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Registros recuperados: 20
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A Dynamic Approach to the FDI-Environment Nexus: The Case of China and India AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
The cointegration analysis and a vector error-correction (VEC) model are applied to examine the short- and long-run relationships among foreign direct investment (FDI), economic growth, and the environment in China and India. The results show that FDI inflow plays a pivotal role in determining the short- and long-run movement of economic growth through capital accumulation and technical spillovers in the two countries. However, FDI inflow in both countries is found to have a detrimental effect on environmental quality in both the short- and long-run, supporting pollution haven hypothesis. Finally, it is found that, in the short-run, there exists a unidirectional causality from FDI inflow to economic growth and the environment in China and India - a change...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; Cointegration analysis; Environment; FDI; India; Vector error-correction; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6508
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A Re-examination of Factors Affecting United States Softwood Lumber Imports from Canada AgEcon
Baek, Jungho.
This paper examines the effects of the lumber price, the housing starts, and the bilateral exchange rate on U.S. softwood lumber imports from Canada in a cointegration framework. To that end, the Phillips-Hansen fully-modified cointegration (FM-OLS) procedure is applied to monthly data for the period from January 1994 through June 2009. Results show that there exists the long-run equilibrium relationship between the U.S. lumber imports from Canada and the selected macroeconomic and market variables. We also find that the U.S. lumber price and housing starts are more important than the bilateral exchange rate in influencing U.S.-Canada softwood lumber trade.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Exchange rate; Housing starts; Lumber imports; Lumber price; Phillips-Hansen fully-modified cointegration technique; Softwood lumber trade; International Relations/Trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60930
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Analyzing Effects of the U.S. Duties on Canadian Hard Red Spring Wheat AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Mattson, Jeremy W.; Koo, Won W..
Since the United States imposed antidumping and countervailing duties totaling 14.16 percent on imports of Canadian hard red spring (HRS) wheat, Canadian exports to the United States have nearly stopped. This study examines the impact of the decreased HRS wheat imports from Canada on U.S. wheat prices and producer income. To measure the impacts of the U.S. duties accurately, special attention is paid to issues related to substitutability between HRS and hard red winter (HRW) wheat and third-country effects. Results suggest that the substantial decline in Canadian HRS wheat exports to the United States has increased U.S. HRS and HRW wheat prices and thus farm income.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Antidumping duties; Canadian exports; Countervailing duties; Farm revenue; Hard red spring wheat; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54986
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Analyzing Effects of the U.S. Duties on Canadian Hard Red Spring Wheat. Technical Annex. AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Mattson, Jeremy W.; Koo, Won W..
This document is the technical annex to the full paper “Analyzing Effects of the U.S. Duties on Canadian Hard Red Spring Wheat” which is available separately.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Antidumping duties; Canadian exports; Countervailing duties; Farm revenue; Hard red spring; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54987
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Analyzing Factors Affecting U.S. Food Price Inflation. AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
Since the summer of 2007, U.S. food price has increased dramatically. Given public anxiety over fast-rising food prices in recent years, this paper attempts to analyze the effects of market factors ─ prices of energy and agricultural commodities and exchange rate ─ on U.S. food prices using a co-integration analysis. Results show that the agricultural commodity price and exchange rate play key roles in determining the short- and long-run movement of U.S. food prices. It is also found that in recent years, the energy price has been a significant factor affecting U.S. food prices in the long-run, but has little effect in the short-run. This implies the strong long-run linkage between energy and agricultural markets has emerged through production of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural commodity price; Energy price; Exchange rate; Food price inflation; Time-series analysis; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54248
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Dynamic Interrelationships between the U.S. Agricultural Trade Balance and the Macroeconomy AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
The effects of the exchange rate and the income and money supply of the United States and its major trading partners on the U.S. agricultural trade balance are examined using an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model. Results suggest that the exchange rate is the key determinant of the short-and long-run behavior of the trade balance. It is also found that the income and money supply in both the United States and the trading partners have significant impacts on U.S. agricultural trade in both the short and long run.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade balance; Autoregressive distributed lag model; Exchange rate; Income; Macroeconomy; Money supply; International Relations/Trade; C32; F14; Q17.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6301
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DYNAMICS IN THE MACROECONOMY AND THE U.S. AGRICULTURAL TRADE BALANCE AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
The effects of the exchange rate and the income and money supply of the United States and its major trading partners on the U.S. agricultural trade balance are examined using an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model. Results suggest that the exchange rate is the key determinant of the short- and long-run behavior of the trade balance. It is also found that the income and money supply in both the United States and the trading partners have significant impacts on the U.S. agricultural trade in both the short- and long-run.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade balance; Autoregressive distributed lag model; Exchange rate; Income; Macroeconomy; Money supply; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23619
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Dynamics of the U.S.-Canada Softwood Lumber Trade: Market and Welfare Effects of the 2006 Softwood Lumber Agreement AgEcon
Baek, Jungho.
This article examines the effects of macroeconomic variables (i.e., housing starts, disposable income, and the exchange rate), market variables (i.e., lumber price and wage rate) and the 2006 Softwood Lumber Agreement (SLA06) on U.S. lumber imports from Canada. It also looks at the welfare consequences of the SLA06. Results suggest that macroeconomic variables are more important than lumber price in determining the bilateral trade in softwood lumber. It is also found that, although the SLA06 has a significant negative effect on lumber imports from Canada, the market and welfare impacts of the trade restriction are moderate.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Exchange rates; Housing starts; Softwood lumber trade; Trade restrictions; U.S. import demand; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Public Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117820
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EFFECTS OF THE DUTIES ON CANADIAN HARD RED SPRING WHEAT AgEcon
Mattson, Jeremy W.; Koo, Won W.; Baek, Jungho.
Since the United States imposed antidumping and countervailing duties totaling 14.16 percent on imports of Canadian hard red spring (HRS) wheat, Canadian exports to the United States have nearly stopped. This study examines the changes in U.S. wheat imports from Canada. An econometric model is developed and estimated to determine the effects of the decline in HRS wheat imports on U.S. farm price and producer revenue. The substantial decline in HRS wheat imports from Canada from the 1997/98 - 2001/02 levels to the current levels is found to have increased the spring wheat price received by farmers by about $0.15 per bushel. With the average yearly HRS wheat production totaling 481 million bushels, this price increase means an increase in annual income...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wheat; Imports; Canada; Farm price; Countervailing duties; Antidumping duties; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23494
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Exchange Rate Dynamics and the Bilateral Trade Balance: The Case of U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W.; Mulik, Kranti.
This study examines the dynamic effects of changes in exchange rates on bilateral trade of agricultural products between the United States and its 15 major trading partners. Special attention is paid to investigate whether or not the J-curve hypothesis holds for U.S. agricultural trade. For this purpose, an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach to cointegration is applied to quarterly time-series data from 1989 and 2007. Results show that the exchange rate plays a crucial role in determining the short- and long-run behavior of U.S. agricultural trade. However, we find little evidence of the J-curve phenomenon for U.S. agricultural products with the United States’ major trading partners.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade; Autoregressive distributed lag approach to cointegration; Bilateral trade; J-curve effect; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55546
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How Sensitive is U.S. Agricultural Trade to the Bilateral Exchange Rate?: Evidence from Bulk and Consumer-oriented Products AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
This paper examines the dynamic effects of changes in the bilateral exchange rate on changes in the bilateral trade of bulk and consumer-oriented agricultural products between the U.S. and its 10 major trading partners. We find that, for consumer-oriented products, U.S. exports are highly sensitive to the bilateral exchange rate and foreign income in both the short- and long-run, while U.S. imports are mostly responsive to the U.S. domestic income. For bulk products, on the other hand, U.S. exports and imports are driven largely by the income of the U.S. and its trading partners and less by exchange rate changes in both the short- and long-run.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural exports; Agricultural imports; Autoregressive distributed lag approach to cointegration; Bulk; Consumer-oriented; Exchange rate; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60929
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Identifying macroeconomic linkages to US agricultural trade balance AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
This study explores the short-run and long-run relationships between the U.S. agricultural trade balance and domestic macroeconomic aggregates and agricultural variables. We use cointegration analysis and a vector error-correction model with quarterly data for 1981-2003. The results show that, in the long-run, the exchange rate, agricultural price, and disposable income are weakly exogenous in the U.S. agricultural sector and have significant effects on the trade balance. The combined short-run dynamic effects of the exchange rate, agricultural price and production, and disposable income jointly explain changes in the trade balance.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21048
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On the Dynamic Relationship between U.S. Farm Income and Macroeconomic Variables AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
This study examines the short- and long-run effects of changes in macroeconomic variables—agricultural commodity prices, interest rates and exchange rates—on the U.S. farm income. For this purpose, we adopt an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach to cointegration with quarterly data for 1989–2008. Results show that the exchange rate plays a crucial role in determining the long-run behavior of U.S. farm income, but has little effect in the short-run. We also find that the commodity price and interest rate have been significant determinants of U.S. farm income in both the short- and long-run over the past two decades.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Autoregressive distributed lag model; Commodity price; Exchange rate; Farm income; Interest rate; Long-run; Short-run; Agribusiness; Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management; Financial Economics; C22; E23; Q11.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53097
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Price Dynamics in the North American Wheat Market AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
Perron's test, Johansen cointegration analysis, and a vector error-correction (VEC) model are used to identify structural change, as well as to examine price dynamics in the U.S. and Canadian hard red spring (HRS) and durum wheat markets. It is found that, due to the U.S. Export Enhancement Program (EEP), price instability experienced in June 1986 has resulted in structural changes for Canadian HRS and durum prices. We also find that Canadian prices have significant effects on the determination of the U.S. prices in the North American wheat market.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Canadian wheat exports; Durum wheat; Hard red spring wheat; Johansen cointe-gration test; Unit root test with a structural break; Vector error-correction; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10217
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Price Dynamics in the North American Wheat Market AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
This study examines price dynamics in the U.S. and Canadian hard red spring (HRS) and durum wheat markets. Using monthly prices for 1979-2002, we adopt Johansen cointegration tests and a vector error-correction (VEC) model. The results show that U.S. hard red winter (HRW) and Canadian HRS are exogenous in the model consisting of U.S. HRW and HRS and Canadian HRS prices. Canadian durum is exogenous in the model of U.S. and Canadian durum prices. Therefore, the results suggest that the HRW exporting industry and Canada have been the price leader in North American wheat markets.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Canadian wheat exports; Durum wheat; Hard red spring wheat; Johansen cointegration test; Unit root test with a structural break; Vector error-correction; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19353
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The Environmental Consequences of Globalization: A Country-Specific Time Series Analysis AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Cho, Yongsung; Koo, Won W..
The dynamic relationships among trade, income and the environment for developed and developing countries are examined using a cointegration analysis. Results suggest that trade and income growth tend to increase environmental quality in developed countries, whereas they have detrimental effects on environmental quality in most developing countries. It is also found that for developed countries, the causal relationship appears to run from trade and income to the environment ─ a change in trade and income growth causes a consequent change in environmental quality, and the opposite relationship holds for developing countries.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Developed countries; Developing countries; Environmental quality; Globalization; Time-series analysis; Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37342
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The Environmental Consequences of Globalization: A Country-Specific Time-Series Analysis AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Cho, Yongsung; Koo, Won W..
The dynamic relationships among trade, income and the environment for developed and developing countries are examined using a cointegration analysis. Results suggest that trade and income growth tend to increase environmental quality in developed countries, whereas they have detrimental effects on environmental quality in most developing countries. It is also found that for developed countries the causal relationship appears to run from trade and income to the environment - a change in trade and income growth causes a consequent change in environmental quality, and the opposite relationship holds for developing countries.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Developed countries; Developing countries; Environmental quality; Globalization; Time-series analysis; Trade; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6510
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The J-Curve Phenomenon: Myth or Reality? AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Mulik, Kranti; Koo, Won W..
This study examines the J-curve phenomenon for the U.S. agricultural trade and compares the effect on agricultural trade relative to the U.S. non-agricultural trade. For this purpose, the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model is adopted to estimate bilateral trade data between the U.S. and her three major trading partners ¦¡ Japan, Canada and Mexico. We find little evidence of the J-curve for the U.S. agricultural trade with Japan, Canada and Mexico. For the non-agricultural trade, on the other hand, the behavior of the U.S. trade with industrialized economies such as Japan and Canada follows the J-curve, but not with developing economies such as Mexico.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21382
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THE ROLE OF THE U.S. DOLLAR IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Mulik, Kranti; Koo, Won W..
This study examines the J-curve phenomenon for the U.S. agricultural trade and compares the effect on agricultural trade relative to U.S. non-agricultural trade. For this purpose, the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model is adopted to estimate bilateral trade data between the United States and her three major trading partners „Ÿ Japan, Canada, and Mexico. We find little evidence of the J-curve for U.S. agricultural trade with Japan, Canada, and Mexico. For non-agricultural trade, on the other hand, the behavior of U.S. trade with industrialized economies such as Japan and Canada follows the J-curve, but not with developing economies such as Mexico.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade; Autoregressive distributed lag model; J-curve effect; Non-agricultural trade; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23482
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The U.S. Agricultural Sector and the Macroeconomy AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
The effects of the exchange rate, the U.S. agricultural price, the domestic income, and the interest rate on the U.S. net farm income are investigated in a cointegration framework. For this purpose, the Phillips-Hansen fully-modified cointegration (FM-OLS) procedure is applied to annual data for the period 1957–2008. Results suggest that there exists the long-run equilibrium relationship between the U.S. net farm income and the selected macroeconomic variables. We also find that the exchange rate and U.S. agricultural price are more important than other variables in determining the U.S. net farm income.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural price; Exchange rate; Gross domestic product; Interest rate; Net farm income; Phillips-Hansen fully-modified cointegration technique; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C22; E23; Q11.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92580
Registros recuperados: 20
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