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Agri-Environmental Policies When the Spatial Pattern of Biodiversity Reserves Matters 31
Bamiére, Laure; David, Maia; Vermont, Bruno.
The aim of this paper is to compare different policy instruments for cost-effective habitat conservation on agricultural lands, when the desired spatial pattern of reserves is a random mosaic. We use a spatially explicit mathematical programming model which studies the farmers' behavior as profit maximizers under technical and administrative constraints. Facing different policy measures, each farmer chooses its land-use at the field level, which determines the landscape at the regional level. A spatial pattern index (Ripley L function) is then associated to the obtained landscape, indicating on the degree of dispersion of the reserve. We compare a subsidy per hectare of reserve with an auction scheme and an agglomeration malus. We find that the auction is...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental policies; Biodiversity; Mathematical programming; Spatial optimization; Reserve design; Cost-efficiency; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; H23; Q57; Q12; Q28.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114239
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Global change and conservation triage on National Wildlife Refuges 7
Johnson, Fred A; U.S. Geological Survey; fjohnson@usgs.gov; Eaton, Mitchell J; U.S. Geological Survey; mitchell.eaton@usgs.gov; McMahon, Gerard; U.S. Geological Survey; gmcmahon@usgs.gov; Nilius, Raye; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; raye_nilius@fws.gov; Bryant, Michael R.; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; mike_bryant@fws.gov; Case, David J.; DJ Case & Associates; dave@djcase.com; Martin, Julien; U.S. Geological Survey; julienmartin@usgs.gov; Wood, Nathan J; U.S. Geological Survey; nwood@usgs.gov; Taylor, Laura; North Carolina State University; lotaylor@ncsu.edu.
National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs) in the United States play an important role in the adaptation of social-ecological systems to climate change, land-use change, and other global-change processes. Coastal refuges are already experiencing threats from sea-level rise and other change processes that are largely beyond their ability to influence, while at the same time facing tighter budgets and reduced staff. We engaged in workshops with NWR managers along the U.S. Atlantic coast to understand the problems they face from global-change processes and began a multidisciplinary collaboration to use decision science to help address them. We are applying a values-focused approach to base management decisions on the resource objectives of land managers, as well as...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Allocation; Decision analysis; Ecosystem valuation; Global change; National Wildlife Refuge; Objectives; Policy; Portfolio analysis; Reserve design; Stakeholders.
Ano: 2015
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Habitat Shape, Species Invasions, and Reserve Design: Insights from Simple Models 7
Cumming, Graeme; University of Florida; cummingg@wec.ufl.edu.
Species invasions have become a major threat to global biodiversity. We currently lack a general theory of species invasions that allows us to make useful predictions about when and where invasions will occur, whether they will be successful, and whether they will alter ecosystem function in invaded habitats. One line of enquiry in developing such a theory is to focus on the characteristics of successful invaders. A second, complementary approach is to examine habitats of interest more closely and ask how the properties of the habitat that is being invaded affect the likelihood of invasion success. In this paper, I consider the importance of habitat shape (also termed "habitat topology" or "habitat geometry") as a variable affecting the dispersal and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Cellular automaton model; Colonization; Connectivity; Dispersal; Habitat complexity; Habitat geometry; Habitat shape; Landscape ecology; Reaction-diffusion model; Reserve design; Reserve networks; Species invasion.
Ano: 2002
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Setting priorities for private land conservation in fire-prone landscapes: Are fire risk reduction and biodiversity conservation competing or compatible objectives? 7
Syphard, Alexandra D.; Conservation Biology Institute; asyphard@yahoo.com; Butsic, Van; Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California Berkeley; vanbutsic@berkeley.edu; Bar-Massada, Avi; Department of Biology and Environment, University of Haifa at Oranim; barmassada@gmail.com; Keeley, Jon E.; U.S. Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, Sequoia-Kings Canyon Field Station, Three Rivers, California; jon_keeley@usgs.gov; Tracey, Jeff A.; Western Ecological Research Center, U.S. Geological Survey, San Diego Field Station, San Diego, California; jatracey@usgs.gov; Fisher, Robert N.; Western Ecological Research Center, U.S. Geological Survey, San Diego Field Station, San Diego, California; rfisher@usgs.gov.
Although wildfire plays an important role in maintaining biodiversity in many ecosystems, fire management to protect human assets is often carried out by different agencies than those tasked for conserving biodiversity. In fact, fire risk reduction and biodiversity conservation are often viewed as competing objectives. Here we explored the role of management through private land conservation and asked whether we could identify private land acquisition strategies that fulfill the mutual objectives of biodiversity conservation and fire risk reduction, or whether the maximization of one objective comes at a detriment to the other. Using a fixed budget and number of homes slated for development, we simulated 20 years of housing growth under alternative...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Housing arrangement; Reserve design; Site selection; Southern California; Species richness; Wildfire.
Ano: 2016
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The ichthyofauna of upper rio Capivari: defining conservation strategies based on the composition and distribution of fish species 83
Pompeu,Paulo dos Santos; Reis,Liana Sisi dos; Gandini,Cíntia Veloso; Souza,Rafael Couto Rosa de; Favero,Jana Menegassi del.
Although the rio Capivari basin is recognized as an area of great importance for the ichthyofauna, it lacks virtually every basic requirement for the definition of appropriate conservation strategies, since not even its species composition is known. The objective of this work is to determine the composition and distribution of fish species in the upper rio Capivari basin, relating them to the local physical features, and to evaluate the effectiveness of proposed conservations units, delimited based on areas of native vegetation remains, on the conservation of local ichthyofauna. During 2007, 50 different watercourses were sampled with gillnets, cast nets and kick nets. A total of 1308 individuals belonging to 41 species were captured. Degree of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Conservation units; Altitudinal gradients; Rio Grande; Reserve design.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252009000400015
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