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Developmental toxicity of PAH mixtures in fish early life stages. Part II: adverse effects in Japanese medaka ArchiMer
Le Bihanic, Florane; Clerandeau, Christelle; Le Menach, Karyn; Morin, Benedicte; Budzinski, Helene; Cousin, Xavier; Cachot, Jerome.
In aquatic environments, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) mostly occur as complex mixtures, for which risk assessment remains problematic. To better understand the effects of PAH mixture toxicity on fish early life stages, this study compared the developmental toxicity of three PAH complex mixtures. These mixtures were extracted from a PAH-contaminated sediment (Seine estuary, France) and two oils (Arabian Light and Erika). For each fraction, artificial sediment was spiked at three different environmental concentrations roughly equivalent to 0.5, 4, and 10 μg total PAH g−1 dw. Japanese medaka embryos were incubated on these PAH-spiked sediments throughout their development, right up until hatching. Several endpoints were recorded at different...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Developmental abnormalities; Comet assay; Micronucleus assay; Larvae locomotion; Oil extract; Pyrolytic extract; Medaka embryo-larval assay.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29920/28385.pdf
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Developmental toxicity of PAH mixtures in fish early life stages. Part I: adverse effects in rainbow trout ArchiMer
Le Bihanic, Florane; Morin, Benedicte; Cousin, Xavier; Le Menach, Karyn; Budzinski, Helene; Cachot, Jerome.
A new gravel-contact assay using rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, embryos was developed to assess the toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and other hydrophobic compounds. Environmentally realistic exposure conditions were mimicked with a direct exposure of eyed rainbow trout embryos incubated onto chemical-spiked gravels until hatching at 10 °C. Several endpoints were recorded including survival, hatching delay, hatching success, biometry, developmental abnormalities, and DNA damage (comet and micronucleus assays). This bioassay was firstly tested with two model PAHs, fluoranthene and benzo[a]pyrene. Then, the method was applied to compare the toxicity of three PAH complex mixtures characterized by different PAH compositions: a pyrolytic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PAH mixture; Oil extract; Pyrolytic extract; Embryotoxicity; Developmental defects; Genotoxicity.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29919/28384.pdf
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