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Modul 5 High temperature processing - general aspects/Verarbeitung unter hohen Temperaturen - Allgemeine Aspekte/Trattamenti ad alta temperatura - aspetti generali Organic Eprints
Pittia, Paola.
Role of high temperature on degradative reactions in foods. High temperature technologies applied to foods and applications - Blanching - Pasteurisation - Sterilisation
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Processing; Packaging and transportation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/35100/4/Module%205_High%20temperature%20processing%20%E2%80%93%20general%20aspects.pdf
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Modul 7.2 Das Superchilling-Verfahren - Ergebnisse der experimentellen Untersuchung Organic Eprints
Bantle, Michael; Claussen, Ingrid C..
The presented results are the outcome of a specific experiment and indicate what benefits can be achieved by superchilling.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Processing; Packaging and transportation Markets and trade.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/35108/1/e-learning_7.2_Superchilling.pdf
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Module 2.1 Food quality/Lebensmittelqualität/Qualità degli alimenti Organic Eprints
Pittia, Paola.
Food quality can be defined as the combination of attributes or characteristics of a product that have significance in determining the degree of acceptability of that product to the consumer.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Processing; Packaging and transportation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/35076/4/Module_2_1%20_Food%20Quality.pdf
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Modul(e) 4.3 Fruit drying/Obsttrocknung/Essiccamento (frutta) Organic Eprints
Sturm, Barbara; von Gersdorff, Gardis.
This module should give the user a deeper understanding of the drying process of fruits and highlights the influencing factors on high product quality and efficient processing.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Processing; Packaging and transportation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/35091/3/Module%204.3%20Training%20Drying%20fruits.pdf
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Monitoring and comparing cover crop performances Organic Eprints
Casagrande, Marion.
The acquired information on biomass production and expected nutri-ent release of cover crop species and/or cultivars will provide greater certainty for the selection of suitable varieties and the estimation of fulfilment of the nutrient requirements of the subsequent crop. Method and results of practical testing MERCI is an easy-to-use tool which simplifies: • Estimation of the dry matter produced per hectare (tonnes per hectare); • Calculation of the nitrogen trapped (or stored) by the cover crop; • Definition of the nitrogen refund levels for the subsequent crop (kg/ha). The references used in the calculations are based on more than 10 years of trials on cover crops in Poitou-Charentes/France. Simulations are carried out with INRA's STICS...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Nutrient turnover; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/32611/1/PA_015_ITAB_monitoring_cover_crop_ab_GW_MC_LK.pdf
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Monitoring weed regulation services by carabids Organic Eprints
Casagrande, Marion; Fontaine, Laurence; Castel, Laurie.
Preparing the seed cards • Prepare 10 sand paper cards (5 cm x 5 cm) per field and 10 predator exclusion cages with 1 cm squared metal net to avoid predation by mammals and birds. • Glue 10 poppy seeds on each card and place each card within an exclusion cage. Data collection • Collect data twice during the crop cycle, preferably in spring for winter cereals (avoiding drought periods). • Define two transects in the monitored field. Place 5 seed cards with exclusion cage along each transect and nail them into the floor (day D). • Remove them after 4 days of exposure to predators • Count the remaining seeds on each card.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Weed management.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31039/1/PA_033_ITAB_Seed_Card_final.pdf
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Multispectral remote sensing in participatory on-farm variety trials Organic Eprints
Drexler, Dora; Kovács, Tina; Varga, Korinna.
On the one hand, through the analysis of remote sensing images, it was possible to determine weed infestation, field heterogeneity and NDVI values/pixel (app. 1 cm per pixel). In some cases, we even discovered previously unknown underground field objects (e.g. a drainage system from the 70s). On the other hand, NDVI data did not correlate with traditional sampling results (SPAD values and yield estimations), probably because the multicopter covered 100 % of the large plot area, while sampling only provided data from specific points (50 SPAD points/plot and three yield sampling quadrats/plot). We can thus assume that for large plot variety trials, remote sensing can give substantially more precise results than traditional sampling methods. Further tests...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Weed management; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/32539/1/PA_021_OEMKI_Remote_Sensing_final.pdf
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NDICEA - A digital tool to model nutrient balances across a crop rotation Organic Eprints
Mullender, Samantha.
Using NDICEA, farmers can identify where problems with nutrient loss/imbalance occur in their rotation. They can experiment with changes in rotation or management to find the most effective strategies to address nutrient imbalances and nutrient losses due to leaching. Practical recommendation • NDICEA is a freely available, computer-based nutrient budgeting tool developed by the Louis Bolk Institute in the Netherlands. It takes data on the crop rotation for an individual field rotation, alongside data on climate, soil properties and management practices (e.g. seed rates, fertiliser application, cultivation regimes etc.) to map changes in soil nutrients over the course of the rotation. • Application of the tool on seven organic farms found that, of...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/32609/1/PA_014_ORC_NDICEA_final.pdf
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NDICEA - Nitrogen Planer – version 6.2 Organic Eprints
Burgt, G.J.H.M..
NDICEA presents an integrated assessment of the question of nitrogen availability for organic crops. During the growing season, the model compares net available nitrogen from manures, crop residues, green manures, additional fertilisers and the soil, with the crop specific demand on a daily basis. The release of nitrogen from different types of organic matter in the soil is calculated, considering soil type, temperature, rainfall and losses due to leaching and denitrification. The NDICEA model has been developed, tested and used during more than 15 years by the Louis Bolk Instituut in the Netherlands. The interface is user-friendly, with complex calculations in the background. This offers an easy way to obtain a reliable indication of the nitrogen and...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Nutrient turnover; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/31675/6/NDICEA_Cover.png
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New ways of stubble cultivation Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas.
Creeping thistles, couch grass and broad-leaved docks cause more and more trouble in organic agriculture. In order to keep them at bay, a stubble cultivation adapted to the soil type and crop rotation needs to be developed. Just after the harvest is the best time to weaken the root weeds. Nowadays, many different machines are available, such as disc harrows, flat cultivators and skimmers. Each of the three types provides a soil-preserving alternative to the plough. However, which machine is best for which soil and crop rotation? The video helps to answer this question. It shows the functionalities as well as the strengths and weaknesses of different machines that can be used for stubble cultivation. Organic farmers talk about their soil type and their...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil; Weed management.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/31183/1/video.php_y%3Dhttps_%252F%252Fwww.youtube.com%252Fwatch_v%3DNc_jZHq2M8w%26index%3D15%26list%3DPL1dOum9RiVPgnHqie0mqIQakpPTWwYfso
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Nitrogen budget calculator. A tool to calculate N-budgets in organic forage systems Organic Eprints
Reckling, Moritz; Stein-Bachinger, Karin; Bachinger, Johann.
The purpose of the tool is to help farmers in estimating the N content of forages based on the percentage of legumes, the management and harvesting method. It is based on an Excell file that uses two databases containing information on site specific forages. It is a Decision Support Tool (DSS) in 2 languages, easy and fast to use. It is complemented by other tools (on crop rotation, legume content estimation) available on the web page and by other information materials. To go to the tool please go to "Software Tools Ökolandbau" and then "Stickstoff-SaldoRechner". To Switch to the German version, go to the top of the page and click on "DE".
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Pasture and forage crops; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/29267/1/Nbudget_calculator.xls
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Nitrogen supply for winter oilseed rape Organic Eprints
Daniel, Claudia; Dierauer, Hansueli; Clerc, Maurice; Conder, Malgorzarta; Weidmann, Gilles.
Optimal fertilisation ensures that the current rapeseed varieties and reach their full yield potential. Practical recommendation • In conventional cultivation, the nitrogen uptake of winter oilseed rape amounts to 140 kg N per ha for a yield expectation of 35 dt per ha. In organic agriculture, about 100 kg suffice for a yield expectation of 20-25 dt. • The ideal time for cultivating oilseed rape is after grass-clover or legumes. After grains, apply about 30 tonnes per ha of manure or manure compost before cultivating rapeseed. • In dry conditions in spring, an early single application of nitrogen is preferable to two smaller applications. In the case of slurry with a low N content, two applications are often required because maximum of 40 m3 of slurry...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Composting and manuring Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31024/13/PA_009_Stickstoffduengung-Winterraps_QR.pdf
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No-till cultivation of maize in rolled forage peas Organic Eprints
Dierauer, Hansueli; Siegrist, Franziska; Weidmann, Gilles.
The non-tilled, constantly covered soil has improved water retention and also shows a better carrying capacity during harvest, and is less affected by weed infestation, compaction, nutrient-leaching, and erosion. Stockless farms especially benefit from the nitrogen input of the legume-green manure. • At the beginning of August, carry out 1 to 2 stubble-tillage operations after cereal or rape harvest. • Sow the wintering forage peas in October. • At the end of May, kink the peas' stems with a knife-cylinder roller, after which you drill in the maize with row cleaners. The green manure lying on the ground must be properly dried off for sowing. • The mineralisation performance, lowered due to the soil cover, can be compensated for with focused nitrogen...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Soil tillage.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31020/33/PA_005_Direct-sowing-maize_final_QR.pdf
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Nutrient Budgeting: Organic Considerations for Implementing NRCS CPS 590 Organic Eprints
Brown, Sarah.
This webinar is focused on nutrient management on organic systems. It is addressed to US farmers, especially in the part dedicated to regulations. Agronomic information presented by the relator will be useful also for European organic farmers, both experts and newcomers. It is organised in sections: US regulations; evaluation of crops nutrient requirements; evaluation of nutrients release from organic matter, amendments and cover crops; fertilization, timing and application methods; leaching and runoff risk. Data values are presented in US units of measure: pounds per acre. The conversion factor to kg per ha is nearly 1 (1.12), so quite straightforward.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Nutrient turnover; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/32602/1/Nutrient_budgetWeb.png
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Nutrient management in farms in conversion to organic Organic Eprints
Kolbe, Hartmut.
This report, adapted for Saxony, serves converting farmers supported by local advisors as a guideline for a balanced nutrient management at farm level. Essentials of nutrient supply and management measures to consider during the conversion are described to guarantee a successful farming with a naturally based nutrient management. Especially for the conversion phase it is recommended to calculate nitrogen balance after each crop rotation with the help of advisors. This report shows the methodology and frequency for assessing parameters, which result in an overall input-output nitrogen balance. The farmers will get estimations on long-term yielding, optimization potentials in crop rotation and improvements of fertilization strategies. To implement...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/30591/1/Naehrstoffmanagement_im_Umstellungsbetrieb.pdf
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Nutrient supply Organic Eprints
The web platform offers to the reader a compilation of information pages dealing with nitrogen supply of a farm from different sources. Sources come from different measures in crop management as crop rotation, legume cultivation, intercropping, precropping, in manure management as green manure, farmyard manure, slurry and compost and organic fertilizers. This platform explains for each measure its benefits, limitations, site-specific preconditions and adequate application, to help the farmer understand and choose between possible measures to take in order to increase soil quality and optimize the N-cycle at farm level.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/30575/1/30575.png
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Oekolandbau.de: portal for organic plant production Organic Eprints
This web platform about organic production is systematically structured into different types of plant production, which is subdivided into various arable crop types – cereals, grain legumes, oil crops, tubers, intercrops and fodder crops - and other crop production. The clearly arranged platform provides a broad, easy to find knowledge with some ready-to use and step-by-step recommendations i.e. correct seedbed preparation, sowing time and density for legumes and so on. The user can find habitat and soil requirements, pest, disease and weed control and harvest are described for a successful crop-specific production. Additional information is free for download in each section, as the EU-legislation and the input list. The quality of a sections` content...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/30562/1/30562.png
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Online determination tool for pests Organic Eprints
Preissel, Sara; Kühne, Stefan; Adler, Cornel.
Stock pests can cause severe damage to agricultural products. In addition, it is sometimes difficult to determine the pest and know what measures would be most helpful.. The online tool helps determine the pest and provides information on its biology and suitable measures. It contains data on more than 40 storage pests, and it is being expanded continuously. First, the pests can be filtered by organism group, location of infestation and infected product. Thus, only matching pests are displayed in a list. For each pest, there is a description of its appearance and biology, its pattern of damage and suitable control strategies. The tool only suggests measures that are permitted in organic farming. Therefore, it can be quite helpful for organic farmers,...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31998/1/31998_Bestimmungshilfen_fuer_Schaderreger_Unkraeuter_und_Vorratsschaedlinge-Erzeuger.pdf
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Oregon Tilth 2017 WEBINAR SERIES Organic Eprints
Tilth, Oregon.
Oregon tilth webinars promote the transition to organic farming through practical illustrations of good agronomic practices and organic policies. Practices are explained through field trials conducted by the extension services and farmers direct experiences. They can be accessed any time and offer a certificate of participation. Webinars are targeted both to converted farmers and experienced organic farmers. Being agronomic themes (i.e. cover crops, soil regenerative practices, resources conservation), also conventional farmers can profit from them. These webinars are focused on arable land and on non-ruminant livestock of the North Western part of the USA. Some of them are specific for that area (grant policies, surveys), others are more generic and the...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32601/1/Oregon_tilth.jpg
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Organic Cereals Organic Eprints
Dierauer, Hansueli.
This leaflet gives detailed and condensed instructions for a successful cereal production for food and feed grain, i.e. summer and winter wheat, spelt, rye, barley, oat, triticale, emmer and einkorn. A Swiss farmer can learn how to improve its quality, with the given criteria in variety choice. Besides the protein content a producer should consider, wet gluten content, Zeleny-values and a high hectolitre weight for a high baking quality. Soil and climatic requirements, strengths and weaknesses are listed for each variety to help the farmer choose the appropriate one. Techniques and practical recommendations on crop rotations, nutrient supply, manuring, sowing, undersowing, pest and disease control, weed management, harvest, and storage are listed....
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/30576/1/1011-biogetreide.pdf
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