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Land Reform and Farm-Household Income Inequality: The Case of Georgia AgEcon
Kimhi, Ayal.
The income inequality implications of land reform are examined for the case of Georgia using regression-based inequality decomposition techniques. An egalitarian land redistribution is likely to equalize per-capita income among farm households, implying that continuing the land reform process in Georgia is likely to benefit poorer households, relatively speaking. However, land fragmentation was found to be disequalizing, and therefore land market developments that enable plot consolidation are not less important for inequality than the land redistribution itself. Both landholdings and farm assets have favorable inequality implications not only through farm income but also through non-farm income, implying that these productive assets increase the economic...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Income inequality; Land reform; Inequality decomposition; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54159
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Evolution of Income and Fiscal Disparity in Rural China AgEcon
Yao, Yi; Fan, Shenggen.
This paper's goal is to increase the understanding of the income and fiscal inequality trends in rural China. Using a comprehensive county-level panel dataset between 1993 and 2002, we describe the dynamic changes in national, regional and provincial inequality measures for income, fiscal spending and local revenues respectively. We examine how the coastal-inland gap, the inter-province gap, and the gap between poor and non-poor counties contribute to the growth of inequality, and devise a decomposition approach to investigate the order of inter-group inequality's contribution to the overall inequality in a multi-tier hierarchical economy. Our major finding reveals that after a turning point, 1998, most income and fiscal inequality trends started to grow...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Regional inequality; Inequality decomposition; Fiscal equalization; Fiscal decentralization; Soft budget constraint; Community/Rural/Urban Development; D3; O18; H3.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25671
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