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Development of chitosan-glucose and chitosan-citric complexes edible coating to improve tomatoes post-harvest quality CIGR Journal
A., El-Beltagy; Eissa, Ayman H. Amer; S., El-Sayed.
 The effect of different shrimp chitosan molecular weights as well as shrimp chitosan complexes (chitosan-glucose and chitosan-citric) on the quality characteristics of the stored (at 7°C±2°C and 90% RH) tomato fruits (Lycopersicum esculentum) was investigated.  Coating tomatoes with high molecular weight chitosan (H.M.C.G) significantly improved firmness and weight loss.  The lowest weight loss was found in high molecular weight chitosan-glucose (H.M.C.G) treatment followed by the fruits coated with high molecular weight chitosan (HMC) and then uncoated tomato fruits.  Both molecular weights was clear on retarding the total acidity loss especially for stored tomato fruit coated with low molecular weight chitosan, while control tomatoes exhibited a larger...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Engineering and postharvest technology Chitosan; Edible Coating; Tomatoes; Firmness and Weight loss..
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/2392
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Leviathan Buscador Latinoamericano
a film by Lucien Castaing-Taylor and Verena Paravel; Castaing-Taylor, Lucien.
Tipo: MovingImage Palavras-chave: DOCUMENTAL; PESCA MARINA.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.flacso.org.ec/biblio/shared/biblio_view.php?bibid=134771&tab=opac&oai:flacso.org.ec:134771
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Hungry for change farmers, food justice and the agrarian question Buscador Latinoamericano
A. Haroon Akram-Lodhi; Akram-Lodhi, A. Haroon.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: INDUSTRIA ALIMENTARIA; SUMINISTRO DE ALIMENTOS; AGRICULTURA; ASPECTOS SOCIALES.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.flacso.org.ec/biblio/shared/biblio_view.php?bibid=132263&tab=opac&oai:flacso.org.ec:132263
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Resposta inflamatória em tilápias suplementadas com uncaria tomentosa, avaliação do tempo de fornecimento MV&Z
A., Jefferson Yunis; Delgado, Daniel Cala; Claudiano, Gustavo S.; Marcusso, Paulo F.; Oliveira, Marcos A.; Moraes, Flávio R.; Fernandes, João B. K..
Os incas e as tribos amazônicas têm usado a planta “unha de gato” (Uncaria tomentosa), por suas propriedades imunoestimulantes no tratamento de diferentes moléstias. Os principais princípios ativos desta planta são alcaloides oxindólicos, derivados do ácido quinóvico e polifenóis de baixo peso molecular. Não existe informação sobre seus efeitos em peixes. Assim, o presente trabalho visou avaliar o efeito do tempo de suplementação dietética de ração contendo extrato de unha de gato sobre a resposta inflamatória em tilápias do Nilo (Oreochromis niloticus). Para tanto, 108 tilápias (40,8±3,2g; 10,5±1,5) foram utilizadas, distribuídas aleatoriamente em 6 caixas de 200l. Os peixes foram alimentados com ração suplementada com 150mg.kg-1do extrato durante três...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Imunoestimulante; Atividade imune; Hematologia; Tilápia; Streptococcus agalactiae.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.revistamvez-crmvsp.com.br/index.php/recmvz/article/view/20085
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Restricted use of antibiotics in organic pig farming Organic Eprints
Aabo, Søren; Jensen, Annette Nygaard.
Can the restricted use of antibiotics in organic pig farming be documented to provide a safer, high quality meat product with less antibiotic resistant bacteria? The project SafeOrganic aims to document that the restricted use of antimicrobials in organic pig production leads to lower levels of antibiotic resistant bacteria compared with the level in conventional pigs. However, the project will also address the risk of losing this quality parameter, due to a widespread practice of slaughtering organic pigs together with conventional pigs,implying a risk of cross-contamination.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Pigs.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/22541/13/22541.pdf
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Evaluation of the haematology and biochemistry of Clarias gariepinus as biomakers of environmental pollution in Tiga dam, Nigeria BABT
Abalaka,Samson Eneojo.
This study aimed to evaluate the haematological and biochemical changes in Clarias gariepinus as biomarkers of environmental pollution in Tiga dam, Nigeria (wild aquatic environment). Water and fishes were sampled twice, a week apart, from the controlled and the wild aquatic environment. There were no significant (p&gt;0.05) differences between the temperature, pH and dissolved oxygen contents of both aquatic environments. Similarly, there were no significant (p&gt;0.05) changes in the haematological parameters of the reared and wild the C. gariepinus except in their white blood cell counts, which were significantly (p<0.05) higher in wild C. gariepinus. The activities of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and alkaline...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Catfish; Serum enzymes; Serum metabolites; Blood values; Aquatic environment.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132013000300004
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Contamination chimique du milieu marin : de la mesure à l'évaluation des risques ArchiMer
Abarnou, Alain.
This activity report entitled (“Chemical contamination of the marine environment: from measurement to risk assessment”) summarizes the main stages my career at Ifremer from November 1975 to june 2013. The first chapter deals with the seawater chlorination and chlorinated waters released into the sea, the identification and the conditions of the formation of various by-product of these processes. The second chapter concerns PCBs, their nature, their chemical analysis in environmental matrices. PCBs are considered as the best examples of persistant and bioaccumulable compounds and therefore, in all this report they are flagship contaminants to which other groups of studied substances are compared. The third chapter refers to studies performed within marine...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chlore; Chloration de l’eau de mer; Oxydant; Bromoforme; Impact environnemental; Mécanismes réactionnels; Désinfection; Polluants organiques persistants (POP); PCB; Dioxines; HAP; PBDE; Chlordécone; Baie de Seine; Organismes marins; Moules; Poissons; Surveillance environnementale; Analyse; Bioaccumulation; Chlorine; Seawater chlorination; Oxidizing agent; Bromoform; Environmental impact; Reaction mechanisms; Disinfection; Persitsent organic pollutants (POPs); PCBs; Dioxins; PAHs; PBDEs; Chlordecone (kepone); Baie de Seine; Marine organisms; Mussel; Fish; Environmental monitoring; Chemical analysis; Bioaccumulation.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00168/27946/26237.pdf
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Juan José Bianchini (30/10/1937 - 19/11/2013) Mastozool. neotrop.
Abba,Agustín M; Merino,Mariano L.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0327-93832013000200018
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2-Phenitidine derivatives as suitable inhibitors of butyrylcholinesterase BJPS
Abbasi,Muhammad Athar; Aziz-ur-Rehman,; Qureshi,Muhammad Zahid; Khan,Farhan Mehmood; Khan,Khalid Mohmmed; Ashraf,Muhammad; Afzal,Iftikhar.
This manuscript reports the synthesis of a series of N-substituted derivatives of 2-phenitidine. First, the reaction of 2-phenitidine (1) with benzene sulfonyl chloride (2) yielded N-(2-ethoxyphenyl) benzenesulfonamide (3), which further on treatment with sodium hydride and alkyl halides (4a-g) furnished into new sulfonamides (5a-g). Second, the phenitidine reacted with benzoyl chloride (6) and acetyl chloride (8) to yield the reported N-benzoyl phenitidine (7) and N-acetyl phenitidine (9), respectively. These derivatives were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, ¹H-NMR, and EI-MS, and then screened against acetylcholinesterase, butylcholinesterase, and lipoxygenase enzyme, and were found to be potent inhibitors of butyrylcholinesterase alone.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 2-Phenitidine/inhibitor activity; Sulfonamides; Acetamide; Benzamide; Butyrylcholinesterase.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-82502013000100014
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A new species of Nassarius (Gastropoda, Nassariidae) from Canopus Bank, off Northeast Brazil Pap. Avulsos de Zool. (São Paulo)
Abbate,Daniel; Cavallari,Daniel Caracanhas.
Nassarius levis sp. nov. is described from Canopus Bank, off Ceará, Northeast Brazil, based on shell morphology. It differs from other Brazilian species of the genus in having a more elongate shell, with a weakly developed parietal shield and a notably smooth surface. This last trait has not yet been described among the Western Atlantic Nassarius, but it is common to other congeners from the Eastern Atlantic, such as Nassarius elatus (Gould, 1845) and the Indo-Pacific, such as Nassarius excellens (Kuroda &amp; Habe, 1961).
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Deep-water; Nassariinae; Smooth sculpture.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0031-10492013000100001
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Successful use of gentamycin as an antibiotic prophylaxis regimen to reduce the rate of healthcare-associated infections after renal transplantation BJID
Abboud,Cely S.; Bergamasco,Maria Daniela; Sousa,Ercilia Evangelista de; Zandonadi,Eliana de Cássia; Cortez,Doralice.
At our institution, we observed an increase in the incidence of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) due to Gram-negative bacilli, including three cases of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae, among patients who underwent renal transplantation. In addition to strengthening infection control measures, we chose to add gentamycin to the antibiotic prophylaxis regimen of patients undergoing renal transplantation. We assessed the number of HAI occurring within 30 days of renal transplantation during two time periods: (1) the preintervention period, between September 2009 and June 2010, and (2) the post-intervention period, between July 2010 and April 2011. The intervention consisted of the addition of gentamycin to the surgical antibiotic prophylaxis...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Renal transplantation; Antibiotic prophylaxis; Gentamycin; Health-care associated infections.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702013000200021
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Biomass production, elemental and fibre composition of Brachiaria produced under free air carbon dioxide enrichment conditions. Repositório Alice
ABDALLA, A. L.; GHINI, R.; NATEL, A. S.; FAGUNDES, G. M.; ABDALLA, A. L.; LOUVANDINI, H; TORRE NETO, A..
2013
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Mudanças climáticas; Brachiaria; Fibra bruta; Biomassa; Clima; Dióxido de carbono; Climate change; Carbon dioxide; Brachiaria; Biomass production.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/981745
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Taxonomic relationships in some Vicia species from Egypt, based on seed morphology and SDS-PAGE of seed proteins - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v35i4.19345 Biological Sciences
Abdel Khalik, Kadry Nabeh; Sohag University, Faculty of Science; Al Gohary, Iman Hussien.
The seed morphology and seed proteins of 11 Vicia taxa from Egypt were studied. Macro- and micro-morphological characters, including seed shape, color, size, hilum shape and seed sculpture were described and analyzed. The secondary sculpture of the cell wall varies from papillose in nearly all Vicia species to lophate in V. hirsuta. Further, the seed proteins of studied taxa were investigated by SDS-PAGE and 39 different bands were scored. The similarity analysis based on the SDS-PAGE profile and seed morphology was found to be a useful characteristic for the discrimination of Vicia species both on the subgeneric and the sectional levels. The present study did not acknowledge V. tetrasperma and V. hirsuta as subgenus Ervum. As a result, division of Vicia...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Taxonomy Taxonomy; Vicia; Seed proteins; Seed morphology; Sections taxonomy Vicia.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciBiolSci/article/view/19345
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Genetic similarity among Tunisian cultivated olive estimated through SSR markers Scientia Agricola
Abdelhamid,Sofiane; Grati-kamoun,Naziha; Marra,Francesco; Caruso,Tiziano.
Olive (Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea var. europaea) is one of the oldest fruit tree in the Mediterranean basin, and is cultivated for oil and canned fruit. Part of this interest is driven by the economic importance of olive oil which is increasing throughout the world due to its beneficial effect to human health. In Tunisia, olive has great socio-economic importance, with more than 60 millions olive trees cultivated for olive oil production including a wide range of cultivars which are widely extended from the north to the south regions of the country for its high economic value. Here, we applied microsatellites (SSRs) molecular markers to assess the genetic variability of the most important Tunisian olive cultivars. In total, the 10 simple sequence...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Olea europaea; Genetic diversity; Microsatellite; Genetic relationships.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162013000100006
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Genomic efforts for soybean improvement in Brazil. Repositório Alice
ABDELNOOR, R. V..
2013
Tipo: Outras publicações científicas (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Soja.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/952784
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Análise química da biomassa. Repositório Alice
ABDELNUR, P. V.; RODRIGUES, C. M..
2013
Tipo: Capítulo em livro científico (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Biomassa; Estudos analíticos; Biomassa lignocelulósica.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/969547
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Conus vexillum venom induces oxidative stress in Ehrlich's ascites carcinoma cells: an insight into the mechanism of induction J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Abdel-Rahman,Mohamed A; Abdel-Nabi,Ismail M; El-Naggar,Mohamed S; Abbas,Osama A; Strong,Peter N.
Background It is estimated that venoms of marine cone snails (genus Conus) contain more than 100,000 different small peptides with a wide range of pharmacological and biological actions. Some of these peptides were developed into potential therapeutic agents and as molecular tools to understand biological functions of nervous and cardiovascular systems. In this study we examined the cytotoxic and anticancer properties of the marine vermivorous cone snail Conus vexillum (collected from Hurgada and Sharm El-Shaikh, Red Sea, Egypt) and suggest the possible mechanisms involved. The in vitro cytotoxic effects of Conus venom were assessed against Ehrlich’s ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells. Results Conus venom treatment resulted in concentration-dependent...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Conus vexillum venom; Ehrlich’s cells; Oxidative stress; Cancer; Egypt.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992013000100307
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Determinants of crop diversity and composition in Enset-coffee agroforestry homegardens of Southern Ethiopia JARTS
Abebe, Tesfaye.
Households in much of the tropics depend for their livelihoods on the variety and continued production of food and other products that are provided by their own farms. In such systems, maintenance of agrobiodiversity and ensuring food security are important for the well being of the population. The enset-coffee agroforestry homegardens of Southern Ethiopia that are dominated by two native perennial crops, Coffee (Coffea arabica L.) and Enset (Enset ventricosum Welw. Cheesman), are examples of such agricultural systems. This study was conducted in Sidama administrative zone of Southern Ethiopia to determine the factors that influence the diversity and composition of crops in the systems. Data were collected from 144 sample homegardens selected from four...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agronomy and crop Science; Agroforestry; Agroecology; Agroforestry systems; Coffee; Crop diversity; Enset; Homegardens; Sidama.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2013030542580
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Estudo retrospectivo da doença Valvar Degenerativa Crônica em cães atendidos no hospital veterinário de pequenos animais da UFRRJ, no período de agosto de 2011 à maio de 2013 MV&Z
Aben Athar, C.V; Bahia, M.C; Faleiro, R.D; Paiva, J.P.
A doença valvar degenerativa crônica de mitral (DVDCM) é a cardiopatia mais comum e principal causa de insuficiência cardíaca Congestiva (ICC) em cães de meia idade a idosos, acometendo principalmente raças pequena e miniaturas. Seu diagnóstico é baseado nos achados clínicos, radiográficos, eletroardiogáficos e ecocardiográficos. O Colégio Americano de Medicina Interna Veterinária (ACVIM) traz diretrizes para a classificação e tratamento da DVDCM, classificando a doença nos estágios A, B (B1 e B2), C e D. Após o exame clínico e a realização de exames complementares, o paciente é classificado e o tratamento adequeado é implementado. Método: Realizou-se o estudo retrospectivo dos cães atendidos no Hospital Veterinário de Pequenos Animais da Universidade...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.revistamvez-crmvsp.com.br/index.php/recmvz/article/view/16861
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Surveillance écologique et halieutique du site électronucléaire de Flamanville. Année 2012 - Rapport scientifique annuel ArchiMer
Abernot-le Gac, Chantal; Antajan, Elvire; Devreker, David; Dreves, Luc; Martin, Jocelyne; Monbet, Philippe; Schapira, Mathilde; Schlaich, Ivan.
The monitoring report (n° 30) of the nuclear power plant located in Flamanville (France) takes into account studies carried out between March and September 2012. Environmental effects and potential impacts of the aquatic system are reported through different chapters : hydrology, microbiology, phytoplankton, zooplankton, fisheries, intertidal phytobenthos and zoobenthos. This power plant has been in operation for twenty seven years.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Centrale nucléaire; Flamanville; Surveillance; Benthos; Halieutique; Pelagos; Flamanville; Monitoring; Nuclear power plant; Benthos; Fisheries; Pelagos.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00139/24998/23096.pdf
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