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A neural network-based estimate of the seasonal to inter-annual variability of the Atlantic Ocean carbon sink ArchiMer
Landschuetzer, P.; Gruber, N.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Schuster, U.; Nakaoka, S.; Payne, M. R.; Sasse, T. P.; Zeng, J..
The Atlantic Ocean is one of the most important sinks for atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), but this sink has been shown to vary substantially in time. Here we use surface ocean CO2 observations to estimate this sink and the temporal variability from 1998 through 2007 in the Atlantic Ocean. We benefit from (i) a continuous improvement of the observations, i. e. the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) v1.5 database and (ii) a newly developed technique to interpolate the observations in space and time. In particular, we use a two-step neural network approach to reconstruct basin-wide monthly maps of the sea surface partial pressure of CO2 (pCO(2)) at a resolution of 1 degrees x 1 degrees From those, we compute the air-sea CO2 flux maps using a standard gas...
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Ano: 2013 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00264/37568/36705.pdf
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A uniform, quality controlled Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) ArchiMer
Pfeil, B.; Olsen, A.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Hankin, S.; Koyuk, H.; Kozyr, A.; Malczyk, J.; Manke, A.; Metzl, N.; Sabine, C. L.; Akl, J.; Alin, S. R.; Bates, N.; Bellerby, R. G. J.; Borges, A.; Boutin, J.; Brown, P. J.; Cai, W. -j.; Chavez, F. P.; Chen, A.; Cosca, C.; Fassbender, A. J.; Feely, R. A.; Gonzalez-davila, M.; Goyet, C.; Hales, B.; Hardman-mountford, N.; Heinze, C.; Hood, M.; Hoppema, M.; Hunt, C. W.; Hydes, D.; Ishii, M.; Johannessen, T.; Jones, S. D.; Key, R. M.; Koertzinger, A.; Landschuetzer, P.; Lauvset, S. K.; Lefevre, N.; Lenton, A.; Lourantou, A.; Merlivat, L.; Midorikawa, T.; Mintrop, L.; Miyazaki, C.; Murata, A.; Nakadate, A.; Nakano, Y.; Nakaoka, S.; Nojiri, Y.; Omar, A. M.; Padin, X. A.; Park, G. -h.; Paterson, K.; Perez, Fiz F; Pierrot, D.; Poisson, A.; Rios, A. F.; Santana-casiano, J. M.; Salisbury, J.; Sarma, V. V. S. S.; Schlitzer, R.; Schneider, B.; Schuster, U.; Sieger, R.; Skjelvan, I.; Steinhoff, T.; Suzuki, T.; Takahashi, T.; Tedesco, K.; Telszewski, M.; Thomas, H.; Tilbrook, B.; Tjiputra, J.; Vandemark, D.; Veness, T.; Wanninkhof, R.; Watson, A. J.; Weiss, R.; Wong, C. S.; Yoshikawa-inoue, H..
A well-documented, publicly available, global data set of surface ocean carbon dioxide (CO2) parameters has been called for by international groups for nearly two decades. The Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) project was initiated by the international marine carbon science community in 2007 with the aim of providing a comprehensive, publicly available, regularly updated, global data set of marine surface CO2, which had been subject to quality control (QC). Many additional CO2 data, not yet made public via the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), were retrieved from data originators, public websites and other data centres. All data were put in a uniform format following a strict protocol. Quality control was carried out according to clearly...
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Ano: 2013 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00383/49450/49923.pdf
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An update to the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT version 2) ArchiMer
Bakker, D. C. E.; Pfeil, B.; Smith, K.; Hankin, S.; Olsen, A.; Alin, S. R.; Cosca, C.; Harasawa, S.; Kozyr, A.; Nojiri, Y.; O'Brien, K. M.; Schuster, U.; Telszewski, M.; Tilbrook, B.; Wada, C.; Akl, J.; Barbero, L.; Bates, N. R.; Boutin, J.; Bozec, Y.; Cai, W. -j.; Castle, R. D.; Chavez, F. P.; Chen, L.; Chierici, M.; Currie, K.; De Baar, H. J. W.; Evans, W.; Feely, R. A.; Fransson, A.; Gao, Z.; Hales, B.; Hardman-mountford, N. J.; Hoppema, M.; Huang, W. -j.; Hunt, C. W.; Huss, B.; Ichikawa, T.; Johannessen, T.; Jones, E. M.; Jones, S. D.; Jutterstrom, S.; Kitidis, V.; Koertzinger, A.; Landschuetzer, P.; Lauvset, S. K.; Lefevre, N.; Manke, A. B.; Mathis, J. T.; Merlivat, L.; Metzl, N.; Murata, A.; Newberger, T.; Omar, A. M.; Ono, T.; Park, G. -h.; Paterson, K.; Pierrot, D.; Rios, A. F.; Sabine, C. L.; Saito, S.; Salisbury, J.; Sarma, V. V. S. S.; Schlitzer, R.; Sieger, R.; Skjelvan, I.; Steinhoff, T.; Sullivan, K. F.; Sun, H.; Sutton, A. J.; Suzuki, T.; Sweeney, C.; Takahashi, T.; Tjiputra, J.; Tsurushima, N.; Van Heuven, S. M. A. C.; Vandemark, D.; Vlahos, P.; Wallace, D. W. R.; Wanninkhof, R.; Watson, A. J..
The Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT), an activity of the international marine carbon research community, provides access to synthesis and gridded fCO(2) (fugacity of carbon dioxide) products for the surface oceans. Version 2 of SOCAT is an update of the previous release (version 1) with more data (increased from 6.3 million to 10.1 million surface water fCO(2) values) and extended data coverage (from 1968-2007 to 1968-2011). The quality control criteria, while identical in both versions, have been applied more strictly in version 2 than in version 1. The SOCAT website (http://www.socat.info/) has links to quality control comments, metadata, individual data set files, and synthesis and gridded data products. Interactive online tools allow visitors to explore...
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Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00291/40260/39418.pdf
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Assessing the internal consistency of the CARINA database in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean ArchiMer
Lo Monaco, C.; Álvarez, M.; Key, R. M.; Lin, X.; Tanhua, T.; Tilbrook, B.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Van Heuven, S.; Hoppema, M.; Metzl, N.; Ríos, A. F.; Sabine, C. L.; Velo, A..
Carbon and carbon-relevant hydrographic and hydrochemical ancillary data from previously not publicly available cruises were retrieved and recently merged to a new data base, CARINA (CARbon IN the Atlantic). The initial North Atlantic project, an international effort for ocean carbon synthesis, was extended to include the Arctic Mediterranean Seas (Arctic Ocean and Nordic Seas) and all three sectors of the Southern Ocean. Of a total of 188 cruises, 37 cruises are part of the Southern Ocean. The present work focuses on data collected in the Indian sector (20° S–70° S; 30° E–150° E). The Southern Indian Ocean dataset covers the period 1992–2004 and includes seasonal repeated observations. Parameters including salinity, dissolved inorganic carbon (TCO2),...
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Ano: 2010 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00236/34742/33095.pdf
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Assessing the internal consistency of the CARINA database in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean ArchiMer
Lo Monaco, C.; Álvarez, M.; Key, R. M.; Lin, X.; Tanhua, T.; Tilbrook, B.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Van Heuven, S.; Hoppema, M.; Metzl, N.; Ríos, A. F.; Sabine, C. L.; Velo, A..
Carbon and carbon-relevant hydrographic and hydrochemical ancillary data from previously not publicly available cruises were retrieved and recently merged to a new data base, CARINA. The initial North Atlantic project, an international effort for ocean carbon synthesis, was extended to include the Arctic Mediterranean Seas (Arctic Ocean and Nordic Seas) and all three sectors of the Southern Ocean. From a total of 188 cruises, 37 cruises are part of the Southern Ocean. The present work focuses on data collected in the Indian sector (20° S–70° S; 30° E–150° E). The Southern Indian Ocean dataset covers the period 1992–2004 and includes seasonal repeated observations. Parameters including dissolved inorganic carbon (TCO2), total alkalinity (TA), oxygen,...
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Ano: 2009 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00293/40432/38986.pdf
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Consistency of cruise data of the CARINA database in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean ArchiMer
Hoppema, M.; Velo, A.; Van Heuven, S.; Tanhua, T.; Key, R. M.; Lin, X.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Perez, F. F.; Ríos, A. F.; Lo Monaco, C.; Sabine, C. L.; Álvarez, M.; Bellerby, R. G. J..
Initially a North Atlantic project, the CARINA carbon synthesis was extended to include the Southern Ocean. Carbon and relevant hydrographic and geochemical ancillary data from cruises all across the Arctic Mediterranean Seas, Atlantic and Southern Ocean were released to the public and merged into a new database as part of the CARINA synthesis effort. Of a total of 188 cruises, 37 cruises are part of the Southern Ocean, including 11 from the Atlantic sector. The variables from all Southern Ocean cruises, including dissolved inorganic carbon (TCO2), total alkalinity, oxygen, nitrate, phosphate and silicate, were examined for cruiseto- cruise consistency in one collective effort. Seawater pH and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are also part of the database, but...
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Ano: 2009 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00218/32922/31399.pdf
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Data-based estimates of the ocean carbon sink variability – first results of the Surface Ocean pCO2 Mapping intercomparison (SOCOM) ArchiMer
Rödenbeck, C.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Gruber, N.; Iida, Y.; Jacobson, A. R.; Jones, S.; Landschützer, P.; Metzl, N.; Nakaoka, S.; Olsen, A.; Park, G.-h.; Peylin, P.; Rodgers, K. B.; Sasse, T. P.; Schuster, U.; Shutler, J. D.; Valsala, V.; Wanninkhof, R.; Zeng, J..
Using measurements of the surface-ocean CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) and 14 different pCO2 mapping methods recently collated by the Surface Ocean pCO2 Mapping intercomparison (SOCOM) initiative, variations in regional and global sea–air CO2 fluxes have been investigated. Though the available mapping methods use widely different approaches, we find relatively consistent estimates of regional pCO2 seasonality, in line with previous estimates. In terms of interannual variability (IAV), all mapping methods estimate the largest variations to occur in the Eastern equatorial Pacific. Despite considerable spead in the detailed variations, mapping methods with closer match to the data also tend to be more consistent with each other. Encouragingly, this includes...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00293/40407/38967.pdf
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Global carbon budget 2013 ArchiMer
Le Quere, C.; Peters, G. P.; Andres, R. J.; Andrew, R. M.; Boden, T. A.; Ciais, P.; Friedlingstein, P.; Houghton, R. A.; Marland, G.; Moriarty, R.; Sitch, S.; Tans, P.; Arneth, A.; Arvanitis, A.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Bopp, L.; Canadell, J. G.; Chini, L. P.; Doney, S. C.; Harper, A.; Harris, I.; House, J. I.; Jain, A. K.; Jones, S. D.; Kato, E.; Keeling, R. F.; Klein Goldewijk, K.; Koertzinger, A.; Koven, C.; Lefevre, N.; Maignan, F.; Omar, A.; Ono, T.; Park, G. H.; Pfeil, B.; Poulter, B.; Raupach, M. R.; Regnier, P.; Roedenbeck, C.; Saito, S.; Schwinger, J.; Segschneider, J.; Stocker, B. D.; Takahashi, T.; Tilbrook, B.; Van Heuven, S.; Viovy, N.; Wanninkhof, R.; Wiltshire, A.; Zaehle, S..
Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere is important to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the development of climate policies, and project future climate change. Here we describe data sets and a methodology to quantify all major components of the global carbon budget, including their uncertainties, based on the combination of a range of data, algorithms, statistics and model estimates and their interpretation by a broad scientific community. We discuss changes compared to previous estimates, consistency within and among components, alongside methodology and data limitations. CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel combustion and cement...
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Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00291/40261/38627.pdf
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Global Carbon Budget 2015 ArchiMer
Le Quere, C.; Moriarty, R.; Andrew, R. M.; Canadell, J. G.; Sitch, S.; Korsbakken, J. I.; Friedlingstein, P.; Peters, G. P.; Andres, R. J.; Boden, T. A.; Houghton, R. A.; House, J. I.; Keeling, R. F.; Tans, P.; Arneth, A.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Barbero, L.; Bopp, L.; Chang, J.; Chevallier, F.; Chini, L. P.; Ciais, P.; Fader, M.; Feely, R. A.; Gkritzalis, T.; Harris, I.; Hauck, J.; Ilyina, T.; Jain, A. K.; Kato, E.; Kitidis, V.; Goldewijk, K. Klein; Koven, C.; Landschuetzer, P.; Lauvset, S. K.; Lefevre, N.; Lenton, A.; Lima, I. D.; Metzl, N.; Millero, F.; Munro, D. R.; Murata, A.; Nabel, J. E. M. S.; Nakaoka, S.; Nojiri, Y.; O'Brien, K.; Olsen, A.; Ono, T.; Perez, Florian; Pfeil, B.; Pierrot, D.; Poulter, B.; Rehder, G.; Roedenbeck, C.; Saito, S.; Schuster, U.; Schwinger, J.; Seferian, R.; Steinhoff, T.; Stocker, B. D.; Sutton, A. J.; Takahashi, T.; Tilbrook, B.; Van Der Laan-luijkx, I. T.; Van Der Werf, G. R.; Van Heuven, S.; Vandemark, D.; Viovy, N.; Wiltshire, A.; Zaehle, S.; Zeng, N..
Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere is important to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the development of climate policies, and project future climate change. Here we describe data sets and a methodology to quantify all major components of the global carbon budget, including their uncertainties, based on the combination of a range of data, algorithms, statistics, and model estimates and their interpretation by a broad scientific community. We discuss changes compared to previous estimates as well as consistency within and among components, alongside methodology and data limitations. CO2 emissions from fossil fuels and industry...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00383/49442/49934.pdf
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Global surface-ocean pCO2 and sea–air CO2 flux variability from an observation-driven ocean mixed-layer scheme ArchiMer
Roedenbeck, C.; Keeling, R. F.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Metz, N.; Olsen, A.; Sabine, C.; Heimann, M..
A temporally and spatially resolved estimate of the global surface-ocean CO2 partial pressure field and the sea–air CO2 flux is presented, obtained by fitting a simple data-driven diagnostic model of ocean mixed-layer biogeochemistry to surface-ocean CO2 partial pressure data from the SOCAT v1.5 database. Results include seasonal, interannual, and short-term (daily) variations. In most regions, estimated seasonality is well constrained from the data, and compares well to the widely used monthly climatology by Takahashi et al. (2009). Comparison to independent data tentatively supports the slightly higher seasonal variations in our estimates in some areas. We also fitted the diagnostic model to atmospheric CO2 data. The results of this are less robust, but...
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Ano: 2013 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00253/36403/34950.pdf
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Interannual sea–air CO2 flux variability from an observation-driven ocean mixed-layer scheme ArchiMer
Roedenbeck, C.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Metzl, N.; Olsen, A.; Sabine, C.; Cassar, N.; Reum, F.; Keeling, R. F.; Heimann, M..
Interannual anomalies in the sea–air carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange have been estimated from surface-ocean CO2 partial pressure measurements. Available data are sufficient to constrain these anomalies in large parts of the tropical and North Pacific and in the North Atlantic, in some areas covering the period from the mid 1980s to 2011. Global interannual variability is estimated as about 0.31 Pg C yr−1 (temporal standard deviation 1993–2008). The tropical Pacific accounts for a large fraction of this global variability, closely tied to El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Anomalies occur more than 6 months later in the east than in the west. The estimated amplitude and ENSO response are roughly consistent with independent information from atmospheric...
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Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00295/40594/39529.pdf
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Recent variability of the global ocean carbon sink ArchiMer
Landschuetzer, P.; Gruber, N.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Schuster, U..
We present a new observation-based estimate of the global oceanic carbon dioxide (CO2) sink and its temporal variation on a monthly basis from 1998 through 2011 and at a spatial resolution of 1 degrees x1 degrees. This sink estimate rests upon a neural network-based mapping of global surface ocean observations of the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO(2)) from the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas database. The resulting pCO(2) has small biases when evaluated against independent observations in the different ocean basins, but larger randomly distributed differences exist particularly in high latitudes. The seasonal climatology of our neural network-based product agrees overall well with the Takahashi et al. (2009) climatology, although our product produces a stronger...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sea surface pCO(2); Neural network; Air-sea exchange of CO2; Ocean carbon cycle; Observations.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00292/40345/38920.pdf
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Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) Gridded Data Products ArchiMer
Sabine, C. L.; Hankin, S.; Koyuk, H.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Pfeil, B.; Olsen, A.; Metzl, N.; Kozyr, A.; Fassbender, A.; Manke, A.; Malczyk, J.; Akl, J.; Alin, S. R.; Bellerby, R. G. J.; Borges, A.; Boutin, J.; Brown, P. J.; Cai, W. -j.; Chavez, F. P.; Chen, A.; Cosca, C.; Feely, R. A.; Gonzalez-davila, M.; Goyet, C.; Hardman-mountford, N.; Heinze, C.; Hoppema, M.; Hunt, C. W.; Hydes, D.; Ishii, M.; Johannessen, T.; Key, R. M.; Koertzinger, A.; Landschuetzer, P.; Lauvset, S. K.; Lefevre, N.; Lenton, A.; Lourantou, A.; Merlivat, L.; Midorikawa, T.; Mintrop, L.; Miyazaki, C.; Murata, A.; Nakadate, A.; Nakano, Y.; Nakaoka, S.; Nojiri, Y.; Omar, A. M.; Padin, X. A.; Park, G. -h.; Paterson, K.; Perez, F.f.; Pierrot, D.; Poisson, A.; Rios, A. F.; Salisbury, J.; Santana-casiano, J. M.; Sarma, V. V. S. S.; Schlitzer, R.; Schneider, B.; Schuster, U.; Sieger, R.; Skjelvan, I.; Steinhoff, T.; Suzuki, T.; Takahashi, T.; Tedesco, K.; Telszewski, M.; Thomas, H.; Tilbrook, B.; Vandemark, D.; Veness, T.; Watson, A. J.; Weiss, R.; Wong, C. S.; Yoshikawa-inoue, H..
A well documented, publicly available, global data set for surface ocean carbon dioxide (CO2) parameters has been called for by international groups for nearly two decades. The Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) project was initiated by the international marine carbon science community in 2007 with the aim of providing a comprehensive, publicly available, regularly updated, global data set of marine surface CO2, which had been subject to quality control (QC). SOCAT version 1.5 was made public in September 2011 and holds 6.3 million quality controlled surface CO2 data from the global oceans and coastal seas, spanning four decades (1968–2007). The SOCAT gridded data is the second data product to come from the SOCAT project. Recognizing that some groups may have...
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Ano: 2013 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00141/25178/23284.pdf
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The ocean carbon sink - impacts, vulnerabilities and challenges ArchiMer
Heinze, C.; Meyer, S.; Goris, N.; Anderson, L.; Steinfeldt, R.; Chang, N.; Le Quere, C.; Bakker, D. C. E..
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is, next to water vapour, considered to be the most important natural greenhouse gas on Earth. Rapidly rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations caused by human actions such as fossil fuel burning, land-use change or cement production over the past 250 years have given cause for concern that changes in Earth's climate system may progress at a much faster pace and larger extent than during the past 20 000 years. Investigating global carbon cycle pathways and finding suitable adaptation and mitigation strategies has, therefore, become of major concern in many research fields. The oceans have a key role in regulating atmospheric CO2 concentrations and currently take up about 25% of annual anthropogenic carbon emissions to the atmosphere....
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00293/40374/38951.pdf
Registros recuperados: 14
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