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Registros recuperados: 6
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Relation between lipid and fatty acid composition of eggs and larval survival in white pacific shrimp (Penaeus vannamei, Boone, 1931) ArchiMer
Palacios, Elena; Rehault, Jean Pierre; Heras, Horacio; Marty, Yannick; Moal, Jeanne; Samain, Jean-francois.
In this study, lipid classes and fatty acid composition were determined in eggs of P. vannamei as a function of survival to zoea III stage. Spawns were reared individually to zoea III and grouped, according to their final survival to this larval stage, into spawns of high and low survival. Eggs of individual spawns were analyzed for lipid and fatty acid composition of neutral and polar lipids and the results were then grouped according to survival to zoea III. The lipids within each group (high and low survival to zoea III) were pooled for the separation of phospholipids and the analysis of their fatty acid composition. Higher levels of triglycerides, carotenoids, and linoleic (18: 2n-6) acid in eggs were associated with improved survival to zoea III....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Triglycerides; Phospholipid; Larval quality; Larval culture; Carotenoid.
Ano: 2001 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2002/publication-786.pdf
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Lipid composition of the pacific lion-paw scallop, Nodipecten subnodosus, in relation to gametogenesis - 2. Lipid classes and sterols ArchiMer
Palacios, Elena; Racotta, I.s.; Arjona, O; Marty, Y; Le Coz, Jean-rene; Moal, Jeanne; Samain, Jean-francois.
Knowledge on the energy distribution during the reproductive cycle of the giant lion-paw scallop, Nodipecten subnodosus is limited, but necessary for aquaculture purposes. In a previous work, we found that natural food availability can sustain the full cost of gametogenesis in optimal environmental conditions. The present study analyses the lipid and sterol classes' composition of several tissues during gametogenesis. In female gonads, the quantity of triacylglycerol (TG) increased parallel to gametogenesis from December (spawned gonads, 0.7 mg g(-1) or 7% of total lipids) to June (ripe gonads, 52 mg g(-1) or 66% of total lipids). In male gonads sampled in June, the concentration of TG (0.7 mg g(-1) or 3.5% of total lipids) and esterified sterols was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sterol; Reproduction; Phospholipid; Mollusks; Acylglycerides.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2635.pdf
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Lipid composition of the giant lion's-paw scallop (Nodipecten subnodosus) in relation to gametogenesis - I. Fatty acids ArchiMer
Palacios, Elena; Racotta, I; Kraffe, E; Marty, Y; Moal, Jeanne; Samain, Jean-francois.
Seasonal variations in fatty acid composition in several tissues of a 1-year-old population of giant lion's-paw scallop Nodipecten subnodosus were analyzed during gonad development. Samples were taken bimonthly from December 1999 to June 2000, a period in which gonad development was occurring. Fatty acid accumulation in neutral and polar lipids of the female gonad was concomitant to the gonad development and presented a maximum in June. Among essential fatty acids, a specific accumulation was observed only for 20:5n - 3 in the female gonad, as suggested by an increase in its proportion in the neutral and the polar fractions. However, no specific accumulation was observed for 22:6n - 3, as its proportion remained relatively constant in both fractions. We...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Reproduction; Pectinidae; HUFA; EPA; DHA; Arachidonic acid.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-767.pdf
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Effect of diets containing different levels of highly unsaturated fatty acids on physiological and immune responses in Pacific whiteleg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone) exposed to handling stress ArchiMer
Mercier, Laurence; Racotta, Ilie; Yepiz-plascencia, Gloria; Muhlia-almazan, Adriana; Civera, Roberto; Quinones-arreola, Marcos F.; Wille, Mathieu; Sorgeloos, Patrick; Palacios, Elena.
Juveniles fed a diet containing a low or a high level of highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) for 38 days were exposed to handling stress. In a first experiment, stress was applied daily for 30 days, after which the physiological and immunological variables were measured, whereas in a second experiment, stress was applied once and samples were obtained 1 and 24 h after the stressor event. Shrimp that were stressed for 30 days showed significantly lower survival, final weight and feed consumption compared with unstressed shrimp. The concentration of the high-density lipoprotein beta-glucan-binding protein was significantly higher in shrimp fed the high-HUFA diet. The glucose concentration in the haemolymph was significantly higher in long-term stressed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Anion superoxide; Clotting time; Glucose; Haemocyte; HDL-BGBP; HUFA.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00020/13136/11554.pdf
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Effects of Alexandrium minutum exposure upon physiological and hematological variables of diploid and triploid oysters, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Haberkorn, Hansy; Lambert, Christophe; Le Goic, Nelly; Gueguen, Marielle; Moal, Jeanne; Palacios, Elena; Lassus, Patrick; Soudant, Philippe.
The effects of an artificial bloom of the toxin-producing dinoflagellate, Alexandrium minutum, upon physiological parameters of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, were assessed. Diploid and triploid oysters were exposed to cultured A. minutum and compared to control diploid and triploid oysters fed T. Isochrysis. Experiments were repeated twice, in April and mid-May 2007, to investigate effects of maturation stage on oyster responses to A. minutum exposure. Oyster maturation stage, Paralytic Shellfish Toxin (PST) accumulation, as well as several digestive gland and hematological variables, were assessed at the ends of the exposures. In both experiments, triploid oysters accumulated more PSTs (approximately twice) than diploid oysters. Significant...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oysters; Ploidy; Physiology; Harmful-algal bloom; Alexandrium minutum; PST accumulation.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00003/11378/7988.pdf
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The influence of dietary supplementation of arachidonic acid on prostaglandin production and oxidative stress in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Seguineau, Catherine; Racotta, Ilie; Palacios, Elena; Delaporte, Maryse; Moal, Jeanne; Soudant, Philippe.
In a previous study, dietary supplementation with arachidonic acid (ARA) to oysters Crassostrea gigas increased haemocyte numbers, phagocytosis, and production of reactive oxygen species level (ROS) by haemocytes (Delaporte et al., 2006). To assess if the observed stimulation of these cellular responses resulted from changes of ARA-related prostaglandin (PG) production, we analysed prostaglandin E2 metabolite (PGEM) content on the same oysters fed three levels of ARA. Dietary supply of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) could also induce an oxidative stress that could similarly increase cellular responses; therefore, two indicators of oxidative stress were analysed: peroxidation level and antioxidant defence status. Together the observed positive...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Prostaglandins; N-6 unsaturated fatty acids; Lipid peroxidation; Antioxidants; ROS production.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00040/15103/12785.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
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