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Registros recuperados: 98
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5 hurtige til Hugo Alrøe Organic Eprints
Andersen, Peter Norholm; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
Interview til Magasinet økologisk om forskningsprojektet MultiTrust på baggrund af tre populære foredrag på Folkeuniversitetet i Århus med titlen "Hvordan kan vi vide, om økologi er godt?" I alt deltog over 1800 personer i foredragene.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Knowledge management.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/24745/7/24745.pdf
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A cross-disciplinary approach to multicriteria assessment and communication of the effects of organic food systems Organic Eprints
Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Noe, Egon.
This paper describes a cross- and transdisciplinary approach to develop a multicriteria assessment framework that aims to help organic actors and stakeholders conduct, document and communicate balanced overall assessments of the effects of organic food systems on society and nature. The framework will be based on extensive analyses of existing methods for multicriteria assessment and communication, and the adaptation and development of selected methods to suit organic food systems and the principles organic agriculture. The validity and utility of the framework is secured through involvement of actors and participatory testing of prototypes in practice. The goal is to help sustain an integrated development of the organic production, contribute to open and...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Technology assessment; Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/19951/1/19951.pdf
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A new tool to communicate multicriteria assessments in the organic value chain - an animated film Organic Eprints
Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Noe, Egon; Smith, Peter; Lykke-Olesen, Andreas; Fog, Erik.
Imagine there is a platform that makes it possible to discuss organics between all parties in the organic food chain based on their individual criteria. The MultiTrust project has endeavoured to find a tool to solve this challenge: How to make overall assessments of the effects of organic production in such a way that they actually can make a difference in practice. Organic products have to compete against conventional products, and often the organic have difficulties comparing when measured on single criteria. The hall mark of organics is the holistic approach, considering many issues at the same time, and therefore there is a need for overall assessments. Overall assessments can be very complex and therefore difficult to communicate. And it can be...
Tipo: Video Palavras-chave: Knowledge management.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/26849/1/MT_UK_v002.mp4
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A prototype tool for multicriteria assessments to develop organic food chains Organic Eprints
Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Noe, Egon.
The problem that we are faced with is that whereas research and experience suggest that stakeholder involvement is crucial to the successful development and implementation of methods of sustainability assessment, it is far from clear how to do this. In this paper we investigate how stakeholders may be involved in making and using overall assessments of organic food systems, and we propose a prototype for how this can be done.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23914/1/23914%20Alroe%20and%20Noe_MM.pdf
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A semiotic polyocular framework for multidisciplinary research in relation to multifunctional farming and rural development Organic Eprints
Noe, Egon; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Langvad, Anne Mette Sørensen.
The concept of multifunctional farming rises out of a problematization of the role of agriculture in society and, in particular, in relation to rural development. Hitherto multifunctional farming has primarily been used as a notion on the relationship between agriculture and society concerning the range of commodity and non-commodity goods that farms provide for society. But the agro-economic achievements together with societal development have led to a point where praxis is questioned and discourse potentially reopened. In an indirect way, the notion of multifunctionality reflects, that aspects not captured by the distinction between commodity and non-commodity need to be reintroduced. This paper offers a new framework (theoretical and methodical)...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/5394/1/2005%2DNoe%2Det%2Dal%2DSemioticPolyocularFrameworkForMultidisciplinaryResearch%2Ddraft.pdf
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Agroecology and Social Sciences. In the perspectives of multidisiplinarity Organic Eprints
Noe, Egon; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
In our presentation we will focus on agroecology and the problems of sustainable agroecosystems regulation, by including a multiperspectival approach (Alrøe and Noe 2011) and a social systems theoretical perspective, based primarily on theories of Niklas Luhmann, Bruno Latour, and Charles Peirce. We will address two main challenges raised by our view on agroecology, the epistemological challenge of how to observe agroecosystems as a whole, and the ontological challenge of how to understand the existence of agroecosystems independently of perspectives.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Systems research and participatory research; Social aspects; Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25731/7/25731.pdf
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Agroecology and Social Sciences Regulation of Agroecosystems Organic Eprints
Noe, Egon; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
Agroecology and Law: A Transdisciplinary Dialogue. Presentation on international conference.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Research methodology and philosophy; Knowledge management.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25972/7/25972.pdf
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Analyse af normative aspekter af multikriteriel vurdering af økologiske fødevaresystemer Organic Eprints
Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Noe, Egon.
Denne rapport belyser de normative aspekter som det er vigtigt at være opmærksom på ved udvikling af multikriterielle vurderingsmetoder. Der skelnes der mellem tre normative grundbegreber – værdi, kvalitet og etik, som ikke alene er relevante i forhold til selve vurderings- og udvælgelsesprocessen, men i høj grad også i forhold til hvilken måde de økologiske fødevaresystemer i udgangspunktet iagttages og beskrives. Iagttagelsen præges i dag ofte af en række fastsatte indikatorer, men bag dem findes der ’orientatorer’, som kan være fundamentale interesser, værdier, kriterier eller mål. Det er vigtigt at få dem frem i lyset og overvejet, hvordan de påvirker iagttagelsen og derigennem også vurderingerne. Når multikriterielle vurderingsværktøjer udvikles, er...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Indicators and other value-laden measures; Technology assessment.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/21217/3/21217.pdf
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Animal welfare, ethics and organic farming Organic Eprints
Verhoog, Henk; Lund, Vonne; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
In this chapter we first give an overview of different interpretations of animal welfare and their relation to different lay and expert approaches to animal welfare. The importance of values to animal welfare is discussed and confronted with the role of science and the scientific ideals of value-freedom and objectivity. The interpretations of animal welfare are then compared with different frameworks from bio-ethics, which can help clarify the moral aspects of animal welfare. The values of organic farming are then discussed as a departure point for a discussion of what a relevant view of animal welfare might be like, in the context of organic farming. This reveals obvious conflicts between different values within organic farming, and some of these dilemmas...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy Values; Standards and certification Health and welfare.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/207/1/Chap%2D02_Vonne_30_apr.doc
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Approaches to assess the environmental impact of organic farming with particular regard to Denmark Organic Eprints
Hansen, Birgitte; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Kristensen, Erik Steen.
Ever increasing attention is being paid to the environmental impact of intensive agricultural practices, and in this context organic farming is gaining recognition as a relatively friendly production system. In general, the risk of harmful environmental effects is lower with organic than with conventional farming methods, though not necessarily so. This review examines organic farming in the light of European conditions, with special regard to recent research findings from Denmark. It specifies the environmental problems caused by modern farming practices and discusses appropriate indicators for assessing their impact. A Driving Force-State-Response (DSR) framework is employed to organise and understand the processes and mechanisms that lie behind the...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Nutrient turnover; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/1025/1/Hansen_et_al_2001_Environmental_impact_of_organic_farming_postprint.pdf
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Assessment of food safety in organic farming Organic Eprints
Hansen, Birgitte; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Kristensen, Erik Steen; Wier, Mette.
Public concern about food safety in Europe has grown in response to the BSE scandal and problems with Salmonella and Campylobacter, etc. Such health and safety considerations are among the most important incentives for buying organic food, and have helped to promote rapid growth in the organic sector. Against this background the present article reviews food safety from an organic perspective. To our knowledge this has not been done previously. A novel definition is introduced which incorporates safety aspects of both the product and the agri-food-system. A Driving force-State-Impact-Response (DSIR) framework, that incorporates recent findings relating to organic products, is employed to analyse processes that control the safety of food. The safety of...
Tipo: Working paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Indicators and other value-laden measures.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/206/1/Hansen_organic_food_safety.pdf
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Balancing and communicating overall assessments of food systems. Workshop 6.1 at IFSA 2012. Convenors: Peter Kastberg, Hugo F. Alrøe, Henrik Moller, Bernhard Freyer, Karen Refsgaard, Jim Bingen Organic Eprints
Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
In order to develop better and more sustainable food systems, we need to make, and use, overall assessments of their effects, based on multiple criteria. This is a complex and very difficult task. Two of the main challenges are 1) how to balance very different types of assessments and avoid bias in favour of accurate knowledge and that which is easy to measure, and 2) how to communicate complex overall assessments in such a way they can be used in practice by different actors and stakeholders with different perspectives and values. Description: Alternative, more sustainable food systems are developed in relation to a plurality of societal objectives and ethical guidelines, such as the organic principles. The success of these alternatives depends on...
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Technology assessment; Food systems.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22134/7/22134.pdf
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Bias in peer review of organic farming grant applications Organic Eprints
Rasmussen, Jesper; Langer, Vibeke; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
An analysis of peer reviews of 84 organic farming grant applications, submitted to The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (FORMAS) in 2001 was carried out to investigate whether peer reviews were influenced by the peer reviewers’ affiliation to organic agriculture research and to what degree peer reviewers distinguish between scientific quality and societal relevance. Fifteen reviewers were grouped in three groups (1) scientists with affiliation to organic farming research, (2) scientists without affiliation to organic farming research and (3) users of the research. The scientist groups assessed societal relevance of the grant applications and scientific quality as a sum of three scientific criteria and the...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy; Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/3087/1/Bias_in_peer_review.pdf
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Combining Luhmann and Actor-Network Theory to see Farm Enterprises as Self-organizing Systems Organic Eprints
Noe, Egon; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
From a rural, sociological point of view no social theories have so far been able to grasp the ontological complexity and special character of a farm enterprise as an entity in a really satisfying way. The contention of this paper is that a combination of Luhmann’s theory of social systems and the actor-network theory (ANT) of Latour, Callon, and Law offers a new and radical framework for understanding a farm as a self-organizing, heterogeneous system. Luhmann’s theory offers an approach to understand a farm as a self-organizing system (operating in meaning) that must produce and reproduce itself through demarcation from the surrounding world by selection of meaning. The meaning of the system is expressed through the goals, values, and logic of the...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Systems research and participatory research.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/324/1/Manus_cybernetics_Noe.doc
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Combining Luhmann and Actor-Network Theory to see Farm Enterprises as Self-organizing Systems Organic Eprints
Noe, Egon; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
From a rural, sociological point of view no social theories have so far been able to grasp the ontological complexity and special character of a farm enterprise as an entity in a really satisfying way. The contention of this paper is that a combination of Luhmann’s theory of social systems and actor-network theory (ANT) of Latour, Callon, and Law offers a new and radical framework for understanding a farm as a self-organizing, heterogeneous system. Luhmann’s theory offers an approach to understand a farm as a self-organizing system (operating in meaning) that must produce and reproduce itself through demarcation from the surrounding world by selection of meaning. The meaning of the system is expressed through the goals, values, and the logic of the...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/778/1/Noe_alroe_openings_3may03.pdf
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Concepts of Animal Health and Welfare in Organic Livestock Systems Organic Eprints
Vaarst, Mette; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
In 2005, The International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movements (IFOAM) developed four new ethical principles of organic agriculture to guide its future development: the principles of health, ecology, care, and fairness. The key distinctive concept of animal welfare in organic agriculture combines naturalness and human care, and can be linked meaningfully with these principles. In practice, a number of challenges are connected with making organic livestock systems work. These challenges are particularly dominant in immature agro-ecological systems, for example those that are characterized by industrialization and monoculture. Some of the current challenges are partly created by shortages of land and manure, which encourage zero-grazing and other...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Values; Standards and certification Health and welfare.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/30615/1/vaarst-og-alr%C3%B8e-2012-concepts-of-animal-health-and-welfare.pdf
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De økologiske principper og deres betydning i dag Organic Eprints
Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
Økologisk jordbrug er anderledes end det konventionelle fordi det har en vision om et andet og bedre jordbrug. Det har i hvert fald haft en vision. Men hvordan ser det ud i dag? Set udefra ligner udviklingen af økologisk jordbrug på mange punkter udviklingen i det øvrige jordbrug. Hvad, kan man spørge, er det økologerne gerne vil gøre anderledes? Er der i dag en økologisk bevægelse der er på vej et sted hen? Og hvis ikke økologien har en levende vision, hvor vil den så ende?
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/9153/1/De_oekologiske_principper_og_deres_betydning_i_dag.pdf
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Different kinds of systems approaches Organic Eprints
Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
Introductory presentation at the workshop "Systems approach in organic research".
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/293/1/Alroe_Mikkili_workshop_12dec02.pdf
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Does organic farming face distinctive livestock welfare issues? - A conceptual analysis Organic Eprints
Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Vaarst, Mette; Kristensen, Erik Steen.
The recent development and growth of organic livestock farming and the related development of national and international regulations has fuelled discussions among scientists and philosophers concerning the proper conceptualisation of animal welfare. These discussions on livestock welfare in organic farming draw on the conventional discussions and disputes on animal welfare, which involve issues such as different definitions of welfare (clinical health, absence of suffering, sum of positive and negative experiences, etc.), the possibility for objective measures of animal welfare and the acceptable level of welfare. It seems clear that livestock welfare is a value-laden concept and that animal welfare science cannot be made independent of questions of values...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Health and welfare.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/430/1/Organic_welfare__preprint__5mar01.pdf
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Er husdyrvelfærd i økologisk jordbrug noget særligt? Organic Eprints
Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Vaarst, Mette; Kristensen, Erik Steen.
Der foregår løbende både praktisk udvikling og teoretisk refleksion i relation til husdyrvelfærd. Endvidere evalueres og ændres reglerne omkring husdyrvelfærd løbende, både i Danmark og i EU. Formålet med nærværende kapitel er at diskutere begrebet husdyrvelfærd i forbindelse med principperne i det økologisk jordbrug. Det sker med udgangspunkt i spørgsmålet: er der, ud over de gældende regler, særlige værdimæssige, etiske, videnskabelige eller reguleringsmæssige forhold, der influerer på hvordan dyrevelfærd opfattes i økologisk jordbrug, set i forhold til det øvrige jordbrug? Eller med andre ord: kan de nuværende forskelle i regler, og i opfattelsen af dyrevelfærd, begrundes i mere grundliggende forhold i økologisk jordbrug? Og i så fald: i hvilken retning...
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://orgprints.org/13756/1/13756.pdf
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