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Registros recuperados: 40
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A COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF ORGANIC PRODUCE CONSUMERS IN NEW JERSEY TO NEW YORK AND PENNSYLVANIA AgEcon
Shuzzler, Alice; Govindasamy, Ramu; Adelaja, Adesoji O..
This comparative study seeks to distinguish the organic consumers of New Jersey from those of New York and Pennsylvania. The objective of the study is to document the characteristics of New Jersey organic produce consumers and compare the profile to New York and Pennsylvania consumers. Econometric methods will be used to model behavior and characteristics of consumers who frequently buy organic produce, and of consumers who are willing to pay 10 percent or more extra for organic produce than for conventional produce. Comparing models for New Jersey to those for New York and Pennsylvania will provide a framework for determining the significant characteristics unique to New Jersey's organic produce consumers.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/27939
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A MULTI-PRODUCT ANALYSIS OF ENERGY DEMAND IN AGRICULTURAL SUBSECTORS AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Hoque, Anwarul.
A multi-product cost function model was used to analyze energy demand in various agricultural subsectors. This approach has advantages over previously used approaches since it reduces aggregation bias, considers technological jointness, and provides various disaggregative measures related to energy input demand. When fitted to West Virginia county level data, labor and miscellaneous inputs in crop and livestock production were found to be substitutes for energy, while capital, machinery, and fertilizer were complementary to energy. Energy demand was inelastic and increases in machinery prices had the largest reduction effect on energy demand. Technological change was found to be capital, machinery, and fertilizer using, but it was labor and energy saving....
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29795
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ANALYSIS OF CONSUMERS' INTEREST IN ALTERNATIVE FOOD DELIVERY SYSTEMS: RESULTS FROM A CONSUMERS' SURVEY IN NEW JERSEY AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Hossain, Ferdaus.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/27428
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BUSINESS CLIMATE OF FOOD FIRMS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS FACED BY FOOD MANUFACTURERS, WHOLESALERS, RETAILERS AND SERVICE INSTITUTIONS IN NEW JERSEY AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Nayga, Rodolfo M., Jr.; Tank, Karen Rose; Schilling, Brian J..
This paper presents the problems facing food firms using information from focus groups of industry executives from New Jersey. The leading problems for food manufacturers are related to regulation, taxation, economic development, and high business costs. For food wholesalers the leading problems are transportation, regulation, labor quality, training and education, and public relations. Food retailers cite litigation and liability, high business costs, regulation, and insurance costs as leading problems. For food service firms, regulation, licensing and permits, labor quality and costs, and high business costs are the most pressing problems. Policy recommendations for improving the business climate are provided.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26604
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Chemical Use Reductions in Urban Fringe Agriculture AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Sullivan, Kevin P.; Hailu, Yohannes G.; Govindasamy, Ramu.
Using an augmented profit function framework designed to account for externalities related to chemical use in agriculture, this paper explains the chemical use choices of farmers in an urban fringe farming environment. It further estimates empirical logit models of reduced insecticide, fungicide, herbicide, and fertilizer usage. Results suggest that farmers who perceive their regulatory environment to be strict, who have experienced right-to-farm conflicts, and who have farms larger in size are more likely to reduce their chemical use over time, vis-à-vis other farmers. The results also suggest the importance of other farm structural and business climate factors in determining chemical use reduction choices.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Chemical use; Sustainable agriculture; Herbicides; Fungicides; Fertilizer; Pesticides; Urban fringe; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95646
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CONSUMER ACCEPTANCE OF FOOD BIOTECHNOLOGY: WILLINGNESS TO BUY GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD PRODUCTS AgEcon
Hossain, Ferdaus; Onyango, Benjamin M.; Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Schilling, Brian J.; Hallman, William K..
Biotechnology is often viewed as the defining technology for the future of food and agriculture with the potential to deliver a wide range of economic and health benefits. Public acceptance of genetically modified food products is a critical factor for this emerging technology. Using data from a national survey, this study examines public acceptance of food biotechnology by modeling consumers’' willingness to buy genetically modified foods. Empirical results suggest that younger, white, male and college educated individuals are more likely to accept food biotechnology. Public confidence in scientists, corporations, as well as government has significant effects on consumer acceptance of food biotechnology. While religious views influence consumer acceptance...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18169
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CONSUMER KNOWLEDGE OF FOOD BIOTECHNOLOGY: A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY OF U.S. RESIDENTS AgEcon
Schilling, Brian J.; Hallman, William K.; Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Marxen, Lucas J..
A national survey conducted by the Food Policy Institute demonstrates the lack of knowledge and awareness most Americans have of genetically modified foods. The paper provides insight into public perceptions of food biotechnology's risks and benefits and a preliminary examination of consumers' stated preferences for genetically modified functional foods.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18183
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CONSUMER PERCEPTIONS OF FOOD BIOTECHNOLOGY: EVIDENCE FROM A SURVEY OF U.S. CONSUMERS AgEcon
Schilling, Brian J.; Hallman, William K.; Hossain, Ferdaus; Adelaja, Adesoji O..
This paper is a descriptive study of consumers’' self-reported knowledge, assumptions, and acceptance of genetically modified foods in the U.S. These findings are based on a national survey of consumers. Our findings demonstrate a rather low level of awareness among most Americans about bioengineered foods. Most Americans tend to view the use of biotechnology in food production with guarded optimism. While a majority believe that biotechnology will benefit many people, they also feel that the dangers of genetic modification warrant strict regulation of the technology. In general, there is greater support for the use of this technology in plants than in animals and in order to bring tangible benefits to consumers.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/27944
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CONSUMERS' INTEREST IN ALTERNATIVE FOOD DELIVERY SYSTEMS: RESULTS FROM A CONSUMER SURVEY IN NEW JERSEY AgEcon
Hossain, Ferdaus; Adelaja, Adesoji O..
Changes in consumer demographic composition, information technology, labor force participation, and time demands of the workplace have created demand as well as opportunities for the food retailing industry to deliver food using new alternative methods. Using a logit analysis, this study analyzes consumers’' interest in patronizing four alternative food delivery mechanisms by examining the impacts of various socioeconomic and preference variables on consumers'’ interest in using these services. Data for the study was obtained via surveys conducted at various locations in New Jersey to gather information on consumers’' socioeconomic conditions and their interest in using four different methods of accessing food. Empirical results suggest that younger...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/27754
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ENHANCING BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN THE FOOD WHOLESALE SECTOR: A CASE STUDY OF NEW JERSEY AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Nayga, Rodolfo M., Jr.; Tank, Karen Rose; Schilling, Brian J..
New Jersey is very much like many other states in the northeastern region of the United States. On the other hand, it is unique in a number of ways. New Jersey is characterized by (1) a large and affluent consumer base, (2) access to major ports and air transportation facilities which facilitates foreign imports and exports, and (3) large food manufacturing, retail and service sectors. New Jersey's food wholesale sector is therefore an important economic sector with strong potential for future growth. Food wholesalers can provide stable high-paying jobs in an economy still recovering from the 1989-92 recession. Limited knowledge of the challenges facing this sector may hinder its potential growth and development. Given the implications that could be...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/27846
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FACTOR DEMAND AND RETURNS TO SCALE IN MILK PRODUCTION: EFFECTS OF PRICE, SUBSTIUTION AND TECHNOLOGY AgEcon
Hoque, Anwarul; Adelaja, Adesoji O..
A translog cost function was estimated using pooled time series-cross section data from five Northeastern States to study structural changes in the dairy industry. The approach given in the duality theory was found useful in estimating the input demand structure under changing input prices and technology conditions. The estimated Allen partial elasticities of substitution show the existence of substitution between energy and non-energy inputs in dairy farming. Despite input price increases the dairy industry maintained competitiveness as seen by the returns to scale parameters.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28914
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Farmers Markets: Consumer Trends, Preferences, and Characteristics AgEcon
Govindasamy, Ramu; Zurbriggen, Marta; Italia, John; Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Nitzsche, Peter; VanVranken, Richard.
This study provides an overview of attitudes, preferences and characteristics of consumers who shop at farmers’ markets. Besides demographics, the characteristics examined in this report include consumption trends of fresh fruits and vegetables in terms of quantity and variety, preferences for organic produce, amount spent per visit, frequency of visits, number of farmers’ markets patronized, retail outlets visited by consumers during 1996, factors affecting where to purchase produce and consumers intentions to visit farmers’ markets in 1998. In addition, consumers’ expectations of quality, variety and the prices of farmers’ market produce compared to other retail facilities and a rating of farmers’ market characteristics are also presented. The results,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36722
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Farmers Markets: Managers’ Characteristics and Factors Affecting Market Organization AgEcon
Govindasamy, Ramu; Zurbriggen, Marta; Italia, John; Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Nitzsche, Peter; VanVranken, Richard.
The resurgence of farmers’ markets in New Jersey has been welcomed by farmers, consumers and municipalities alike. This form of direct marketing has the potential to benefit all three sectors simultaneously. Farmers’ markets allow growers to capture a greater share of the consumer’s food expenditure thus increasing their profitability. Similarly, consumers’ need for fresh, high quality commodities as well as for farm-based recreational experiences are met. Also, drawing customers to downtown areas can contribute to the revitalization of these areas by boosting the business of local retailers. However, despite their rapid spread throughout the state, no study has been conducted on the efficiency of the farmers’ markets in terms of management and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Industrial Organization; Marketing.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36723
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Farmers Markets: Producers Characteristics and Status of Their Businesses AgEcon
Govindasamy, Ramu; Zurbriggen, Marta; Italia, John; Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Nitzsche, Peter; VanVranken, Richard.
The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of the attributes of producers who participate in farmers’ markets and to examine different aspects of their operations. In addition to demographics, the characteristics explored in this report include farm size, acreage grown, wholesale and retail activities, location, and personnel employed. Data related to business development, ownership status, days of operation, products sold, marketing and organic production was also collected. The results show that the majority of New Jersey growers who retail through farmers’ markets began this type of activity since 1990 and while their businesses were still in a state of growth. However, the average number of acres planted and workers employed characterized...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Marketing.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36725
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INCOME OF FARMERS WHO USE DIRECT MARKETING AgEcon
Govindasamy, Ramu; Hossain, Ferdaus; Adelaja, Adesoji O..
Policy makers are looking for ways to preserve farmlands, especially near urban areas. Farmers are also trying to find ways to increase their farm income by incorporating non-traditional activities into their farm routine. This paper attempts to quantify the contributions of selected nontraditional activities towards farmers' efforts to enhance their farm income. For farmers involved in direct marketing, a logit model is used to estimate the probability of attaining high income for each activity considered, selling of farm related value-added products, greenhouse operations and urban location of farm markets will increase the chance o attaining high income levels.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Marketing.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31493
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LAND VALUES, MARKET FORCES, AND DECLINING DAIRY HERD SIZE: EVIDENCE FROM AN URBAN-INFLUENCED REGION AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Miller, Tracy; Taslim, Mohammad.
The role of land values in the dairy industry of an urban-influenced region is investigated by estimating a dairy herd equation based on pooled cross-section and time-series data from counties in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and New York. The use of cross-terms between hypothesized causal variables and a dummy variable capturing the effect of location allowed the estimation of the differences across states in the effects of milk, feed, and land prices. Results confirm the important role of rising land values in the decline of the dairy industry in the tri-state area, and suggest greater vulnerability of dairy enterprises in urban-influenced areas to rising adverse economic forces. The adverse effects of declining milk prices and higher land values are...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31507
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Municipal Land Use and the Financial Viability of Schools AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Gibson, Melissa.
Local schools are primarily funded through local property tax revenues, which are tied to property values and the distribution of value ranges within a community. Values, in turn, depend on the mix of lot sizes and building attributes (improvement characteristics), which are affected by zoning. Since lot size restrictions limit the size characteristics of homes (bedrooms, garages, building square footage, etc), it should constrain the number of school age kids emanating from a given homestead and that a school district services. Each home, depending on lot size, should exhibit differential impacts on school district revenues. Similarly, if lot size and the magnitude of other housing characteristics impact on the number of kids emanating from a home,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Optimal lot size; Zoning; School finances; District revenues and costs; Land Economics/Use; Public Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6412
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NEW CHALLENGES FACING AGRICULTURAL AND RESOURCE ECONOMICS DEPARTMENTS IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O..
Land/grant colleges were established to serve the public via a tripartite system of teaching, research, and extension. Agricultural economists have played a key role in this system in meeting agriculture's needs and are expanding this role to better cover the areas of food, natural resources and the environment. The declining economic importance of agriculture and the growing interest in relegating agriculture to free market forces has resulted in declining formula funding for the land grant system, greater emphasis on competitive funding, demands for greater accountability, and demands for a return to greater focus on public service, problem solving, and stakeholder involvement in the definition of research, teaching, and outreach agenda....
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31576
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New Economy Growth Decomposition in the U.S. AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Hailu, Yohannes G.; Abdulla, Majd.
The drivers of economic growth in what is called the New Economy has become an important policy question. As communities across the country face economic challenges and a new economic reality, the question of what works in the New Economy has emerged. This study aims to provide growth decomposition in the New Economy to identify key drivers of growth. It provides a conceptual, theoretical and empirical discussion of growth in the New Economy to solidify the theory and empirics of New Economy growth decomposition. Results suggest that growth in population, income and employment are mostly synergistic; innovation and talent are potent in the New Economy; population dynamics, especially in the young and retiree segment of the population are tied to local...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: New Economy; Growth decomposition; Economic policy; Talent; Innovation; Creative class; Green infrastructure; Synergistic growth; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49579
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NUTRITIONAL BENEFITS AND CONSUMER WILLINGNESS TO BUY GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS AgEcon
Hossain, Ferdaus; Onyango, Benjamin M.; Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Schilling, Brian J.; Hallman, William K..
This study analyzes U.S. consumers’' acceptance of genetically modified foods within the ordered-probit-model framework. The willingness to consumer three difference GM foods is modeled in terms of consumers’' economic, demographic, and value attributes. Empirical results indicate that respondents’' attitudes and perceptions of biotechnology and their views about various private and public institutions associated with this technology are important determinants of their acceptance of food biotechnology. We find that attitudinal variables have greater influence on the acceptance of food biotechnology than do consumers'’ economic and demographic attributes. We find significant difference in consumer attitudes between plant- and animal-based bioengineered...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/27934
Registros recuperados: 40
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