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Preparing the New Phase of Argo: Scientific Achievements of the NAOS Project ArchiMer
Le Traon, Pierre-yves; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Babin, Marcel; Leymarie, Edouard; Marec, Claudie; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Thierry, Virginie; Cabanes, Cecile; Claustre, Hervé; Desbruyeres, Damien; Lacour, Leo; Lagunas, Jose-luis; Maze, Guillaume; Mercier, Herle; Penkerc'H, Christophe; Poffa, Noe; Poteau, Antoine; Prieur, Louis; Racape, Virginie; Randelhoff, Achim; Rehm, Eric; Schmechtig, Catherine Marie; Taillandier, Vincent; Wagener, Thibaut; Xing, Xiaogang.
Argo, the international array of profiling floats, is a major component of the global ocean and climate observing system. In 2010, the NAOS (Novel Argo Observing System) project was selected as part of the French “Investissements d’Avenir” Equipex program. The objectives of NAOS were to consolidate the French contribution to Argo’s core mission (global temperature and salinity measurements down to 2000 m), and also to develop the future generation of French Argo profiling floats and prepare the next phase of the Argo program with an extension to the deep ocean (Deep Argo), biogeochemistry (BGC-Argo) and polar seas. This paper summarizes how NAOS has met its objectives. The project significantly boosted France’s contribution to Argo’s core mission by...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Profiling floats; Deep ocean; Biogeochemistry; Mediterranean Sea; Arctic; Atlantic; Argo.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00654/76584/77729.pdf
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Arctic mid-winter phytoplankton growth revealed by autonomous profilers ArchiMer
Randelhoff, Achim; Lacour, Léo; Marec, Claudie; Leymarie, Edouard; Lagunas, José; Xing, Xiaogang; Darnis, Gérald; Penkerc’h, Christophe; Sampei, Makoto; Fortier, Louis; D’ortenzio, Fabrizio; Claustre, Hervé; Babin, Marcel.
It is widely believed that during winter and spring, Arctic marine phytoplankton cannot grow until sea ice and snow cover start melting and transmit sufficient irradiance, but there is little observational evidence for that paradigm. To explore the life of phytoplankton during and after the polar night, we used robotic ice-avoiding profiling floats to measure ocean optics and phytoplankton characteristics continuously through two annual cycles in Baffin Bay, an Arctic sea that is covered by ice for 7 months a year. We demonstrate that net phytoplankton growth occurred even under 100% ice cover as early as February and that it resulted at least partly from photosynthesis. This highlights the adaptation of Arctic phytoplankton to extreme low-light...
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Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00652/76416/77468.pdf
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The evolution of light and vertical mixing across a phytoplankton ice-edge bloom ArchiMer
Randelhoff, Achim; Ozierm, Laurent; Massicotte, Philippe; Becu, Guislain; Gali, Marti; Lacour, Leo; Dumont, Dany; Vladoiu, Anda; Marec, Claudie; Bruyant, Flavienne; Houssais, Marie-noelle; Tremblay, Jean-eric; Deslongchamps, Gabriele; Babin, Marcel.
During summer, phytoplankton can bloom in the Arctic Ocean, both in open water and under ice, often strongly linked to the retreating ice edge. There, the surface ocean responds to steep lateral gradients in ice melt, mixing, and light input, shaping the Arctic ecosystem in unique ways not found in other regions of the world ocean. In 2016, we sampled a high-resolution grid of 135 hydrographic stations in Baffin Bay as part of the Green Edge project to study the ice-edge bloom, including turbulent vertical mixing, the under-ice light field, concentrations of inorganic nutrients, and phytoplankton biomass. We found pronounced differences between an Atlantic sector dominated by the warm West Greenland Current and an Arctic sector with surface waters...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Arctic; Phytoplankton; Ice edge; Spring bloom; Light; Turbulence.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00504/61530/65391.pdf
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