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Agriculture in the Face of Changing Markets, Institutions and Policies: Challenges and Strategies AgEcon
Balmann, Alfons; Curtiss, Jarmila; Dautzenberg, Kirsti; Happe, Kathrin; Huang, Jikun; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Rozelle, Scott; Sedik, David J.; Ciaian, Pavel; Vranken, Liesbet; Doitchinova, Julia M.; Kanchev, Ivan; Miteva, Albena; Bachev, Hrabrin Ianouchev; Forgacs, Csaba; Guo, Hongdong; Ferto, Imre; Jolly, Robert W.; Zhu, Jianhua; Falkowski, Jan; Milczarek, Dominika; Peyerl, Hermann; Breuer, Gunter; Danilowska, Alina; Zawojska, Aldona; Ramanovich, Mikhail; Hemme, Torsten; Mirzaei, Farhad; Heidelbach, Olaf; Balkhausen, Oliver; Banse, Martin; Perekhozhuk, Oleksandr; Grings, Michael; Luka, Oksana; Epstein, David B.; Naydenov, Nikolay; Sauer, Johannes; Balint, Borbala; Il'ina, Natalia; Svetlov, Nikolai M.; Weitzel, Enno-Burghard; Bayaner, Ahmet; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Hockmann, Heinrich; Cechura, Lukas; Herzfeld, Thomas; Glauben, Thomas; Azzarri, Carlo; Carletto, Calogero; Davis, Benjamin; Zezza, Alberto; Nivievskyi, Oleg; von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan; Newton, Claire; Bednarikova, Zuzana; Doucha, Tomas; Travnicek, Zdenek; Fock, Theodor.
Since the late 1980s, agriculture in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) has been under considerable adjustment pressure due to changing political, economic and institutional environments. These changes have been linked to the transition process, as well as the ongoing integration into the European Union and the world market. Reduced subsidies, increased environmental and food quality demands, as well as structural changes in the supply, processing and food retailing sector call for major structural adjustments and the improvement of farmers’ managerial abilities. Though such changes always carry significant threats to farms, they also offer new opportunities for the farms' entrepreneurial engagement. Upcoming changes in the agricultural...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93012
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Agri-food business: Global challenges – Innovative solutions AgEcon
Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Vandemartele, Thijs; Hirschauer, Norbert; Gaetano, Martino; Nijhoff-Savvaki, Rannia; Trienekens, Jacques H.; Omta, S.W.F. (Onno); Bachev, Hrabrin Ianouchev; Bezat-Jarzębowska, Agnieszka; Jarzebowski, Sebastian; Paus, Marguerite; Singh, Dheeraj; Prahalad, V.C.; Wangshu, Lobsang; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre; Havas, Attila; Ehlers, Melf-Hinrich; Bojnec, Stefan; Ferto, Imre; Levkovych, Inna; Toth, Aniko; Forgacs, Csaba.
The rise of a western-style middle class in many successful emerging economies like China currently is inducing deep structural changes on agricultural world markets and within the global agri-food business. As a result of both higher incomes and concerns over product safety and quality the global demand for high-quality and safe food products is increasing significantly. In order to meet the new required quality, globally minimum quality standards are rising and private standards emerging. All over the world these developments cause adjustments at the enterprise, chain and market levels. At the same time, the tremendously increasing demand for renewable energy has led to the emergence of a highly promising market for biomass production. This has...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Marketing; Political Economy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92317
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Comparative Analysis of Technical Efficiency in European Agriculture AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre; Latruffe, Laure; Desjeux, Yann; Soboh, Rafat; Dolman, Mark.
Technical efficiency has long been analysed as a measure of farm performance, however most studies are restricted to a single country case. This paper presents a comparative analysis of field crop and dairy farm performance across eight EU countries, including two New Member States (NMS), focusing on long run stability and mobility patterns. The main research question is how relative performance of farms fluctuates over time, i.e. whether poorly performing farms remain always inefficient whilst some farms are always very efficient. Results show that on average 60% of farms maintain their efficiency ranking in two consecutive years, whilst 20% improve and 20% worsen their positions, for all countries. Due to the unstable economic conditions, farms in NMS...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm technical efficiency; SFA; FADN; Stability analysis; Farm Management; P52; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114235
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Contractual Relationships in the Hungarian Milk Sector AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre; Szabo, Gabor G..
In this paper we present an empirical analysis of farmers’ contracting choice in the Hungarian milk sector using 2005 milk producer survey data, employing transaction cost economics. We focus on analysing some key determinants of farmers’ contracting choices: type of contracts, duration, number of contractors, incentives provided in the contract and business history of farmers and buyers. Some of the main results include the importance and effect of farm size, quantity of milk delivered, planned short and long run or contract related investment on farm, the possibility of farmer to influence prices on the contracting choices.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Transaction costs; Contracts; Milk products; Hungary; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90794
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EU farms’ technical efficiency and productivity change in 1990 – 2006 AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre; Fogarasi, Jozsef; Latruffe, Laure; Desjeux, Yann; Matveev, Eduard; Marongiu, Sonia; Dolman, Mark; Soboh, Rafat.
In this paper we analyse and compare various efficiency indicators for a number of European Union (EU) countries: Belgium, Estonia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, The Netherlands and Sweden. The availability of long period datasets between 1990 and 2006, allow us to concentrate on the long time trends in technical efficiency especially in Old Member States. This study is the first which may provide a comprehensive overview on the development in farm level efficiency across eight European countries. Our main results are the following. Generally, all countries have relatively high levels of mean technical efficiency ranging from 0.72 to 0.92 for both field crops and dairy farms. Interestingly the majority of countries have better performance in dairy...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108773
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Farm growth in Hungary, Slovenia and France AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Bojnec, Stefan; Ferto, Imre; Latruffe, Laure.
The article investigates the validity of Gibrat’s Law for French, Hungarian and Slovenian farms with FADN data and Heckman selection models, quantiles regressions and panel unit root tests. The contribution to the literature is threefold. First, we compare farm growth in countries with rather different farm structures. Second, we apply two different testing techniques. Finally, we focus on specialised crop and dairy farms rather than all farms, avoiding biases due to heterogeneous structures across the agricultural sector. Results reject the Gibrat’s Law for crop farms in France (except for one sub-period) and Hungary but confirm it for French and Slovenian dairy farms.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm growth; Gibrat's Law; Panel unit root; Quintile regression; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60911
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GIBRAT'S LAW REVISITED IN A TRANSITION ECONOMY. THE HUNGARIAN CASE AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre.
The paper investigates the validity of Gibrat's Law in Hungarian agriculture. Employing various specifications including OLS, two-step Heckman model and quantile regressions our results strongly reject Gibrat’s Law for full sample. Estimations suggest that small farms tend to grow faster than larger ones. However, splitting the sample into two subgroups (corporate and family farms) we found different results. For family farms however, only OLS regression results reject Gibrat's Law, whilst the two-step Heckman models and quantile regression estimates support it. Finally, for corporate farms our results support the Law regardless of the method or size measure used. Our results indicate that there is no difference between family farms and corporate farms...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Gibrat's Law; Selection bias; Quantile regression; Transition agriculture; Farm Management; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7813
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How Effective is the Invisible Hand? Agricultural and Food Markets in Central and Eastern Europe AgEcon
Hockmann, Heinrich; Brosig, Stephan; Popp, Jozsef; Wilkin, Jerzy; Juchniewicz, Małgorzta; Milczarek, Dominika; Ferto, Imre; Forgacs, Csaba; Juhasz, Aniko; Kurthy, Gyongyi; Hein, Piret; Hobbs, Jill E.; Nuppenau, Ernst-August; Brümmer, Bernhard; Zorya, Sergiy; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Bojnec, Stefan; Svetlov, Nikolai M.; Hurrelmann, Annette; Maack, Kai; Hanf, Jon Henrich; Glauben, Thomas; Herzfeld, Thomas; Wang, Xiaobing; Balint, Borbala; Lerman, Zvi; Shagaida, Natalya; Benner, Eckhard; Wandel, Jurgen; Nivievskyi, Oleg; Kuhn, Arnim.
Since the seminal work of Adam Smith, markets have been considered an efficient tool for co-ordinating the behaviour of economic agents. The basic characteristic of a market economy is that the complex system of interaction among individuals is not centrally coordinated. Under the assumption of profit and utility maximisation (and a whole set of assumptions about the institutional framework), relative prices and their change over time provide the signals that guide, like an invisible hand, the allocation of resources, i.e., the structure of production and the intensity of input use in the various production processes. They do this by co-ordinating the activities of economic agents, i.e., of resource owners, producers, intermediaries, traders, and...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Industrial Organization; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93018
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IDENTIFICATION OF MARKET POWER IN THE HUNGARIAN DAIRY INDUSTRY: A PLANT-LEVEL ANALYSIS AgEcon
Perekhozhuk, Oleksandr; Hockmann, Heinrich; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre.
The objective of this paper is to provide an alternative model which can be used to test for oligopsony market power applying plant-level data. For this purpose, we took into account empirical studies and specific developments in the Hungarian dairy industry and specified a model that provides useful benchmarks for an econometric test of market power. The results of the econometric analysis show that the effects from policy changes in Hungary, as well as from plant specific issues are highly statistically significant, and produce evidence suggesting the exercise of oligopsony market power in the Hungarian dairy industry.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114768
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Impact of public subsidies on farms’ technical efficiency in New Member States before and after EU accession AgEcon
Latruffe, Laure; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Bojnec, Stefan; Ferto, Imre; Fogarasi, Jozsef; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Jelinek, Ladislav; Luca, Lucian; Medonos, Tomas; Toma, Camelia.
This paper presents some results of a two-year (2006-2007) research project supported by the French Ministry of Research’s funding program ECONET. One of the project’s objectives was to investigate the determinants of farm technical efficiency in New Member States before and after accession to the European Union, and in particular the role of public subsidies on this performance variable. Four countries were considered: Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovenia, who acceded to the EU in 2004, and Romania, whose accession was in 2007. The study found that subsidies had a negative impact on farm technical efficiency in Hungary over the period 2001-2005, in the Czech dairy corporate sector over the period 2000-2004, in Slovenia over the period 1994-2003, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical efficiency; Farms; Subsidies; Hungary; Czech Republic; Slovenia; Romania; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44142
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Investment and Financial Constraints in European Agriculture: Evidence from France, Hungary and Slovenia AgEcon
Ferto, Imre; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Bojnec, Stefan; Latruffe, Laure.
The article investigates the investment and financial constraints for French, Hungarian and Slovenian farms using FADN panel data with different econometric estimation approaches. Farm gross investment is positively associated with real sales growth and cash flow implying the absence of soft budget constraint. Gross farm investment is positively associated with investment subsidies. Specific results by country are found depending on farm indebtedness. Investment subsidies can mitigate some capital market imperfections in short-term, while on long-term what is crucial is farm sale ability to successfully compete in the output market gaining sufficient cash flow for farm competitive survival and investment.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm investment; Soft budget constraint; Investment subsidy; Panel data analysis; Agricultural Finance; D81; D92; O12; Q12; C23.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114357
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Market power: Modeling issues and identification problems. An investigation of selected Hungarian food chains AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre; Hockmann, Heinrich; Perekhozhuk, Oleksandr.
In recent years increasing number of contractual arrangements in food chains are observed. There are several reasons for this phenomenon. Improving food quality often requires significant specific investments. Given high asset specificity, investors find it difficult to appropriate the returns on investment and thus have incentives to integrate. However, besides this transaction costs related argument, the ongoing vertical integration can result from structural developments in food chains which at different stages of the value chains, might hamper the proper functioning of markets. Using a unique, firm level dataset, in this paper we will focus on the latter issue. Due to its importance among various Hungarian value chains, we have selected the milk...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market power; Hungarian food chains.; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57977
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Marketing and pricing dynamics in the presence of structural breaks - the Hungarian pork market AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre.
The study of marketing margins and price transmission on various commodity markets has been a popular research topic of the past decades (see MEYER, VON CRAMONTAUBADEL, 2004, for a recent survey), however with a few exceptions these studies focused on developed economies. In this paper we examine the above phenomena on the: Hungarian pork market. The Johansen (maximum likelihood) or Engle and Granger (two step) cointegration tests do not reject the no-cointegration null hypothesis between the Hungarian pork producer and retail price series. Therefore we apply the Gregory and Hansen procedure with recursively estimated breakpoints and ADF statistics, and found that the prices are cointegrated with a structural break occurring in April 1996. Exogeneity tests...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Price transmission; Marketing margin; Pricing; Structural breaks; Hungarian pork market; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10031
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Milk Market Integration between Hungary and Poland AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Falkowski, Jan; Ferto, Imre.
In this paper we test the retail milk price integration between two countries, Poland and Hungary. Conventional linear cointegration methods do not reveal any relationship between the two prices, therefore we apply Gonzalo and Pitakaris (2006) method to test the linear cointegration null against the threshold cointegration with an exogenous threshold variable alternative hypothesis. Our results show, that the Hungarian Forint – Polish Zloty exchange rate is econometrically an appropriate threshold variable, the linearity null is rejected, and the two alternative regimes may be characterised with different long-run equilibrium relationships. Corresponding trade data however questions the economic appropriateness of the selected threshold variable. Further...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Horizontal integration; Milk market; Threshold cointegration; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91809
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Milk Retail Sales Patterns in a Transition Economy. The Case of Hungary AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre.
Modern theories of sales make conflicting predictions about the temporal pattern of sales, which we test using retail chain level data. In this paper, we focus on the retail sale patterns of two retail milk prices in a New Member State (NMS), Hungary using weekly data across eight retail chain between 2005 January and 2008 June. We employ a battery of empirical tests, to try a number of sale theory hypotheses. First, we present summary statistics, histograms, and correlations of prices and sales from which we conclude that no theory of sales fully describes sale patterns and price distributions. Second, we apply vector autoregressive analysis and Granger tests of temporal ordering (”causality tests”) to determine whether the sale of one retail chain is...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sales; Retail prices; Milk; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50932
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Monetary Impacts and Overshooting of Agricultural Prices in a Transition Economy AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre.
The paper focus on the time adjustment paths of the exchange rate and prices in response to unanticipated monetary shocks following model developed by Saghaian et al. (2002). We employ Johansen's cointegration test along with a vector error correction model to investigate whether agricultural prices overshoot in a transition economy. The empirical results indicate that agricultural prices adjust faster than industrial prices to innovations in the money supply, affecting relative prices in the short run, but strict long-run money neutrality does not hold.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural prices; Exchange rates; Monetary shocks; Overshooting; Transition economy; Agricultural Finance; C32; E51; P22; Q11.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24711
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Monetary Impacts and Overshooting of Agricultural Prices in a Transition Economy: The Case of Hungary AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre.
This article examines the impacts of monetary policy on agricultural prices in the Hungarian economy using time series analysis. The empirical results indicate that agricultural prices adjust faster to monetary shocks than industrial prices do, affecting relative agricultural prices in the short run, but strict long-run money neutrality does not hold. We also find that the exchange rate as a flexible sector variable, adjusts faster to temporary shocks than the sticky, industrial prices. This implies that in a case of monetary shocks the agricultural sector associated with flexible changes bears the burden of adjustment vis-à-vis the sectors with sticky changes. These macroeconomic effects are reflected in real agricultural price volatility and the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Overshooting of agricultural prices; Money neutrality; Cointegration; Transition economy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51798
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Monetary Impacts and Overshooting of Agricultural Prices in a Transition Economy: The Case of Slovenia AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Bojnec, Stefan; Ferto, Imre.
The paper focus on the time adjustment paths of the exchange rate and agricultural producer and industrial prices in response to unanticipated monetary shocks following model developed by Saghaian et al. (2002). Results indicate that agricultural prices adjust faster than industrial prices to innovations in the money supply, affecting relative prices in the short run, but strict long-run money neutrality does not hold. The impulse response analysis shows that an exogenous shock to the money supply has a significant and volatile effect on the three price variables. The extent of overshooting in agricultural prices is twice as large as for exchange rates or industrial prices. This indicates that in the case of monetary shocks the sectors associated with...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural prices; Exchange rates; Monetary shocks; Overshooting; Transition economy; Agricultural Finance; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9422
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Monetary Impacts and Overshooting of Agricultural Prices in a Transition Economy: The Case of Slovenia AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Bojnec, Stefan; Ferto, Imre.
The paper focus on the time adjustment paths of the exchange rate and agricultural producer and industrial prices in response to unanticipated monetary shocks following model developed by Saghaian et al. (2002). We employ Johansen's cointegration test along with a vector error correction model to investigate whether agricultural producer prices overshoot in a transition economy. Results indicate that agricultural prices adjust faster than industrial prices to innovations in the money supply, affecting relative prices in the short run, but strict long-run money neutrality does not hold. The impulse response analysis shows that an exogenous shock to the money supply has a significant and volatile effect on the three price variables. Initially, both the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural prices; Exchange rates; Monetary shocks; Overshooting; Transition economy; Financial Economics; C32; E51; P22; Q11.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25515
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Parametric farm performance and efficiency methodology: Stochastic Frontier Analysis AgEcon
Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan.
There is a continuously growing literature on the agricultural transformation in Central and Eastern European countries (see some surveys in Brooks and Nash 2002; Rozelle and Swinnen 2004). The research has focused on various aspects of transition, including land reform, farm restructuring, price and trade liberalisation, but even though Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) data are now available for some years, there are only a few studies (e.g. Bakucs et al. 2010, Fogarasi and Latruffe, 2007, Baráth et al., 2009) focusing on Hungarian farm performance. The objective of this paper is to shed light on some methodological issues that are needed to study Hungarian farm performance. Here we consider one aspect of farm performance, namely technical efficiency....
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farm technical efficiency; Stochastic Frontier Analysis; Methodology; Productivity Analysis; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102404
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