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Registros recuperados: 6
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Biodiversity of Cold Seep Ecosystems Along the European Margins ArchiMer
Vanreusel, Ann; Andersen, Ann C.; Boetius, Antje; Connelly, Douglas; Cunha, Marina R.; Decker, Carole; Hilario, Ana; Kormas, Konstantinos Ar.; Maignien, Lois; Olu, Karine; Pachiadaki, Maria; Ritt, Benedicte; Rodrigues, Clara; Sarrazin, Jozee; Tyler, Paul; Van Gaever, Saskia; Vanneste, Heleen.
During the European Commission's Framework Six Programme, HERMES, we investigated three main areas along the European margin, each characterized by the presence of seep-related structures exhibiting different intensity of activity and biological diversity. These areas are: (1) the Nordic margin with the Hakon Mosby mud volcano and many pockmarks, (2) the Gulf of Cadiz, and (3) the eastern Mediterranean with its hundreds of mud volcanoes and brine pool structures. One of the main goals of the HERMES project was to unravel the biodiversity associated with these seep-associated ecosystems, and to understand their driving forces and functions, using an integrated approach. Several multidisciplinary research cruises to these three areas provided evidence of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mosby mud volcano; Gulf of mexico; Cadiz ne atlantic; Deep sea fan; Community structure; Microbial communities; Fluid flow; Mediterranean sea; Carbonate crusts; Norwegian sea.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6375.pdf
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Deep-sea habitat heterogeneity influence on meiofaunal communities in the Gulf of Guinea ArchiMer
Van Gaever, Saskia; Galeron, Joelle; Sibuet, Myriam; Vanreusel, Ann.
To estimate the degree of spatial heterogeneity of benthic deep-sea communities, we carried out a multiple-scale (from m's to 200km) investigation in the Congo-Angola margins (Equatorial West African margin, 3150-4800 m) in which we examined the metazoan meiofauna at a variety of habitats along the Congo Channel system and in the associated cold seep. We investigate the structure, density, vertical distribution patterns in the sediment and biomass of meiofaunal communities in the Gulf of Guinea and how they are controlled by hydrologic and biogeochemical processes The meiofaunal. communities in the Gulf of Guinea were shaped by heterogeneous conditions on the margin, and reflect the multiple-scale spatial variability that corresponds with the different...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Gulf of Guinea; Nematodes; Meiofauna; Cold seep; Congo canyon; West equatorial Africa margin deep sea.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-7483.pdf
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Metazoan meiofaunal communities at cold seeps along the Norwegian margin: Influence of habitat heterogeneity and evidence for connection with shallow-water habitats ArchiMer
Van Gaever, Saskia; Olu, Karine; Derycke, Sofie; Vanreusel, Ann.
Cold-seep environments and their associated symbiont-bearing megafaunal communities create islands of primary production for macro- and meiofauna in the otherwise monotonous and nutrient-poor deep-sea environment. To examine the spatial variation and distribution patterns of metazoan meiobenthos in different seepage-related habitats, samples were collected in two regions off Norway: several pockmarks associated with the Storegga Slide including the Nyegga pockmark area (730 m: 64 degrees N), and the active, methane-venting Hakon Mosby Mud Volcano (HMMV) west of the Barents Sea (1280 m: 72 degrees N). Based on sediment geochemistry and associated epifauna, three different habitat types were distinguished across the two regions: (1) reduced sediment with...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Terschellingia longicaudata; Halomonhystera disjuncta; Cryptic species; Nematodes; Meiobenthos; Cold seeps.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-7484.pdf
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The contribution of deep-sea macrohabitat heterogeneity to global nematode diversity ArchiMer
Vanreusel, Ann; Fonseca, Gustavo; Danovaro, Roberto; Da Silva, Maria Cristina; Esteves, Andre M.; Ferrero, Tim; Gad, Gunnar; Galtsova, Valentina; Gambi, Cristina; Genevois, Veronica Da Fonseca; Ingels, Jeroen; Ingole, Baban; Lampadariou, Nikolaos; Merckx, Bea; Miljutin, Dmitry; Miljutina, Maria; Muthumbi, Agnes; Netto, Sergio; Portnova, Daria; Radziejewska, Teresa; Raes, Maarten; Tchesunov, Alexei; Vanaverbeke, Jan; Van Gaever, Saskia; Venekey, Virag; Bezerra, Tania Nara; Flint, Hannah; Copley, John; Pape, Ellen; Zeppilli, Daniela; Martinez, Pedro Arbizu; Galeron, Joelle.
The great variety of geological and hydrological conditions in the deep sea generates many different habitats. Some are only recently explored, although their true extent and geographical coverage are still not fully established. Both continental margins and mid-oceanic seafloors are much more complex ecologically, geologically, chemically and hydrodynamically than originally thought. As a result, fundamental patterns of species distribution first observed and explained in the context of relatively monotonous slopes and abyssal plains must now be re-evaluated in the light of this newly recognized habitat heterogeneity. Based on a global database of nematode genus composition, collected as part of the Census of Marine Life, we show that macrohabitat...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Census of marine life; Deep sea; Habitat heterogeneity; Meiofauna; Nematode genera.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11280/11783.pdf
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The influence of geological, geochemical, and biogenic habitat heterogeneity on seep biodiversity ArchiMer
Cordes, Erik E.; Cunha, Marina R.; Galeron, Joelle; Mora, Camilo; Olu-le Roy, Karine; Sibuet, Myriam; Van Gaever, Saskia; Vanreusel, Ann; Levin, Lisa A..
Cold seeps are among the most heterogeneous of all continental margin habitats. Abiotic Sources of heterogeneity in these systems include local variability in fluid flow, geochemistry, and substrate type, which give rise to different sets of microbial communities, microbial symbiont-bearing foundation species, and associated heterotrophic species. Biogenic habitats created by microbial mats and the symbiotic species including vesicomyid clams, bathymodiolin mussels, and siboglinid tubeworms add an additional layer of complexity to seep habitats. These forms of habitat heterogeneity result in a variety of macrofaunal and meiofaunal communities that respond to changes in structural complexity, habitat geochemistry, nutrient sources, and interspecific...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Beta diversity; Chemosynthetic communities; Cold seep; Continental margin; Macrofauna; Meiofauna; Metacommunity; Species accumulation.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11281/7826.pdf
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Habitat heterogeneity influences cold-seep macrofaunal communities within and among seeps along the Norwegian margin. Part 1: macrofaunal community structure ArchiMer
Decker, Carole; Morineaux, Marie; Van Gaever, Saskia; Caprais, Jean-claude; Lichtschlag, Anna; Gauthier, Olivier; Andersen, Ann C.; Olu, Karine.
Håkon Mosby mud volcano (HMMV) is one of the most active and most studied seep sites in European waters. Many authors have described its thermal activity, dynamic of mud flows, and geochemical and microbial processes. It is characterised by a concentric zonation of successive biogenic habitats related to an activity and geochemical gradient from its centre to its periphery. Around the central area covered by mud flows, white and grey microbial mats occur among areas of bare sediment, whereas siboglinid tubeworm fields of Sclerolinum contortum and/or Oligobrachia haakonmosbiensis colonise the peripheral areas. The meiofaunal community is known to be structured among habitats, but the macrofauna has rarely been investigated and has never been sampled in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cold-seep; Community structure; Macrofauna; Norwegian margin; Polychaeta.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00074/18517/16130.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
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