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Evidence of the Zanclean megaflood in the eastern Mediterranean Basin ArchiMer
Micallef, Aaron; Camerlenghi, Angelo; Garcia-castellanos, Daniel; Otero, Daniel Cunarro; Gutscher, Marc-andre; Barreca, Giovanni; Spatola, Daniele; Facchin, Lorenzo; Geletti, Riccardo; Krastel, Sebastian; Gross, Felix; Urlaub, Morelia.
The Messinian salinity crisis (MSC) - the most abrupt, global-scale environmental change since the end of the Cretaceous - is widely associated with partial desiccation of the Mediterranean Sea. A major open question is the way normal marine conditions were abruptly restored at the end of the MSC. Here we use geological and geophysical data to identify an extensive, buried and chaotic sedimentary body deposited in the western Ionian Basin after the massive Messinian salts and before the Plio-Quaternary open-marine sedimentary sequence. We show that this body is consistent with the passage of a megaflood from the western to the eastern Mediterranean Sea via a south-eastern Sicilian gateway. Our findings provide evidence for a large amplitude drawdown in the...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00485/59687/62765.pdf
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Fiber optic monitoring of active faults at the seafloor: I the FOCUS project ArchiMer
Gutscher, Marc-andre; Royer, Jean-yves; Graindorge, David; Murphy, Shane; Klingelhoefer, Frauke; Aiken, Chastity; Cattaneo, Antonio; Barreca, Giovanni; Quetel, Lionel; Riccobene, Giorgio; Petersen, Florian; Urlaub, Morelia; Krastel, Sebastian; Gross, Felix; Kopp, Heidrun; Margheriti, Lucia; Beranzoli, Laura.
Laser reflectometry (BOTDR), commonly used for structural health monitoring (bridges, dams, etc.), will for the first time be applied to study movements of an active fault on the seafloor 25 km offshore Catania Sicily. The goal of the European funded FOCUS project (ERC Advanced Grant) is to connect a 6-km long strain cable to the EMSO seafloor observatory in 2100 m water depth. Laser observations will be calibrated by seafloor geodetic instruments and seismological stations. A long-term goal is the development of dual-use telecom cables with industry partners.
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00493/60430/63872.pdf
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Geometry of the deep Calabrian subduction (Central Mediterranean Sea) from wide‐angle seismic data and 3‐D gravity modeling ArchiMer
Dellong, David; Klingelhoefer, Frauke; Dannowski, Anke; Kopp, Heidrun; Murphy, Shane; Graindorge, David; Margheriti, Lucia; Moretti, Milena; Barreca, Giovanni; Scarfì, Luciano; Polonia, Alina; Gutscher, Marc-andre.
The Calabrian subduction zone is one of the narrowest arcs on Earth and a key area to understand the geodynamic evolution of the Mediterranean and other marginal seas. Here in the Ionian Sea, the African plate subducts beneath Eurasia. Imaging the boundary between the downgoing slab and the upper plate along the Calabrian subduction zone is important for assessing the potential of the subduction zone to generate mega‐thrust earthquakes and was the main objective of this study. Here we present and analyze the results from a 380 km long, wide‐angle seismic profile spanning the complete subduction zone, from the deep Ionian Basin and the accretionary wedge to NE Sicily, with additional constraints offered by 3‐D Gravity modeling and the analysis of earthquake...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ionian Basin; Wide-angle seismic; Gravity; Crustal structure; Seismicity; Tomography.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00592/70442/68544.pdf
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Reply to Comment by A. Argnani on "Geometry of the Deep Calabrian Subduction from Wide‐Angle Seismic Data and 3‐D Gravity Modeling" ArchiMer
Dellong, David; Klingelhoefer, Frauke; Dannowski, Anke; Kopp, Heidrun; Murphy, Shane; Graindorge, David; Margheriti, Lucia; Moretti, Milena; Barreca, Giovanni; Scarfì, Luciano; Polonia, Alina; Gutscher, Marc-andre.
Andrea Argnani in his comment on Dellong et al., 2020 (Geometry of the deep Calabrian subduction (Central Mediterranean Sea) from wide‐angle seismic data and 3D gravity modeling), proposes an alternate interpretation of the wide‐angle seismic velocity models presented by Dellong et al., 2018 and Dellong et al., 2020 and proposes a correction of the literature citations in these paper. In this reply, we discuss in detail all points raised by Andrea Argnani.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Wide-angle seismic; Ionian basin; Gravity.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00640/75196/75326.pdf
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Tectonic expression of an active slab tear from high-resolution seismic and bathymetric data offshore Sicily (Ionian Sea) ArchiMer
Gutscher, Marc-andre; Dominguez, Stephane; Mercier De Lepinay, Bernard; Pinheiro, Luis; Gallais, Flora; Babonneau, Nathalie; Cattaneo, Antonio; Le Faou, Yann; Barreca, Giovanni; Micallef, Aaron; Rovere, Marzia.
Subduction of a narrow slab of oceanic lithosphere beneath a tightly curved orogenic arc requires the presence of at least one lithospheric scale tear fault. While the Calabrian subduction beneath southern Italy is considered to be the type example of this geodynamic setting, the geometry, kinematics and surface expression of the associated lateral, slab tear fault offshore eastern Sicily remain controversial. Results from a new marine geophysical survey conducted in the Ionian Sea, using high-resolution bathymetry and seismic profiling reveal active faulting at the seafloor within a 140 km long, two-branched fault system near Alfeo Seamount. The previously unidentified 60 km long NW trending North Alfeo Fault system shows primarily strike-slip kinematics...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Slab tear; Subduction; Mediterranean; Bathymetry; Seismics; Active faults.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00318/42924/42421.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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