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Organic Farming in Austria Organic Eprints
Vogl, C. R.; Heß, J..
During the present decade, Austria has experienced a dramatic increase in organic farming among those countries that comprise the European Union (EU). For example, in 1992, approximately 2,000 farms were practicing organic, ecological, or biodynamic farming methodes. By 1997 the number of certified organic farms plus those in transition from conventional farming had increased 10-fold to some 20,000 farms. This represents almost 9% of the total farms in Austria and an area of 345,375 ha, or 10% of the total cultivated farmland. The largest concentration of organic farms is in regions with a high proportion of alpine grassland or pastures. Approximately 50% of the organic farms range in size from 5 to 15 ha. The strong organic movement in Austria can be...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Austria Farming Systems Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://orgprints.org/7059/1/CV_AJAA_1999_14_3_137_143_Vogl.pdf
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Tradition, Dynamics and Sustainability of Plant Species Composition and Management in Homegardens on Organic and Non-Organic Small Scale Farms in Alpine Eastern Tyrol, Austria Organic Eprints
Vogl, C. R.; Vogl-Lukasser, B..
In Eastern Tyrol (Austria), homegardens are an integral part of the farming system. The aim of this paper is to present evidence for the development of gardening in the study area and to identify differences/similarities between gardens at organic and non-organic farms. In 1997 and 1998, in homegardens on 91 organic and 105 non-organic farms from 12 communities, occurrence and abundance of cultivated plant species were surveyed and interviews were carried out about garden history, management and plant use. For the factor organic/non-organic, differences between gardens were statistically tested. Garden management is similar in organic/non-organic gardens, except mixed cropping and the use of alternative remedies to combat diseases, both with significantly...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/6931/1/Vogl_BAH2003_21_349%2D366.pdf
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Production and processing of organically grown fiber nettle (Urtica dioica L.) and its potential use in the natural textiles industry: A review Organic Eprints
Vogl, C. R.; Hartl, A..
In Europe, the perennial stinging nettle was cultivated during the 19th century until the Second World War and has a long history as a fiber plant. Clone varieties dating back to the early 20th century are still maintained at European research institutions. The fiber content of clones ranges from 1.2 to 16% dry matter, and fiber yields range from 0.14 to 1.28 Mg/ha. Varietal purity of fiber nettle can only be achieved by planting cuttings. The harvesting of fiber starts in the second year of growth and the crop may produce well for several years. Several agronomic practices influence fiber quality, but causal relations are not yet well understood. Various parts of the fiber nettle plant can be used as food, fodder and as raw material for different purposes...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/6926/1/AJAA18_3_2003_nettle.pdf
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Comparing Hemp Seed Yields (Cannabis sativa L.) of an On-Farm Scientific Field Experiment to an On-Farm Agronomic Evaluation Under Organic Growing Conditions in Lower Austria Organic Eprints
Vogl, C. R.; Lissek-Wolf, G.; Surböck, A..
Hemp seed yields of the variety Fedora-19 in an on-farm scientific field experiment on small plots and in an on-farm evaluation in 11 hemp fields under practical organic growing conditions in Lower Austria were compared to give a realistic view of the variability of yields. Dry matter seed yields from the on-farm field experiment ranged from 127 to 143 g/m2. Under practical growing conditions, yields ranged from 34 to 151 g/m2 in the sample plots. The reported hemp seed yield after combine harvesting, drying, and cleaning was between 324 kg/ha and 717 kg/ha. The results of the experiment show that harvesting by hand considerably influences yields. Yields of the manual harvest in sample plots indicate a high correlation with yields harvested by the combine...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/6928/1/JIHvogl2004_hempONfarm.pdf
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Organic Agriculture in Austria Organic Eprints
Vogl, C. R.; Darnhofer, I..
Organic farming has a long history in Austria, not least due to the fact that Rudolf Steiner, the founder of the bio-dynamic farming movement, was an Austrian. Currently approximately 10% of Austrian farms are certified organic, the highest percentage in the EU.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/5521/1/TOS_Austriacor22022004.pdf
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Urban Organic Farming in Austria with the concept of Selbsternte ("self -harvest"): An agronomic and socio-economic analysis Organic Eprints
Vogl, C. R.; Axmann, P.; Vogl-Lukasser, B..
In Vienna, consultants, organic farmers and green-minded consumers have developed a new concept of urban organic farming, called Selbsternte (`self-harvest'). Organic farmers prepare a plot of arable land (the Selbsternte plot) and sow or plant rows composed of 18-23 plant species. In mid-May the plots are divided into subplots that contain 2-6m of every sown species and are rented to so-called self-harvesters for a period of about 136 days. In 2002 Selbsternte was being practiced at 15 plots in Vienna or in neighboring cities, represented by 861 subplots, with a total area of 68,740m2, and managed by 12 organic farmers for 861 registered self-harvesters. At the Roter Berg plot, experimental subplots were established to evaluate yields and the value of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/6858/1/Vogl_etal_raf062.pdf
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Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) as a Resource for Green Cosmetics: Yield of Seeds and Fatty Acids Composition of 20 Varieties under the Growing Conditions of Organic Farming in Austria Organic Eprints
Vogl, C. R.; Mölleken, H.; Lissek-Wolf, G.; Surböck, A.; Kobert, J..
The interest in hemp (non-drug Cannabis sativa L.) for skin care and cosmetic use is due to the high content of oil, especially unsaturated fatty acids in seed with technological and therapeutic effects. In a field trial on an organic farm, seed weight and content of fatty acids of 20 hemp varieties were surveyed on three different harvest dates. The dry matter seed yields ranged from 27-149 g m2. The varieties Ferimon-12, Fedora-19, and Bialobreszie produced high seed yields on all three harvest dates but yields were not significantly different from a large group of other varieties. Contents of palmitic acid range from 3.1 to 4.1%, of stearic acid from 0.1 to 1.9%, of oleic acid from 3.7 to 9.2%, of linoleic acid from 44.8 to 60.2%, of α-linolenic acid...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/6929/1/JIHvogl2004_hempFATTYacid.pdf
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Tools and Methods for data collection in ethnobotanical studies of homegardens Organic Eprints
Vogl, C. R.; Vogl-Lukasser, B.; Puri, R..
Owners and managers of homegardens have extensive knowledge of plants, their uses, and ecosystemic processes. This knowledge might be highly valuable for many purposes. To enhance ethnobotanical research on homegardens and encourage a discussion of proper methodology, this article presents tools and methods used to collect data in the multidisciplinary study of homegardens in Chiapas,Mexico; Eastern Tyrol, Austria; and Kalimantan, Indonesia. The article defines homegardens and gardeners and explains both the sampling process used in these studies and how contact and rapport was established. Also discussed are possible research questions and hypotheses, equipment used in the field, interviewing strategies, vegetation surveys, and data management. Interviews...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/7037/1/voglFM163.pdf
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Das Bio-Kontrollsystem in Österreich Organic Eprints
Vogl, C. R.; Darnhofer, I..
Die Ausweitung der Palette von Bioprodukten im Handel, die Zunahme an Umsätzen von Bioprodukten, das starke Interesse für Bioprodukte nach Lebensmittelskandalen in der konventionellen Landwirtschaft und Betrugsfälle im Bio-Sektor – von Bio-Kontrollstellen aufgedeckt – haben das Interesse an der Verbesserung des Kontrollsystems für den Biologischen Landbau auch in Österreich geweckt.
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/6857/1/Vogl_Darnhofer_FB55_BAABF.pdf
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Swiss ethnoveterinary knowledge on medicinal plants - a within-country comparison of Italian speaking regions with north-western German speaking regions Organic Eprints
Mayer, M.; Zbinden, M.; Vogl, C. R.; Ivemeyer, S.; Meier, B.; Amorena, M.; Maeschli, A.; Hamburger, M.; Walkenhorst, M..
BACKGROUND: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in Europe may play an important role as a basis for sustainable treatment options for livestock. Aims of our study were (a) to compare the ethnoveterinary practices of two culturally and sociodemographically different regions of Switzerland, (b) to compare results with earlier ethnoveterinary studies conducted in Switzerland and in adjacent Italian regions and, (c) to evaluate possible reasons for regional differences in European ethnoveterinary medicine. METHODS: 25 interviews were conducted in 2014 in all Italian speaking regions (ItR) of Switzerland, and 31 interviews were held in five north-western German speaking Cantons (GeC). Semi-structured questionnaires were used to collect detailed information regarding...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Health and welfare; Switzerland; Germany.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/34516/1/mayer-etal-2017_J%20EthnobiolEthnomed-Vol13-Issue1-p1-23.pdf
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