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Registros recuperados: 27
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A novel mcl PHA-producing bacterium, Pseudomonas guezennei sp nov, isolated from a 'kopara' mat located in Rangiroa, an atoll of French Polynesia ArchiMer
Simon-colin, Christelle; Alain, Karine; Colin, Sebastien; Cozien, Joelle; Costa, B; Guezennec, Jean; Raguenes, Gerard.
Aims: The aim of the present study was to describe an aerobic, mesophilic and heterotrophic bacterium, designated RA26, able to produce a medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA). It was isolated from a French Polynesian bacterial mat located in the atoll of Rangiroa. Methods and Results: This micro-organism, on the basis of the phenotypical features and genotypic investigations can be clearly assigned to the Pseudomonas genus and the name of Pseudomonas guezennei is proposed. Optimal growth occurs between 33 and 37 degrees C, at a pH between 6 4 and 7 1 and at ionic strength of 15 g 1(-1) of sea salts. The G+C content of DNA is 63.2%. Under laboratory conditions, this bacterium produced a novel, medium-chain-length PHA, mainly composed of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pseudomonas; Polyhydroxyalkanaote; Microbial mat; Kopara.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3858.pdf
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Anaerobic utilization of toluene by marine alpha- and gammaproteobacteria reducing nitrate ArchiMer
Alain, Karine; Harder, Jens; Widdel, Friedrich; Zengler, Karsten.
Aromatic hydrocarbons are among the main constituents of crude oil and represent a major fraction of biogenic hydrocarbons. Anthropogenic influences as well as biological production lead to exposure and accumulation of these toxic chemicals in the water column and sediment of marine environments. The ability to degrade these compounds in situ has been demonstrated for oxygen- and sulphate-respiring marine micro-organisms. However, if and to what extent nitrate-reducing bacteria contribute to the degradation of hydrocarbons in the marine environment and if these organisms are similar to their well-studied freshwater counterparts has not been investigated thoroughly. Here we determine the potential of marine prokaryotes from different sediments of the...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00120/23114/21171.pdf
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Approches culturales et moléculaires des assemblages microbiens associés aux polychètes hydrothermaux de la famille Alvinellidae ArchiMer
Alain, Karine.
Cultural and molecular approaches were used to analyse the microbial assemblages associated to the deep-sea hydrothermal vent polychaete worms of the family Alvinellidae. In a first part of the work, the populations associated to three alvinellid species from the Juan de Fuca Ridge (Paralvinella palmiformis, Paralvinella pandorae and Paralvinella sulfincola) were identified by phylogenetic analyses. A wide microbial diversity was detected, like a great number of new sequences or of sequences belonging to species previously unidentified at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. All the libraries were found to be dominated by sequences affiliated to the epsilon-Proteobacteria. In other respects, fermentative micro-organisms belonging to the Thermococcales, the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Paralvinella; Alvinella; 16S rRNA; Thermophile; Hydrothermal vent; Paralvinella; Alvinella; ARNr 16S; Thermophile; Source hydrothermale.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/these-332.pdf
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Caminicella sporogenes gen. nov., sp nov., a novel thermophilic spore-forming bacterium isolated from an East-Pacific Rise hydrothermal vent ArchiMer
Alain, Karine; Pignet, Patricia; Zbinden, M; Quillevere, M; Duchiron, F; Donval, Jean-pierre; Lesongeur, Francoise; Raguenes, Gerard; Crassous, Philippe; Querellou, Joel; Cambon-bonavita, Marie-anne.
A novel thermophilic, anaerobic, strictly chemoorganoheterotrophic bacterium, designated as AM1114(T), was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent sample from the East-Pacific Rise (EPR 13degrees N). The cells were long (3-10 mum) rods, motile with peritrichous flagella, and exhibited a Gram-negative cell wall ultrastructure. In the late stationary phase of growth, cells formed an ovoid, refractile, terminal endospore. They grew at 45-65 degreesC inclusive (optimum 55-60 degreesC; doubling time approx. 45 min), at pH 4.5-8.0 inclusive (optimum pH 7.5-8.0) and at sea salt concentrations of 20-60 g l(-1) inclusive (optimum 25-30 g l(-1)). Strain AM1114(T) was an obligately heterotrophic bacterium able to ferment a mixture of 20 amino acids, complex...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Caminicella sporogenes; Clostridiales; Thermophile; Deep sea hydrothermal vent.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2002/publication-528.pdf
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Complete genome sequence and whole-genome phylogeny of Kosmotoga pacifica type strain SLHLJ1T from an East Pacific hydrothermal sediment ArchiMer
Jiang, Lijing; L'Haridon, Stephane; Jebbar, Mohamed; Xu, Hongxiu; Alain, Karine; Shao, Zongze.
Kosmotoga pacifica strain SLHLJ1T is a thermophilic chemoorganoheterotrophic bacterium isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal sediment. It belongs to the physiologically homogeneous Thermotogaceae family. Here, we describe the phenotypic features of K. pacifica together with its genome sequence and annotation. The chromosome has 2,169,170 bp, organized in one contig. A total of 1897 candidate protein-encoding genes and 177 RNA genes were identified. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of this strain is distantly related to sequences of some relatives classified in the same genus (K. olearia 7.02% and K. shengliensis 7.83%), with dissimilarity percentages close to the threshold generally described for genus delineation. Nevertheless, the percentage of conserved...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine; Hydrothermal vent; Thermotogales; Chemoorganoheterotroph; Thermophile.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00371/48191/48324.pdf
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Complete Genome Sequence of Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Thermococcus sp. EXT12c, Isolated from the East Pacific Rise 9°N ArchiMer
Courtine, Damien; Alain, Karine; Georges, Myriam; Bienvenu, Nadège; Morrison, Hilary G.; Eren, A. Murat; Maignien, Lois.
We report the genome sequence of Thermococcus sp. EXT12c isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent at the East Pacific Rise 9°N. Microbes in the genus Thermococcus are able to grow anaerobically at high temperature, around neutral pH, and some of them under high hydrostatic pressure.
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Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00415/52652/53509.pdf
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Complete Genome Sequence of the Hyperthermophilic and Piezophilic Archeon Thermococcus piezophilus CDGS T , Able To Grow under Extreme Hydrostatic Pressures ArchiMer
Dalmasso, Cécile; Oger, Philippe; Courtine, Damien; Georges, Myriam; Takai, Ken; Maignien, Lois; Alain, Karine.
We report the genome sequence of Thermococcus superprofundus strain CDGST, a new piezophilic and hyperthermophilic member of the order Thermococcales isolated from the world’s deepest hydrothermal vents, at the Mid-Cayman Rise. The genome is consistent with a heterotrophic, anaerobic, and piezophilic lifestyle.
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Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00345/45616/45237.pdf
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Cultivating the uncultured: limits, advances and future challenges ArchiMer
Alain, Karine; Querellou, Joel.
Since the invention of the Petri dish, there have been continuous efforts to improve efficiency in microbial cultivation. These efforts were devoted to the attainment for diverse growth conditions, simulation of in situ conditions and achievement of high-throughput rates. As a result, prokaryotes catalysing novel redox reactions as well as representatives of abundant, but not-yet cultured taxa, were isolated. Significant insights into microbial physiology have been made by studying the small number of prokaryotes already cultured. However, despite these numerous breakthroughs, microbial cultivation is still a low-throughput process. The main hindrance to cultivation is likely due to the prevailing lack of knowledge on targeted species. In this review, we...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: High throughput cultivation; Cell cell communication; Microbial community; Metabolism; Isolation; Culture.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6820.pdf
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Desulfurobacterium crinifex sp.nov., a novel thermophilic, pinkish-streamer forming, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium isolated from a Juan de Fuca Ridge hydrothermal vent and amendment of the genus Desulfurobacterium ArchiMer
Alain, Karine; Rolland, Sophie; Crassous, Philippe; Lesongeur, Francoise; Zbinden, Magali; Le Gall, Christian; Godfroy, Anne; Page, Antoine; Juniper, S Kim; Cambon-bonavita, Marie-anne; Duchiron, Francis; Querellou, Joel.
A novel thermophilic, chemolithoautotrophic T bacterium, designated as NE1206(T), was isolated from a Juan de Fuca Ridge hydrothermal vent sample (tubes of the annelid polychaete Paralvinella sulfincola attached to small pieces of hydrothermal chimney). The cells were rod-shaped (1.2-3.5x0.4-0.7 mum), occurring as single motile rods or forming macroscopic aggregates visible as pinkish to brownish streamers. The new isolate was anaerobic. It grew between 50 and 70 degreesC (optimum 60-65 degreesC doubling time approximately 1 h 15 min at 60 degreesC), between pH 5.0 and 7.5 (optimum pH around 6.0-6.5) and at sea salts concentrations between 20 and 40 g l(-1) (optimum 30 g l(-1)). Cells grew chemolithoautotrophically in an H-2/CO2 atmosphere (80/20, v/v; 200...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Thermophile; Nitrate reducing; Lithotroph; Desulfurobacterium crinifex; Deep sea hydrothermal vent; Cell networks.
Ano: 2003 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-663.pdf
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Desulfurobacterium indicum sp nov., a thermophilic sulfur-reducing bacterium from the Indian Ocean ArchiMer
Cao, Junwei; Birien, Tiphaine; Gayet, Nicolas; Huang, Zhaobin; Shao, Zongze; Jebbar, Mohamed; Alain, Karine.
A novel sulfur-reducing bacterium, strain K6013(T), was isolated from a sulfide sample collected at a depth of 2771 m from a high-temperature hydrothermal vent in the Indian Ocean. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, anaerobic, motile rods (0.92.2 x 0.4-0.6 mu m). The strain grew at NaCl concentrations ranging from 1 to 4.5% (w/v) (optimum 2.5 %), at pH 5 to 8 (optimum pH 6), and at temperatures between 40 and 75 degrees C (optimum 65 degrees C). K6013(T) was an obligate chemolithoautotroph, using thiosulfate, sulfur and nitrate as terminal electron acceptors in the presence of H-2 but not sulfate, sulfite nor nitrite. The major cellular fatty acids were C-16 : 0 (17.4 %), C-18 : 1 omega 7c/C-18 : 1 omega 6c (ummed feature 8, 37.91 %), C-18 : 0 (18.29 %) and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Desulfurobacterium; Thermophilic; Hydrothermal vent; Chemolithoautotroph; Sulfur-reducer.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00395/50637/53724.pdf
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DNA extractions from deep subseafloor sediments: Novel cryogenic-mill-based procedure and comparison to existing protocols ArchiMer
Alain, Karine; Callac, Nolwenn; Ciobanu, Maria Cristina; Reynaud, Yann; Duthoit, Frederique; Jebbar, Mohamed.
Extracting DNA from deep subsurface sediments is challenging given the complexity of sediments types, low bio-masses, resting structures (spores, cysts) frequently encountered in deep sediments, and the potential presence of enzymatic inhibitors. Promising results for cell lysis efficiency were recently obtained by use of a cryogenic mill (Lipp et al., 2008). These findings encouraged us to devise a DNA extraction protocol using this tool. Thirteen procedures involving a combination of grinding in liquid nitrogen (for various durations and beating rates) with different chemical solutions (phenol, chloroform, SDS, sarkosyl, proteinase, GTC), or with use of DNA recovery kits (MagExtractor (R)) were compared. Effective DNA extraction was evaluated in terms of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sediment; DNA extraction; Deep subsurface biosphere.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00056/16691/14364.pdf
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Draft Genome of Halomonas lionensis RHS90 T , a Stress-Tolerant Gammaproteobacterium Isolated from Mediterranean Sea Sediments ArchiMer
Gaboyer, Frédéric; Maignien, Loïs; Jebbar, Mohamed; Alain, Karine.
Members of the genus Halomonas are physiologically versatile and harbor ecological adaptations enabling the colonization of contrasted environments. We present here the draft genome of Halomonas lionensis RHS90T, isolated from Mediterranean Sea sediments. Numerous genes related to stress tolerance, DNA repair, or external signal-sensing systems were predicted, which could represent selective advantages of this marine bacterium.
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Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00388/49906/50477.pdf
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Draft Genome Sequence of Phaeobacter leonis Type Strain 306, an Alphaproteobacterium Isolated from Mediterranean Sea Sediments ArchiMer
Gaboyer, Frédéric; Malgnien, Loïs; Jebbar, Mohamed; Alain, Karine.
Phaeobacter leonis strain 306T is an alphaproteobacterium isolated from Mediterranean Sea sediments. It belongs to the genus Phaeobacter, which was recently proposed and is still poorly characterized. In an effort to better understand the fundamental aspects of the microbiology of this genus, we present here the 4.82-Mb draft genome sequence of Phaeobacter leonis strain 306T.
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Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00390/50186/50809.pdf
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Effect of variation of environmental conditions on the microbial communities of deep-sea vent chimneys, cultured in a bioreactor ArchiMer
Byrne, Nathalie; Lesongeur, Francoise; Bienvenu, Nadege; Geslin, Claire; Alain, Karine; Prieur, Daniel; Godfroy, Anne.
Both cultivation and molecular techniques were used to investigate the microbial diversity and dynamic of a deep-sea vent chimney. The enrichment cultures performed in a gas-lift bioreactor were inoculated with a black smoker chimney sample collected on TAG site on the mid-Atlantic ridge. To mimic as close as possible environmental conditions, the cultures were performed in oligotrophic medium with nitrogen, hydrogen and carbon dioxide (N-2/H-2/CO2) gas sweeping. Also, the temperature was first settled at a temperature of 85A degrees C and colloidal sulphur was added. Then, the temperature was lowered to 60A degrees C and sulphur was omitted. Archaeal and bacterial diversity was studied in both culture and natural samples. Through 16S rRNA gene sequences...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: 16S rRNA genes; Oligotrophic condition; Environmental condition; Bioreactor; Continuous enrichment culture; Microbial diversity; Deep sea hydrothermal vent.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6920.pdf
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Genome Sequence of the Piezophilic, Mesophilic Sulfate-Reducing Bacterium Desulfovibrio indicus J2(T) ArchiMer
Cao, Junwei; Maignien, Lois; Shao, Zongze; Alain, Karine; Jebbar, Mohamed.
The complete genome sequence of Desulfovibrio indicus J2(T), a member of the family Desulfovibrionaceae, consists of 3,966,573-bp in one contig and encodes 3,461 predicted genes, 5 noncoding RNAs, 3 rRNAs operons, and 52 tRNA-encoding genes. The genome is consistent with a heterotrophic, anaerobic lifestyle including the sulfate reduction pathway.
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Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00601/71311/69740.pdf
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Genomic Insights into the Carbon and Energy Metabolism of a Thermophilic Deep-Sea Bacterium Deferribacter autotrophicus Revealed New Metabolic Traits in the Phylum Deferribacteres ArchiMer
Slobodkin, Alexander; Slobodkina, Galina; Allioux, Maxime; Alain, Karine; Jebbar, Mohamed; Shadrin, Valerian; Kublanov, Ilya; Toshchakov, Stepan; Bonch-osmolovskaya, Elizaveta.
nformation on the biochemical pathways of carbon and energy metabolism in representatives of the deep lineage bacterial phylum Deferribacteres are scarce. Here, we report the results of the sequencing and analysis of the high-quality draft genome of the thermophilic chemolithoautotrophic anaerobe Deferribacter autotrophicus. Genomic data suggest that CO2 assimilation is carried out by recently proposed reversible tricarboxylic acid cycle (“roTCA cycle”). The predicted genomic ability of D. autotrophicus to grow due to the oxidation of carbon monoxide was experimentally proven. CO oxidation was coupled with the reduction of nitrate to ammonium. Utilization of CO most likely involves anaerobic [Ni, Fe]-containing CO dehydrogenase. This is the first evidence...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Autotrophic; Thermophile; RoTCA cycle; CO oxidation; Fe(III)-reduction; Nitrate reduction.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00589/70078/68051.pdf
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In-depth analyses of deep subsurface sediments using 454-pyrosequencing reveals a reservoir of buried fungal communities at record-breaking depths ArchiMer
Redou, Vanessa; Ciobanu, Maria Cristina; Pachiadaki, Maria G.; Edgcomb, Virginia; Alain, Karine; Barbier, Georges; Burgaud, Gaetan.
The deep subseafloor, extending from a few centimeters below the sediment surface to several hundred meters into sedimentary deposits, constitutes the deep biosphere and harbors an unexpected microbial diversity. Several studies have described the occurrence, turnover, activity and function of subseafloor prokaryotes; however, subsurface eukaryotic communities still remain largely underexplored. Ribosomal RNA surveys of superficial and near-surface marine sediments have revealed an unexpected diversity of active eukaryotic communities, but knowledge of the diversity of deep subseafloor microeukaryotes is still scarce. Here, we investigated the vertical distribution of DNA and RNA fungal signatures within subseafloor sediments of the Canterbury basin (New...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: 454 pyrotag; Canterbury basin; Deep subseafloor; Fungi; Microeukaryotes.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00247/35810/34418.pdf
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Kosmotoga pacifica sp. nov., a thermophilic chemoorganoheterotrophic bacterium isolated from an East Pacific hydrothermal sediment ArchiMer
L'Haridon, Stephane; Jiang, Lijing; Alain, Karine; Chalopin, Morgane; Rouxel, Ouafae; Beauverger, Mikael; Xu, Hongxiu; Shao, Zongze; Jebbar, Mohamed.
A novel strictly anaerobic thermophilic heterotrophic bacterium, strain SLHLJ1T, was isolated from a Pacific hydrothermal sediment. Cells were Gram-negative coccobacilli (approximately 1.0 × 0.6 μm) with a toga. It grew at temperatures between 33 and 78 °C (optimum 70 °C). Elemental sulphur and l-cystine stimulated its growth. It contained C16:0, C16:1 ω11c, C18:0 and C18:1 ω9c as major fatty acids (>5 %), 3 phospholipids and 2 glycolipids as polar lipids. Its DNA G+C content was 43.7 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed strain SLHLJ1T within the family Thermotogaceae. The novel isolate was most closely related to Kosmotoga arenicorallina (97.93 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), K. olearia (92.43 %) and K. shengliensis...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Thermotogales; Kosmotoga; Kosmotoga pacifica; Hydrothermal sediment.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00171/28204/26509.pdf
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Microorganisms persist at record depths in the subseafloor of the Canterbury Basin ArchiMer
Ciobanu, Maria Cristina; Burgaud, Gaetan; Dufresne, Alexis; Breuker, Anja; Redou, Vanessa; Ben Maamar, Sarah; Gaboyer, Frederic; Vandenabeele-trambouze, Odile; Lipp, Julius Sebastian; Schippers, Axel; Vandenkoornhuyse, Philippe; Barbier, Georges; Jebbar, Mohamed; Godfroy, Anne; Alain, Karine.
The subsurface realm is colonized by microbial communities to depths of >1000 meters below the seafloor (m.b.sf.), but little is known about overall diversity and microbial distribution patterns at the most profound depths. Here we show that not only Bacteria and Archaea but also Eukarya occur at record depths in the subseafloor of the Canterbury Basin. Shifts in microbial community composition along a core of nearly 2 km reflect vertical taxa zonation influenced by sediment depth. Representatives of some microbial taxa were also cultivated using methods mimicking in situ conditions. These results suggest that diverse microorganisms persist down to 1922 m.b.sf. in the seafloor of the Canterbury Basin and extend the previously known depth limits of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep biosphere; Subsurface life; Eukaryote; Record depth.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00201/31243/29895.pdf
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Nautilia abyssi sp nov., a thermophilic, chemolithoautotrophic, sulfur-reducing bacterium isolated from an East Pacific Rise hydrothermal vent ArchiMer
Alain, Karine; Callac, Nolwenn; Guegan, Marianne; Lesongeur, Francoise; Crassous, Philippe; Cambon-bonavita, Marie-anne; Querellou, Joel; Prieur, Daniel.
A novel strictly anaerobic, thermophilic, sulfur-reducing bacterium, designated PH1209(T), was isolated from an East Pacific Rise hydrothermal vent (13 degrees N) sample and studied using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Cells were Gram-negative, motile rods (approx. 1.60x0.40 mu m) with a single polar flagellum. Strain PH1209(T) grew at temperatures between 33 and 65 degrees C (optimum 60 degrees C), from pH 5.0 to 8.0 (optimum 6.0-6.5), and between 2 and 4% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 3%). Cells grew chemolithoautotrophically with H-2 as an energy source, So as an electron acceptor and CO2 as a carbon source. Strain PH1209(T) was also able to use peptone and yeast extract as carbon sources. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 35 mol%. Phylogenetic: analyses...
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Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6585.pdf
Registros recuperados: 27
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