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Registros recuperados: 58
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GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS TO FARMERS AND REAL AGRICULTURAL ASSET VALUES IN THE 1980S AgEcon
Moss, Charles B.; Shonkwiler, John Scott; Reynolds, John E..
This study determines the effect of government payments on real agricultural asset values using Bayesian vector autoregression. In developing the empirical model, special attention is focused on the informational content of government payments. The results indicate that government payments to farmers have little effect on real asset values in the long run. In the short run, an increase in government payments to farmers may be associated with decline in asset values.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30097
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DISTORTIONARY IMPACTS OF THE 1982 AND 1986 U.S. TAX CODES ON CAPITAL INVESTMENTS: A CASE STUDY OF INVESTMENT IN ORANGE GROVES AgEcon
Moss, Charles B.; Muraro, Ronald P.; Boggess, William G..
The 1980s have been a period of dramatic change for the income tax code in the United States. Although numerous modifications were considered in policy deliberations, two key goals, the reduction of the importance of tax considerations in investment decisions and tax simplification, emerged from the discussion and guided drafting of the 1986 Tax Reform Act. This study examines the importance of tax considerations in investment decisions under the provisions of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 and its predecessor, the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982. The study then compares the tax liability under these tax codes with a nondistortionary tax scheme. Results indicate that the Tax Reform Act of 1986 reduced the distortionary effects of the tax code...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30090
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QUANTIFYING GAINS TO RISK DIVERSIFICATION USING CERTAINTY EQUIVALENCE IN A MEAN-VARIANCE MODEL: AN APPLICATION TO FLORIDA CITRUS AgEcon
Featherstone, Allen M.; Moss, Charles B..
The marginal benefit and cost of diversification for Florida orange producers is analyzed using certainty equivalents. Results indicate that for moderate and high levels of risk aversion, diversification into strawberry, grapefruit, or additional orange production is not optimal. However, moderately risk averse Florida orange producers can gain by diversifying into grapefruit production if the annual amortized fixed costs can be reduced by as little as 10 percent.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30002
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EFFECT OF DEBT POSITION ON THE CHOICE OF MARKETING STRATEGIES FOR FLORIDA ORANGE GROWERS: A RISK EFFICIENCY APPROACH AgEcon
Moss, Charles B.; Ford, Stephen A.; Castejon, Mario.
This study examined the relationship between debt position and choice of marketing instrument. Specifically, this study employed first and second degree stochastic dominance, and stochastic dominance with respect to a function to determine whether the efficient marketing instrument changes between debt positions. The results indicate that the choice of marketing instrument does vary with debt position in some marketing periods if the decision-maker is moderately risk averse.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30046
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Financial Appraisal of the Banks for Cooperatives AgEcon
Weldon, Richard N.; Srinarni, Endah; Moss, Charles B.; VanSickle, John J..
This study examines the financial situation of the Farm Credit System Banks for Cooperatives using comparative analysis for the period 1978 through 1991. Profitability and leverage measures of the Banks for Cooperatives are compared with similar measures of large commercial banks. The Banks for Cooperatives were found to have performed as well as large commercial banks. Some differences can be explained as compatible with differences in the goals and objectives of a cooperative versus an investor-owned firm. Most differences can be attributed to the financial strength of the Banks for Cooperatives relative to the commercial banking industry.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46400
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The Term Structure of Interest Rates and Net Present Value AgEcon
Weldon, Richard N.; Moss, Charles B..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90644
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Natural Disasters and the Yield Curve of Florida Valencias AgEcon
Zanzig, Blair; Moss, Charles B.; Schmitz, Andrew.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35827
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Review of Present Model Values and Investment Analysis by Lindon J. Robison and Peter J. Berry AgEcon
Moss, Charles B..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90410
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DEMAND FOR NUTRIENTS: THE HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTION APPROACH AgEcon
Chung, Rebecca H.; Lee, Jonq-Ying; Moss, Charles B.; Brown, Mark G..
The household production approach is used to characterize the household's preference toward nutrients in food consumption. Elasticities of substitution and Hicksian price elasticities are estimated, price- and expenditure-nutrient elasticities are calculated. Results show that protein is the most expensive nutrient, and that nutrients played an important role in determining households' food consumption.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20884
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CONVERGENCE OF THE G-7: A COINTEGRATION APPROACH AgEcon
Weatherspoon, Dave D.; Seale, James L., Jr.; Moss, Charles B..
Income convergence among the G-7 countries was demonstrated using Theil's inequality (entropy) index. G-7 convergence was also found for three potential factors of influence on economic growth: government expenditure, investment expenditure, and industrial employment. Pairwise cointegration tests indicated that income inequality was cointegrated with the other three inequality measures for the time period of 1950-88. Finally, Johansen's I(2) multi-cointegration tests indicated that three of the four inequality measures (i.e. income, investment expenditure, and industrial employment) were cointegrated suggesting that there exists a long-run equilibrium between the inequality in income, investment expenditure, and industrial employment.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11675
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VERTICAL INTEGRATION AND TRADE POLICY: THE CASE OF SUGAR AgEcon
Moss, Charles B.; Schmitz, Andrew.
The degree of vertical integration in the U.S. sugar industry between raw sugar processing and sugar refining cannot be explained using theories of vertical integration based on transaction costs (e.g. Williamson). We graphically decompose the economic rents accruing to each level in the marketing channel. Different strategies of several major sugar producing, processing and refining entities with regard to sugar quota policy are explored.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21754
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WHERE IS THE WALRASIAN AUCTIONEER FOR AGRICULTURAL MARKETS? AN EXAMINATION OF THE MARKETING INSTITUTION AgEcon
Moss, Charles B.; Schmitz, Troy G.; Schmitz, Andrew.
In the classical development of economic equilibrium and efficiency, transaction costs are seldom considered. This study develops a micro- market model of an agricultural market based on quality differences. The study then develops a model of market structure based on the New Theory of the Firm. Using the two models, we draw conclusions about economic potential for E-Commerce.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20637
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CHANGES IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF FARM WEALTH IN THE UNITED STATES AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Moss, Charles B.; Erickson, Kenneth W..
This paper examines the changes in the farm sector wealth from 1950 through 1999. The study uses Theil's entropy-based measure of inequality of farm equity by ten regions of the U.S. The entropy-measure is then used to decompose U.S. inequality into within-region and between-region differences. Results show that for the period 1950 to 1993, relative to the number of farms per state, farm wealth in the U.S. became more equally distributed. Further, results show that inequality in wealth may be on the rise in recent years. Key words: inequality, Theil's entropy, farm equity, regional decomposition.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Inequality; Theil; Farm equity; Regional decomposition.; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36079
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RATES OF RETURN IN THE FARM AND NON-FARM SECTORS: A TIME SERIES COMPARISON AgEcon
Erickson, Kenneth W.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Moss, Charles B..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36148
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THE MEASUREMENT OF INEQUALITY IN CANADIAN AND U.S. AGRICULTURAL INCOME BY COMPONENTS OF NET VALUE ADDED AgEcon
Erickson, Kenneth W.; Moss, Charles B.; Mishra, Ashok K..
This paper examines changes in net value added generated through Canadian and U.S. farm production, 1970-2000. We consider how the structural changes in Canadian and U.S. agriculture have affected the size and distribution of net value added and its components: rent, capital, labor, and to net farm income. We use the Theil Measure of Inequality (TMI) to compare and explain changes in 1) the between and within-region distribution of net value added, and 2) changes in the distribution of factor shares of net value added in Canada and in the U.S. Results show that in Canada (1960-2000), net value added has become somewhat more equally distributed relative to the number of farms per province, but has varied widely from 1972-1988. Between-region inequality...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19866
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A Translog Cost Function Analysis of U.S. Agriculture: 1948-1999 AgEcon
Ball, V. Eldon; Nehring, Richard F.; Moss, Charles B.; Erickson, Kenneth W..
This study examines the implications of the short-run specification of the standard, static translog cost function along with the possible implications of non-stationarity by estimating a dynamic translog cost specification complete with dynamic share equations for the U.S. using an empirical approach developed by Urga and Walters (2003). We compare the results of the static, long-run model with those of a dynamic, short-run error-correction model in terms of 1) significance of the parameter estimates, and 2) consistency with economic theory.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35968
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INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS AND THE EMERGENCE OF E-COMMERCE IN AGRIBUSINESS AgEcon
Moss, Charles B.; Schmitz, Troy G.; Kagan, Albert; Schmitz, Andrew.
The emergence of E-commerce in the 1990s heralded the arrival of the New Economy. However, the failure of numerous dotcoms since early 2001 has led to a debate regarding the future direction of E-commerce and its potential relevance for agribusiness. This study examines the economic implications of E-commerce for agribusiness within the framework of New Institutional Economics. The New Institutional Economics implies that E-commerce has the potential to reduce direct transactions costs in agricultural markets, but that it also may add additional indirect transactions costs. Depending upon the tradeoff between these costs, an institutional innovation which reduces the transactions costs may provide the impetus for an alternative marketing channel for...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: E-commerce; Marketing channels; New Institutional Economics; Schumpeter; Agribusiness; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14675
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MODELING SUPPLY RESPONSE IN A MULTIPRODUCT FRAMEWORK REVISITED: THE NEXUS OF EMPIRICS AND ECONOMICS AgEcon
Ball, V. Eldon; Moss, Charles B.; Erickson, Kenneth W.; Nehring, Richard F..
This paper models supply response in U.S. agriculture using disaggregated output data and tests statistically key assumptions traditionally maintained in agricultural supply studies. Following Vasavada and Chambers; Shumway; and Ball, we use U.S.-level data, 1948-1999 to estimate a multiproduct supply response model for U.S. agriculture, and report our preliminary results.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21981
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INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL TRADE DISPUTES: CASE STUDIES IN NORTH AMERICA AgEcon
Moss, Charles B.; Koo, Won W.; Schmitz, Andrew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15687
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The Five Layers of Affluence AgEcon
Theil, Henri; Moss, Charles B.; Chen, Dongling.
Using the Penn World Tables for 1950-1992, we summarize the gross domestic product development of 114 non-Communist countries by means of five regions: the North, the South (“down under”), tropical America plus southwest Asia, southeast Asia, and tropical Africa plus south-central Asia. This five-region classification accounts for >85% of the inequality among the 114 countries during 1961-1986.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: GDP; Income convergence; Inequality; Penn World Tables.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43298
Registros recuperados: 58
Primeira ... 123 ... Última
 

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