD activity.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00244/35513/34729.pdf
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