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Agricultural trade for food security in Africa: A Ricardian model approach AgEcon
Diagne, Mandiaye; Abele, Steffen; Diagne, Aliou; Seck, Papa Abdoulaye.
Regionalism and food security is a relatively neglected topic with very limited literature. We use a Ricardian trade model with multiple goods and countries which embeds a structure of gravity equation and yield variability. Our study shows that integration with African markets of staple foods is associated with higher growth, underpinning the need for growth strategies to emphasize scaling up and diversifying exports within Africa. Africa needs to unlock its high potential untapped land and fill up the yield gap. We found as well that enhanced competitiveness and reduced barriers to trade are the two critical areas of action.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Ricardian model; Yield variability; Agricultural trade; Staple foods; Africa; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123842
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Agricultural Value Chain Development in West Africa – Methodological framework and case study of mango in Benin AgEcon
van Melle, Cathelijne; Coulibaly, Ousmane; Hell, Kerstin.
Globalization and competitiveness of agricultural commodities could have significant potential benefits for food security and poverty reduction in West Africa. Participation in global trade and economy is potentially important but not enough to ensure benefits at all levels of the chains and equitable distribution of income for each participant. Efficiency is key in the commodity value chain, but effective support functions and services, infrastructure, legal and policy environment are important. This paper presents the framework of value chain concept and analysis, as a guide to enhance competitiveness of commodities at national, regional or global level. The paper applies the value chain framework to a case study on mango in Benin, West Africa. The...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Benin; Mango; Value chain; West Africa; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51994
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Agriculture and poverty: Farming for food or farming for money? AgEcon
Pauw, Kalie.
The dualistic nature of the South African economy manifests itself to a large extent in the agricultural sector, where ownership and access to land was previously reserved and is still mainly controlled by white farmers. This has contributed to the huge disparities in the income levels of black and white agricultural households. In this paper two South African household surveys are used to analyse agricultural inequality using various decomposition techniques. It is found that inequalities within agriculture are higher and more pronounced along racial lines than inequalities among non-agricultural households. Agricultural inequalities also differ structurally from those in the rest of society and are explained largely by differences in the ownership of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural sector; Poverty; Inequality; Household income sources; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10122
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Agriculture and The Challenge to Reduce Poverty in East Africa AgEcon
Lazaro, Evelyne A.; Makindara, Jeremia R..
The three East African (EA) countries Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda have a population of about 95 million people and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of USD 34.2 billion. In recent years efforts has been made among the three East African countries, towards forging economic and regional co-operation by establishing the East African Community (EAC). The premise for economic and regional co-operation has been underpinned for the need for a common market and boost regional trade. The ultimate goal of these efforts is to achieve one of the international development objectives of increasing growth to 7% a year that is required to reduce income poverty. One of the challenges that East African countries need to tackle in the face of globalisation is the ability to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52104
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Agriculture for Food and Nutrition Security: A Must For Achieving the Millennium Development Goals in Africa AgEcon
Dittoh, Saa; Abizari, Abdul-Razak; Akuriba, Margaret A..
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) underscore an overriding importance of human development for sustained economic, social, political and other development, and nutrition is the beginning of human development. Nutrition has, however, not been viewed as a development imperative in many African countries. Agricultural and health policies, projects and programmes and the conduct of agricultural and health research in most African countries do not consider nutrition to any significant degree. The paper argues that food production, poverty, malnutrition and health are very intricately linked and the result of that linkage is probably the most important determinant of development and, thus, the realization of the MDGs in Africa. It also argues that it is...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52217
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AGRICULTURE IN CANADA: WHO WILL GROW THE FOOD? AgEcon
Lerohl, Mel L.; Unterschultz, James R..
Key issues in the current agricultural debate include the future of family farms, levels of government support for farms, the roles of marketing institutions and the effect of new trade arrangements. In part, these issues have arisen because of recent price volatility, but the agricultural debate has also raised basic questions: Can farming in Canada survive, and if so, what will the new farms look like? The future of farming is approached through evidence on land values and assessments of alternative land use. The future structure of farms is approached through a review of farm size, location and product mix. Farm sizes are increasingly bi-modal, with small farms relatively insulated from farm markets, and large specialized farms dependent on the market...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36394
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Agriculture Productivity Growth: Is the Current Trend on the Track to Poverty Reduction? AgEcon
Valenzuela, Ernesto; Ivanic, Maros; Ludena, Carlos E.; Hertel, Thomas W..
In this study we evaluate the effect of annual productivity growth in agriculture over the 1991-2001 period on poverty in eleven developing countries. We compare this with the optimal pattern of productivity growth of comparable cost with the sole goal of maximizing poverty reduction. This comparison reveals that regional agricultural development is a viable option in the fight for poverty reduction.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19152
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Agri-food supply chains and sustainability-related issues: evidence from across the Scottish agri-food economy AgEcon
Leat, Philip M.K.; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata.
This paper examines the influence of agri-food supply chains on the sustainability-related activities and decisions of Scottish farmers, as well as the treatment of sustainability issues by food processors and retailers themselves. It is based on 8 whole chain case studies covering some of Scotland’s major agricultural products. The cases identify differing levels of understanding and activities related to sustainability, but widespread acknowledgement that sustainability involves the development of chains within which all parties can achieve acceptable profits. Indeed, collaborative supply chains, which seek improved economic performance, frequently assist environmental and social sustainability. The main drivers of sustainability are found to be the cost...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Sustainability; Food; Supply chain; Agribusiness; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109424
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Aid and Australian Aid Policy AgEcon
Bhattacharya, Debesh.
Few issues of economic development arouse such deep emotions or controversies as the role of the foreign sector. Most orthodox economists believe that foreign aid, investment, technology and transnational corporations (TNC) are important contributory factors to economic development. On the other hand, the neo-Marxist paradigm suggests that the present system revolving around the foreign sector represents the continuation of domination over the developing by developed countries. Foreign aid, investment, technology and TNC are regarded as tools of neo-imperialism, the devices by which developed countries continue to retain control over the economies of the ex -colonies. The role of foreign aid in economic development is also criticised by some extreme right...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12284
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AID TO DEVELOPING-COUNTRY AGRICULTURE: INVESTING IN POVERTY REDUCTION AND NEW EXPORT OPPORTUNITIES AgEcon
Pinstrup-Andersen, Per; Cohen, Marc J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16203
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AIDS AND FOOD SECURITY AgEcon
Piot, Peter; Pinstrup-Andersen, Per; Gillespie, Stuart; Haddad, Lawrence James.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16179
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AJAE Appendix: Does Participation in the Food Stamp Program Increase the Prevalence of Obesity and Health Care Spending? AgEcon
Meyerhoefer, Chad D.; Pylypchuk, Vuriy.
The material contained herein is supplementary to the Article named in the title and published in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics, forthcoming.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7045
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AJAE Appendix: Is There Persistence in the Impact of Emergency Food Aid? Evidence on Consumption, Food Security and Assets in Rural Ethiopia AgEcon
Gilligan, Daniel O.; Hoddinott, John.
The material contained herein is supplementary to the article named in the title and published in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics, May 2007, Volume 89, Issue 2.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7414
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Alert at Maradi: Preventing Food Crises in West Africa by Using Price Signals AgEcon
Araujo, Claudio; Araujo-Bonjean, Catherine; Brunelin, Stephanie.
The aim of this paper is to exploit grain price data to detect the warning signs of looming food crises in Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger. Firstly we identify which markets play a leading role at the national and regional level. The second step consists of identifying crisis periods and characterizing price movements during the period proceeding a crisis. This analysis leads to the identification of early warning indicators whose relevance is tested using panel data qualitative choice models. The results show that monitoring price movements on "leading markets" during crucial periods of the year can help in forecasting future crises.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food security; Africa; Niger; Early warning systems; Discrete choice panel model; Food Security and Poverty; Q18; C25; D40; O18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114226
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Algumas Reflexões sobre a Pobreza e as Perspectivas para o Crescimento do Sector Rural de Moçambique AgEcon
de Marrule, Higino Francisco; Benfica, Rui M.S.; Strasberg, Paul J.; Tschirley, David L.; Weber, Michael T..
Resultados das investigações do Projecto de Segurança Alimentar em Moçambique MAP-Direcção de Economía
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Mozambique; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55208
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Alternative Approaches for Moderating Food Insecurity and Price Volatility in Zambia. AgEcon
Dorosh, Paul A.; Dradri, Simon; Haggblade, Steven.
• Maize production varies widely from year to year, given Zambia’s heavy dependence on rainfed cultivation. Thus consumers face wide swings in availability of their primary food staple. • Typical public responses include increased food aid inflows, government commercial imports and stock releases, and tight controls on private sector trade. While intended to improve domestic supply, these public responses can inadvertently exacerbate price instability and food insecurity for Zambian consumers. • Two key private sector responses – private cross-border maize trade and consumer substitution of alternate food staples (such as cassava) for maize - can also help to moderate food consumption volatility. • Together, private imports and increased cassava...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Food Security and Poverty; Q20.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54630
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Alternative Approaches To Locating The Food Insecure: Qualitative and Quantitative Evidence From South India AgEcon
Chung, Kimberly; Haddad, Lawrence James; Ramakrishna, Jayashree; Riely, Frank Z..
This paper reports on two methods used for identifying alternative indicators of chronic and acute food insecurity. A need for alternative indicators exists since many of the "benchmark" or "gold standard" indicators (such as household income or dietary intake) are too cumbersome to be of practical use in food aid targeting. The ideal alternative indicator should be statistically reliable, yet straightforward to collect and analyze. The study uses data collected in four villages in the Indian Semi-Arid Tropics to illustrate two methods for identifying the alternative indicators. A qualitative methodology included ethnographic case studies of at-risk households, participatory mapping of vulnerable households within a community, food charts, and seasonality...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42666
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Alternative Instruments for Ensuring Food Security and Price Stability in Zambia AgEcon
Dorosh, Paul A.; Dradri, Simon; Haggblade, Steven.
Given heavy dependence on rainfed maize production, Zambia must routinely cope with pronounced production and consumption volatility in their primary food staple. Typical policy responses include increased food aid flows, government commercial imports and stock releases, and tight controls on private sector trade. This paper examines recent experience in Zambia, using a simple economic model to assess the likely impact of maize production shocks on the domestic maize price and on staple food consumption under alternative policy regimes. In addition to an array of public policy instruments, the analysis evaluates the quantitative impact of two key private sector responses in moderating food consumption volatility— private cross-border maize trade and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Policy; Zambia; Africa; Price; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54488
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Alternative to Disincentive Rice Producer Prices in Madagascar: Case Study in Alaotra Prefecture and Bongolava Prefecture AgEcon
Ralandison, Tsilavo; Shiratake, Yoshiharu.
This study identifies the reasons for low producer prices of rice that have not covered its production costs for many years in Madagascar. The following points will be discussed: the farmers’ marketing conditions and the rural rice market structure, including the functions of each intervening trader preceding rice distribution in urban centers. The study also assesses current functions of the agricultural farmer cooperative: an organization expected to enable the establishment of fair trade in the domestic rice market. The data come from interviews conducted with 120 farmers, 20 traders, and the survey of the overall cooperative associations in two prefectures and main rice suppliers of the capital city. The analysis reveals that farmers were often...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Madagascar; Markets; Rice; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52005
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Ambiente institucional e acesso aos mercados internacionais para produtores brasileiros: comparando a legislação americana e o européia. AgEcon
Pereira, Paulo Rodrigues Fernandes; Flexor, Georges Gerard; Funcke, Andre Luis.
O trabalho pretende abordar a problemática do acesso aos mercados internacionais sob a ótica da questão da qualidade e segurança dos alimentos. Procura nesse sentido apresentar uma comparação dos arcabouços institucionais dos Estados Unidos da América e da União Européia no que diz respeito a normas e padrões de seguranças e qualidade dos alimentos. Esses elementos que estruturam o ambiente institucional do acesso aos mercados representam desafios importantes para os produtores dos países em desenvolvimento, sobretudo para os pequenos agricultores.------------------------The work aims to address the problem of access to international markets from the perspective of the quality and food safety. From a institutional approach, it presents a comparison of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Normas; Cadeia; Ambiente institucional; Qualidade; Standards; Chain; Institution; Quality; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108082
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