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An outbreak of winter dysentery caused by bovine coronavirus in a high-production dairy cattle herd from a tropical country BABT
Takiuchi,Elisabete; Barry,Aline Fernandes; Alfieri,Alice Fernandes; Filippsen,Patrícia; Alfieri,Amauri Alcindo.
Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) is a known cause of winter dysentery (WD) in adult cattle. The morbidity of the disease is high, that results in a significant decrease in milk production and consequently, economic losses. In the present study, we report on a classical outbreak of WD that affected a high-production Holstein dairy herd raised in a tropical country. The lactating batch included 154 cows, and 138 (90%) presented diarrhea in a short (nine days) period of time. Three (2%) cows died. The other batches of animals did not become ill. The evolution of the disease in the herd, including the clinical signs and epidemiological features, strongly suggested a WD case. Semi-nested PCR and RFLP confirmed that BCoV was the cause of the infection. Samples tested...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cattle; Dairy herd; Winter dysentery; Diarrhea; Bovine coronavirus.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132009000700008
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Bovine coronavirus detection in a collection of diarrheic stool samples positive for group a bovine rotavirus BABT
Barry,Aline Fernandes; Alfieri,Alice Fernandes; Stipp,Danilo Tancler; Alfieri,Amauri Alcindo.
Neonatal diarrhea is an important cause of economic losses for cattle farmers. The main viral etiologies of enteric diseases are group A rotaviruses (GARV) and the bovine coronavirus (BCoV). Although both viruses infect calves of the same age, the occurrence of mixed infections is still under studied. The present study describes the co-infection of BCoV and GARV in stool samples. Forty-four diarrheic fecal samples from calves up to 60 days old that had previously tested positive for GARV by SS-PAGE were analyzed using semi-nested PCR for BCoV. A product with 251 bp of the BCoV nucleoprotein gene was amplified in 15.9% (7/44) of the samples, demonstrating that co-infection is not an unusual event. These results reinforce the need for testing for both GARV...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Calf; Diarrhea; BCoV; Rotavirus; SN-PCR; Co-infection.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132009000700006
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Frequency of group a rotavirus in piglet stool samples from non-vaccinated Brazilian pig herds BABT
Linares,Rita de Cássia; Barry,Aline Fernandes; Alfieri,Alice Fernandes; Médici,Kerlei Cristina; Feronato,César; Grieder,Wladimir; Alfieri,Amauri Alcindo.
Neonatal diarrhea is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in piglets, and it leads to significant economic losses for pig farmers worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of diagnosis, age group, and association of group A rotavirus (GARV) infection with diarrhea in piglets from pig herds in two (south and center-west)Brazilian geographical regions. The frequency of GARV diagnosis was evaluated between 2004 and 2007, using SS-PAGE on 681 fecal samples (428 diarrheic and 253 with normal consistency) from 1-4 week-old piglets. The animals were selected from 130 pig herds and 80 counties in the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, Mato Grosso do Sul, and Mato Grosso, Brazil. None of the herds were vaccinated...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Piglet; Neonatal diarrhea; Group A rotavirus; SS-PAGE.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132009000700009
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Isolation in HRT-18 cells and molecular analysis of a BCoV strain from diarrheic feces of naturally infected calves BABT
Stipp,Danilo Tancler; Barry,Aline Fernandes; Alfieri,Alice Fernandes; Bodnar,Lívia; Alfieri,Amauri Alcindo.
Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) may cause acute diarrhea in newborn calves, leading to significant economic losses for cattle farmers. There are several diagnostic techniques used to detect BCoV in calf fecal samples, but virus isolation still has advantages for antigenic and genomic characterization. This study describes the isolation in HRT-18 cells and molecular characterization of Brazilian BCoV wild-type strains. Three fecal samples from diarrheic 30 day-old calves were inoculated in HRT-18 cell monolayers, which were then evaluated for HA titers and tested using semi-nested PCR followed by RFLP and sequencing. Two samples were successfully isolated and presented HA titers of 16 and 32 units per 25 mL. The results were confirmed using semi-nested PCR and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cattle; Diarrhea; Bovine coronavirus; Cell culture; Molecular analyses.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132009000700007
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