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A model of chronic IgE-mediated food allergy in ovalbumin-sensitized mice BJMBR
Saldanha,J.C.S.; Gargiulo,D.L.; Silva,S.S.; Carmo-Pinto,F.H.; Andrade,M.C.; Alvarez-Leite,J.I.; Teixeira,M.M.; Cara,D.C..
Food allergy is most frequently the result of IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions. Here, we describe a chronic model in which some of the intestinal and systemic consequences of continuous egg white solution ingestion by ovalbumin-sensitized eight-week-old BALB/c mice, 6 animals per group, of both sexes, were investigated. There was a 20% loss of body weight that began one week after antigen exposure and persisted throughout the experiment (3 weeks). The sensitization procedure induced the production of anti-ovalbumin IgG1 and IgE, which were enhanced by oral antigen exposure (129% for IgG1 and 164% for IgE, compared to sensitization values). Intestinal changes were determined by jejunum edema at 6 h (45% Evans blue extravasation) and by a significant...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Food allergy; Ovalbumin; Murine model; IgE; Hypersensitivity.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2004000600005
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Ethanol-induced colitis prevents oral tolerance induction in mice BJMBR
Andrade,M.C.; Vaz,N.M.; Faria,A.M.C..
The gut mucosa is a major site of contact with antigens from food and microbiota. Usually, these daily contacts with natural antigens do not result in inflammatory reactions; instead they result in a state of systemic hyporesponsiveness named oral tolerance. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are associated with the breakdown of the immunoregulatory mechanisms that maintain oral tolerance. Several animal models of IBD/colitis are available. In mice, these include targeted disruptions of the genes encoding cytokines, T cell subsets or signaling proteins. Colitis can also be induced by intrarectal administration of chemical substances such as 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid in 50% ethanol. We report here a novel model of colitis induced by intrarectal...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Ethanol; Colitis; Oral tolerance; Cytokines.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2003000900013
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