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Implications of a Doha Agreement on Agricultural Markets in Sudan AgEcon
Abdel Karim, Imad Eldin Elfadil; Abler, David G..
The latest round of multilateral trade negotiations was launched at the ministerial meeting of the World Trade Organization in Doha, Qatar, in November 2001. Agriculture is a major item on the agenda for the Doha Round. The primary focus is on the three “pillars” of the Uruguay Round agreement—domestic support, market access, and export competition. The framework for a final agreement was finalized at a Ministerial meeting in Geneva in July 2004, but contains few details on modalities (e.g., the formula to be used for reductions in tariffs/increases in tariff-rate quotas, quantitative limitations on domestic support, and the schedule for the elimination of export subsidies). Detailed proposals on a number of these issues were put forward in October 2005...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Doha Agreement; Sudan; Agricultural markets; Trade policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37918
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Achieving Regional Growth Dynamics in African Agriculture AgEcon
Abdulai, Awudu; Diao, Xinshen; Johnson, Michael.
This study focuses on public investments and policy reforms for leveraging growth spillovers at the African regional level. A conceptual framework that is built on the endogenous growth theory and the new economic geography is presented first to gain a better understanding of the underlying theory and empirical evidence on regional integration and growth spillovers. In order to demonstrate the potential benefits from greater cross-border technology spillovers in Africa, as well as from trade liberalization and investment in infrastructure, results from ex-ante simulations using partial and general equilibrium models are then presented and discussed. Results indicate that sizeable regional spillover benefits can be obtained by permitting greater crossborder...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Computable General Equilibrium Models C68; Agricultural growth; Agricultural sector; International Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58371
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Leveraging regional growth dynamics in African agriculture AgEcon
Abdulai, Awudu; Johnson, Michael; Diao, Xinshen.
This study focuses on public investments and policy reforms for leveraging growth spillovers at the Africa regional level. It reviews first the theory and evidence of knowledge and growth spillovers generally and second the evidence in the African context. Given the limited and scattered evidence of actual past spillovers, it reviews recent ex ante simulations using partial and general equilibrium models to stress the potential for spillovers from greater cooperation in agricultural research, and from trade liberalization, policy harmonization and investments in infrastructure. The results show that permitting greater crossborder transfers and adopting improved technologies could have large spillover multiplier effects on overall economic welfare in the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Sub-Saharan Africa; Regional cooperation; Spillovers; Agricultural development; International Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57021
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THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND UNITED STATES AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Abel, Martin E..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 1972 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13962
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THE TECHNOLOGICAL COMPONENT OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AgEcon
Abel, Martin E..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1969 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14221
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TRAJETÓRIA DE CONVERSÃO AGROECOLÓGICA DE AGRICULTORES FAMILIARES DO SUDESTE DA AMAZÔNIA AgEcon
Abreu, Lucimar Santiago; Siviero, Amauri; Bellon, Stephane.
O sistema de uso da terra baseado na implantação de sistemas agro florestais na Amazônia é fortemente recomendado pela pesquisa agropecuária brasileira, no entanto, poderia apresentar algumas restrições no âmbito da sustentabilidade econômica de modo a colocar em risco eminente a população menos favorecida deste território. Para equacionar tal problemática de pesquisa analisamos o processo de emergência e de desenvolvimento de uma experiência agroecológica, localizada no sudeste da Amazônia, mais precisamente em Ouro Preto do Oeste, Rondônia. A investigação teve como objetivo central reconstruir a trajetória de conversão das unidades de produção familiar, de maneira tal que as relações sociais de produção, a diversidade de atividades agropecuárias, as...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Transição agroecológica; Desenvolvimento rural sustentável; Biodiversidade; Agricultura de base ecológica; Sistemas agroflorestais; Agro ecological transition; Sustainable rural development; Biodiversity; Ecological based agriculture; Agrofloresty systems; International Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109798
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Can Climate Change Save Lives? A comment on “Economy-wide estimates of the implications of climate change: Human health" AgEcon
Ackerman, Frank; Stanton, Elizabeth A..
In a recent article in this journal, Francesco Bosello, Roberto Roson, and Richard Tol make the surprising prediction that the first stages of global warming will, on balance, save a large number of lives. Bosello et al. fail to substantiate this remarkable estimate, and they make multiple mistaken or misleading assumptions. They rely on research that identifies a simple empirical relationship between temperature and mortality, but ignores the countervailing effect of human adaptation to gradual changes in average temperature. While focusing on small changes in average temperatures, they ignore the important health impacts of extreme weather events such as heat waves, droughts, floods, and hurricanes. They extrapolate this pattern far beyond the level that...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Public Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37240
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Technical Efficiency in Bangladesh Rice Production: Are There Threshold Effects in Farm Size? AgEcon
Adachi, Kenji; del Ninno, Carlo; Liu, Donald J..
Replaced with revised version of poster 07/21/10.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Data Envelopment Analysis; Threshold Estimation; Technical efficiency; Total factor productivity; Rice; Farm size; Bangladesh; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61357
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Integrating Economic Analysis with a Randomized Controlled Trial: Willingness-to-Pay for a New Maternal Nutrient Supplement AgEcon
Adams, Katherine P.; Vosti, Stephen A.; Lybbert, Travis J.; Ayifah, Emmanuel.
Maternal nutrition during pregnancy can have significant implications for a child’s prenatal growth and development, and undernutrition experienced during the prenatal period increases the risk of early childhood morbidity and mortality and can permanently impair a child’s physical growth and cognitive development. We use new data from Ghana generated using contingent valuation and experimental auction techniques to estimate willingness-to-pay (WTP) for LNS, a new nutrient supplement aimed at preventing maternal undernutrition during pregnancy. We also explore the relative importance of individual and household characteristics as well as information about the long-term benefits of preventing undernutrition on WTP. We find that WTP is positive for a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Economic Development; Nutrition; Willingness-to-Pay; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; International Development.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103793
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The effects of international remittances on poverty, inequalities, and development in rural Egypt AgEcon
Adams, Richard H., Jr..
Many low-income people, especially those from poor rural areas, seek to improve their lives by immigrating in search of work and income, increasingly moving across national borders and further afield. In recent years, the remittances they earn have come to have an important effect on the economies of many developing countries, profoundly affecting poverty, income distribution, and rural economic development in the villages from which the migrated. The results of this study compliment the findings of other IFPRI studies on poverty alleviation, income sources, and rural development. The study uses primary household data from small area of rural Egypt in a innovative way to address such vital questions as who immigrates, how remittances affect poverty and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Rural development; Egypt; Finance; Emigrant remittances; Rural poor; Income distribution; Alien labor; Egyptian; Economic conditions; Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42132
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THE IMPACT OF PROGRESA ON WOMEN'S STATUS AND INTRAHOUSEHOLD RELATIONS; FINAL REPORT AgEcon
Adato, Michelle; de la Briere, Benedicte; Mindek, Dubravka; Quisumbing, Agnes R..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; International Development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16026
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Poverty Dynamics: Measurement and Understanding from an Interdisciplinary Perspective AgEcon
Addison, Tony; Hulme, David; Kanbur, Ravi.
This paper introduces a significant new multi-disciplinary collection of studies of poverty dynamics, presenting the reader with the latest thinking by a group of researchers who are leaders in their respective disciplines. It argues that there are three main fronts on which progress must be made if we are to dramatically deepen the understanding of why poverty occurs, and significantly improve the effectiveness of poverty reduction policies. First, poverty research needs to focus on poverty dynamics — over the life-course, across generations and between different social groups. Second, there is a need to move efforts to measure poverty dynamics beyond mere income and consumption to more multidimensional concepts and measures of poverty. This is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Poverty dynamics; Multidimensional concepts and measures; Interdisciplinary approaches; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Political Economy; Public Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51107
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The Impact of Agricultural Technology Adoption on Poverty: The case of NERICA rice varieties in Benin AgEcon
Adekambi, Souleimane Adeyemi; Diagne, Aliou; Simtowe, Franklin; Biaou, Gauthier.
This study examines the relationship between agricultural technology adoption and poverty with a focus on New Rice varieties for Africa (NERICA). The NERICAs are a group of rice varieties developed by the Africa Rice Centre during the 1990s, resulting from the inter-specific crosses between the Oryza sativa high yielding rice species from Asia and the locally adapted and multiple-stress resistant Oryza glaberrima African rice species. They are believed to provide great hope for African agriculture. Introduced in Benin in 1998, there has been no published analysis on the impact of their adoption by farmers. The paper uses the counterfactual outcomes framework of modern evaluation theory to estimate the Local Average Treatment Effect (LATE) of NERICA...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: NERICA; Poverty; Agricultural technology; Impact assessment; Local Average Treatment Effect; Benin; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; C210; Q160; I390.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51645
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BEDOUIN, JEWS, AND THE POTENTIAL FOR CO-DEVELOPMENT OF THE NEGEV DESERT: DIFFICULT RESEARCH LESSONS FROM ISRAEL AgEcon
Adelberg, Charles R..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13535
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THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AgEcon
Adelman, Irma.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25039
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FALLACIES IN DEVELOPMENT THEORY AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY AgEcon
Adelman, Irma.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25005
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THE END OF THE DEVELOPMENTAL STATE? A GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM INVESTIGATION ON THE SOURCES OF THE ASIAN CRISIS WITHIN A MULTI-REGION, INTER-TEMPORAL CGE MODEL AgEcon
Adelman, Irma; Yeldan, A. Erinc.
The Asian financial crisis had a profound impact on the global economy. Growth is expected to be slower; risks are higher; and the international flows of capital have been dislocated. Above all, it has set out forces of new conditionality surrounding the developmental state, constraining its ability in designing an independent strategy of industrialization and foreign trade. With the aid of an inter-temporal, multi-region CGE model, we regard the crisis to be the result of a fundamental incompatibility between an independent financial policy with unregulated capital markets. We model the increased financial fragility surrounding the unregulated, short-term speculative capital flows as a sudden and unexpected rise in the domestic risk premium....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Financial Economics; International Development.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25063
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Women Farmer’s and Agriculture Growth: Challenge and Perspective for Africa face the economic crisis AgEcon
Adeniyi, Labintan.
In poor countries the agricultural sector is essential to growth, poverty reduction, and food security. In Sub- Saharan Africa, the agricultural sector employs 65 percent of the labor force and generates 32 per cent of GDP growth (Christian Friis Bach and all, 2008).More than half of rural employment in Sub- Saharan Africa consists of self-employed farmers, many of whom are women. Women generally own less land and the land they have is often of lower quality than the land owned by men. According to the International Development Research Centre, women in Africa only own 1 per cent of the land. Women have to contend with limited access to financial and technical resources. Women lack political influence. However the recent economic crisis that has affected...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Women Farmer-Africa- Economic Crisis-Challenge and Perspective; International Development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97062
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Powering Development for the Poor in India? AgEcon
Adholeya, Alok.
In India, the energy sector is going to play an important role in the inclusive and holistic growth of the economy and society. Biofuels, apart from improving the energy scenario, will also have a positive effect on poor communities in rural sectors. India currently imports 70% of its oil, and this figure is estimated to touch 90% by 2030. Since India has only 0.4% of world crude oil, alternatives need to be found. Agriculture in India accounts for 43% of the total geographic area. The total estimated energy requirement of the unelectrified rural sector is about 102.6 million gigajoules(Gj). The current program of bringing 0.4 million ha of marginal land under biodiesel production would amount to producing about 42.1 million Gj from biodiesel, which can...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: International Development; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124494
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Learning, Misallocation, and Technology Adoption: Evidence from New Malaria Therapy in Tanzania AgEcon
Adhvaryu, Achyuta.
I show that malaria misdiagnosis, common in resource-poor settings, decreases the expected effectiveness of an important new therapy–since only a fraction of treated individuals have malaria–and reduces the rate of learning via increased noise. Using pilot program data from Tanzania, I exploit variation in the location and timing of survey enumeration to construct reference groups composed of randomly chosen, geographically and temporally proximate acutely ill individuals. I show that learning is stronger and adoption rates are higher in villages with more misdiagnosis. Subsidizing diagnostic tools or improving initial targeting of new technologies may thus accelerate uptake through learning.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Technology adoption; Learning; Malaria; Tanzania; Health Economics and Policy; International Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; I15; O12; O33.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115712
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