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Modeling the U.S. Dairy Sector with Government Intervention AgEcon
Liu, Donald J.; Kaiser, Harry M.; Mount, Timothy D.; Forker, Olan D..
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121543
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AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE U.S. GENERIC DAIRY ADVERTISING PROGRAM USING AN INDUSTRY MODEL AgEcon
Liu, Donald J.; Kaiser, Harry M.; Forker, Olan D.; Mount, Timothy D..
The market impacts of generic dairy advertising are assessed using an industry model which encompasses supply and demand conditions at the retail, wholesale, and farm levels, and government intervention under the dairy price support program. The estimated model is used to simulate price and quantity values for four advertising scenarios: (1) no advertising, (2) historical fluid advertising, (3) historical manufactured advertising, and (4) historical fluid and manufactured advertising. Compared to previous studies, the dairy-industry model provides additional insights into the way generic dairy advertising influences prices and quantities at the retail, wholesale, and farm levels.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28969
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MODELING THE U.S. DAIRY SECTOR WITH GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION AgEcon
Liu, Donald J.; Kaiser, Harry M.; Mount, Timothy D.; Forker, Olan D..
An econometric framework for estimating a two-regime dairy structural system is presented. Failure to account for switching between regimes due to government price intervention raises the problem of selectivity bias. Further, since a structural system of equations is involved, the problem is not limited to the market associated with the intervention. Rather, bias from a single source can distort all equations in the system. The ramifications of not correcting for the bias in policy analyses are investigated.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32602
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Measuring Hicksian Welfare Changes from Marshallian Demand Functions AgEcon
Dumagan, Jesus C.; Mount, Timothy D..
A problem persists in measuring the welfare effects of simultaneous price and income changes because the Hicksian compensating variation (CV) and equivalent variation (EV), while unique, are based on unobservable (Hicksian) demand functions, and observable (Marshallian) demand functions do not necessarily yield a unique Marshallian consumer's surplus (CS). This paper proposes a solution by a Taylor series expansion of the expenditure function to approximate CV and EV by way of the Slutsky equation to transform Hicksian price effects into Marshallian price and income effects. The procedure is contrasted with McKenzie's "money metric" (MM) measure derived from a Taylor series expansion of the indirect utility function. MM requires a crucial assumption about...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123112
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RETHINKING CONTRACTS FOR PURCHASING POWER: THE ECONOMIC ADVANTAGES OF DISPATCHABILITY AgEcon
Dorris, Gary W.; Mount, Timothy D..
The purpose of this article is to evaluate and compare the incremental cost of purchased power from non-utility generators versus utility built generation considering a variety of contracts for energy purchases. Four types of contracts are evaluated: I) Flat Rate Produce and Pay, 2) On-Peak/Off-Peak, 3) Basic Dispatchable, and 4) Actual Cycle Energy Dispatch. The type of contract can affect the competitiveness of electric rates through increased energy production costs as well as increased risks, in terms of financial liability, affecting the cost of debt to the purchasing utility. An analysis conducted for a representative utility calculates the effects of NUG power purchases on a utility's energy production costs and the cost of new debt issuances....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6852
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A NEW ALGORITHM FOR COMPUTING COMPENSATED INCOME FROM ORDINARY DEMAND FUNCTIONS AgEcon
Dumagan, Jesus C.; Mount, Timothy D..
This paper proposes a REversible Second-ORder Taylor (RESORT) expansion of the expenditure function to compute compensated income from ordinary demand functions as an alternative to the algorithm proposed by Vartia. These algorithms provide measures of Hicksian welfare changes and Konus-type cost of living indices. RESORT also validates the results by checking the matrix of compensated price effects. obtained through the Slutsky equation, for symmetry and negative semi-definiteness as required by expenditure minimization. In contrast, Vartia's algorithm provides no validation procedure. RESORT is similar to Vartia's algorithm in using price steps. It computes compensated income at each step "forward" from the initial to the terminal prices, and insures...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6855
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CLIMATE CHANGE AND GRAIN PRODUCTION IN THE UNITED STATES: COMPARING AGRO-CLIMATIC AND ECONOMIC EFFECTS AgEcon
Li, Zhuang; Mount, Timothy D.; Kaiser, Harry M..
The analysis is based on an integrated climatic, agronomic and economic model of grain production in the midwestern region of the U.S. The model represents a typical farm and the objective is to select an optimum combination of cultivars for four crops (maize, soybean, wheat and sorghum) conditionally on climate, soil characteristics and the prices of the four crops. The first part of the analysis uses a complete two-way factorial design to estimate the effects of five climatic and agronomic variables and the four prices on yields, total production and net return. With this design, variability can be allocated uniquely to individual explanatory variables. As expected, prices have little effect on yields. For total production and net return, temperature and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6846
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ALTERNATIVE AUCTION INSTITUTIONS FOR ELECTRIC POWER MARKETS AgEcon
Bernard, John C.; Mount, Timothy D.; Schulze, William D..
Restructuring of electric power markets is proceeding across the United States and in many other nations around the world. The performance of these markets will influence everything from the prices faced by consumers to the reliability of the systems. The challenges of these changes present many important areas for research. For much of the northeastern United States, restructuring proposals include, at least for the short term, the formation of a single-sided auction mechanism for the wholesale market. This research uses experimental methods to analyze how these markets may function. In the experiments, the two basic uniform price auction rules are tested under three different market sizes. Early experimental results suggest the commonly proposed...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31529
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INDUSTRIALIZATION, URBANIZATION, AND LAND USE IN CHINA AgEcon
Zhang, Xiaobo; Mount, Timothy D.; Boisvert, Richard N..
Rapid industrial development and urbanization transfer more and more land away from agricultural production, threatening China’s capability to feed itself. This paper analyzes the determinants of land use by modeling arable land and sown area separately. An inverse U-shaped relationship between land use intensity and industrialization is explored both theoretically and empirically. The findings highlight the conflict between the two policy goals of industrialization and grain self-sufficiency in the end. Several policy recommendations are offered to reconcile the conflict.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16051
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THE DEMAND FOR FOOD GRAIN IN CHINA : NEW INSIGHTS INTO A CONTROVERSY AgEcon
Zhang, Xiaobo; Mount, Timothy D.; Boisvert, Richard N..
There is a substantial controversy in the economics literature over the magnitude of the expenditure elasticity for food grain in China that is caused, to a large extent, by whether time-series or cross-section data are used in the analysis. A set of reasonable elasticities for a complete demand system is estimated by using a panel of county level data in Guangdong Province for the last ten years. The results show that food grain has a small positive income elasticity, implying that food grain is not an inferior good in China. The reason that consumption per capita has not increased during a period of rapid economic growth in income is that the relative prices of the food and non-food substitutes for food grain have decreased.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31606
Registros recuperados: 10
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