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Registros recuperados: 38
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Adaptive farming systems – A position paper Inra
Darnhofer, I.; Bellon, S.; Dedieu, B.; Milestad, R.; IFSA, International Farming Systems Association (FLK).
In the last decades, there have been profound changes in the understanding of farmingsystems, in particular regarding their need for on-going adaptation to an ever-changing environment.Indeed, the rapid pace of change and its often unforeseeable direction requires farmers to keep theirfarms flexible and adaptive. We thus need to understand the attitudes, structures and activities thatbuild and sustain the ability of farmers and of farming communities to cope with change and to use theopportunities offered by change. The approach we propose is based on an understanding of theworkings of complex systems and entails another viewpoint on system properties, boundaries anddynamics. It focuses on ensuring sufficient room to manoeuvre, identifying transition...
Tipo: Conference Paper Palavras-chave: RESISTANCE; CAPACITE D'ADAPTATION; SYSTEME ADAPTIVE FARM MANAGEMENT; RESILIENCE; ADAPTIVE CAPACITY; EVOLUTIONARY APPROACH; DYNAMIC SYSTEMS COMPLEX.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20088ccad7bf&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
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Adaptiveness to enhance the sustainability of farming systems. A review Inra
Darnhofer, I.; Bellon, S.; Dedieu, B.; Milestad, R..
During the last decade the context in which farmers must manage their farm has changed rapidly, and often with little warning. Dramatic price swings for agricultural commodities, more stringent quality requirements, new environmental regulations, the debates surrounding genetically modified crops, extreme climatic events, the demand for energy crops, the revision of the Common Agricultural Policy and the consequences of the financial crisis all create uncertainty regarding future threats and potentials. During such turbulent times, a one-sided focus on efficient production is no longer enough. Farmers also need to be able to cope with unexpected events and to adapt to new developments. Based on a literature review, we identify three strategies that...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: QUALITE DES PRODUITS; SPECIALISATION ADAPTIVE FARM MANAGEMENT; ADAPTIVE CAPACITY; EVOLUTIONARY APPROACH; COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEMS.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20106acfc74f&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/04/
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Agriculture biologique et changement climatique : principales conclusions du colloque de Clermont-Ferrand (2008) Inra
Aubert, C; Bellon, S.; Benoit, M.; Capitaine, M; Seguin, B.; Warlop, F; Valleix, S.
Ce colloque a confirmé que l’agriculture biologique émet moins de gaz à effet de serre (GES) par unité de surface que l’agriculture conventionnelle, et que nos habitudes alimentaires ont un fort impact sur les facteurs intervenant sur le changement climatique. Il a par ailleurs apporté un éclairage nouveau et desinformations originales dans de nombreux domaines. En matière de mitigation des émissions de GES par l’agriculture biologique, les deux atouts principaux de cette dernière, tels qu’ils sont ressortis de ce colloque, sont la séquestration de carbone dans le sol et la non utilisation d’azote de synthèse. Des pistes d’amélioration des pratiques et des orientations de recherche sont identifiées.
Tipo: Conference Paper Palavras-chave: GAZ A EFFET DE SERRE; METHANE; SEQUESTRATION DE CARBONE; PROTOXYDE D'AZOTE CLIMATE CHANGE; GREENHOUSE GAS; CARBON STORAGE; ORGANIC FARMING; NITROGEN PROTOXYDE.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20096cd2069a&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
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Agriculture biologique: quels atouts pour nourrir l'humanité ? Inra
Bellon, S..
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave:  .
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2009618795e2&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
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Agroecology as a science, a movement and a practice. A review Inra
Wezel, A.; Bellon, S.; Doré, T.; Francis, C.; Vallod, D.; David, C..
Agroecology involves various approaches to solve actual challenges of agricultural production. Though agroecology initially dealt primarily with crop production and protection aspects, in recent decades new dimensions such as environmental, social, economic, ethical and development issues are becoming relevant. Today, the term `agroecology' means either a scientific discipline, agricultural practice, or political or social movement. Here we study the different meanings of agroecology. For that we analyse the historical development of agroecology. We present examples from USA, Brazil, Germany, and France. We study and discuss the evolution of different meanings agroecology. The use of the term agroecology can be traced back to the 1930s. Until the 1960s...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: SYSTEME ALIMENTAIRE; AGROECOLOGIE; DISCIPLINE SCIENTIFIQUE FOOD SYSTEM; RURAL DEVELOPMENT; SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINE; SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE; BRAZIL; GERMANY.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2009ce371bd6&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/06/
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Analyse de la diffusion spatiale de l’agriculture biologique en région Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur (Paca) : construction d’une méthodologie d’observation et de prospective Inra
Geniaux, G.; Lambert, M.; Bellon, S..
L’analyse de la diffusion de l’agriculture et de ses déterminants constitue un enjeu important pour la construction de scénarii d’évolution de l’AB qui prennent en compte l’ensemble des facteurs limitant ou facilitant les conversions et leur durabilité. Afin d’étayer différents scénarii de développement de l’AB face à des enjeux environnementaux ou marchands, une étude en économétrie et géostatistique a été initiée en région PACA. La démarche comporte 3 étapes : une première étape consiste à constituer, sur une période d’une vingtaine d’années, une base de données spatiales longitudinales sur les producteurs et les distributeurs de produits certifiés en AB. Cette base de données est géo-référencée à l’échelle parcellaire. Il s’agit ensuite d’analyser...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: ANALYSE GEOSTATISTIQUE; GEOREFERENCEMENT ORGANIC FARMING DEVELOPMENT; SCENARIO BUILDING; GEOSTATISTICAL ANALYSIS; GEOREFERENCING OF FARMS; INDICATORS.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2010ef3c500b&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/01/
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Analyse des formes de transition vers des agricultures plus écologiques : les cas de l’agriculture biologique et de la protection intégrée Inra
Lamine, C.; Meynard, J.M.; Perrot, N.; Bellon, S..
Les approches interdisciplinaires développées sur la conversion à l’Agriculture Biologique (AB) montrent que les types de trajectoires de conversion se différencient en fonction de la progressivité des changements en matière de protection des cultures, dans un cadre plus général où se transforment les relations à d’autres "objets" - le sol, les productions, les rotations, l’organisation du travail, la commercialisation, les réseaux sociaux, les apprentissages. Dans le cas de la production intégrée, l’ampleur des changements dépend du degré de recomposition des pratiques agronomiques. Cette transition suppose des apprentissages importants, qui reposent à la fois sur l’accompagnement par des conseillers et sur les dynamiques collectives se construisant au...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: CONVERSION; PARADIGME; TRAJECTOIRE; TRANSITION ; FILIERE; COMMERCIALISATION; RESEAUX SOCIAUX; INTRANT AGRICOLE; CULTURE LEGUMIERE ORGANIC FARMING; INTEGRATED CROP PROTECTION; TRAJECTORIES; PARADIGMS.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20103fccd17f&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/04/
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Back to the future: long-term trajectories in organic farms in the south of France Inra
Bellon, S.; Poudou, S.; SAUTEREAU, N..
Tipo: Conference Paper Palavras-chave: ORGANIC FARMING; CONVENTIONALISATION.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2009c104845f&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
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Brazilian multifaceted ecologically-based agriculture: between conventionalization and agroecological principles application Inra
S de Abreu, L.; Bellon, S.; de C. F. Alencar, M..
Tipo: Conference Paper Palavras-chave: CONVENTIONALISATION ORGANIC FARMING; ORGANIC AGRICULTURE; AGROECOLOGY; PERMACULTURE; BIODYNAMIC AGRICULTURE.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20098f956812&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
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Construction of prices for organic products enhancing farmers’ profiles diversity in the South East of France Organic Eprints
Lauvie, P.; Bellon, S..
The Provence-Côte d’Azur region is a French leader for organic farming, both in term of bulk production and number of farmers. This study aims at identifying organic farmers’ profiles diversity within the region and at creating a framework in order to understand the construction of prices for organic food. Targeting technical, economical and marketing channel choices issues, elaboration of prices for organic commodities is studied through 20 interviews, where farmers’ values were also considered. As results, first enhancement of the organic products is highly correlated to the natural and logistic resources. Moreover, most organic farmers have elaborated innovative marketing channels in order to cope with the local supply and demand. Indeed, a large number...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farm economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/12593/1/Lauvie_12593_ed.doc
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Conventionalisation? Organic farmers bite back Inra
Blanc, J.; Darnhofer, I.; Bellon, S..
Tipo: Conference Paper Palavras-chave: CONTRACTUALISATION RURAL DEVELOPMENT; CONVENTIONALISATION; ORGANIC FARMING; FARMERS PRACTICES.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2009150f181c&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
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Conversion to organic farming: a multidimensional research object at the crossroads of agricultural and social sciences. A review Inra
Lamine, C.; Bellon, S..
Literature on the conversion from intensive to organic farming is scarce. However, both the conversion of farmers to organic farming and of consumers to organic food are the driving forces for the development of the organic sector. In this review, we combine agricultural and social scientists' viewpoints for a critical appraisal of literature on conversion to organic food and farming. First, a brief historical retrospective enables us to refer the scientific production to the institutional and economic context over the past decades. Secondly, we review the methods used to analyse conversion in agricultural and social sciences, and show that emphasis is most often laid upon the effects of conversion and the motivations to convert, on the basis of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: STRATEGIE DE MARCHE; SOCIOLOGIE ENVIRONNEMENTALE; QUALITE DES PRODUITS; ALIMENTATION HUMAINE ORGANIC FOOD; ORGANIC FARMING; CONVERSION; TRANSITION; CONVENTIONALISATION THESIS; INTERDISCIPLINARITY; REDESIGN.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD200938c1936&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/06/
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Conversion to organic horticulture: a multidimensional issue and an example for transitions towards sustainability Inra
Bellon, S.; Bressoud, F.; Fauriel, J.; Jonis, M.; Lamine, C.; Navarrete, M..
La conversion à l’agriculture biologique est souvent considérée comme une période de transition délicate. Nous montrons que cette conversion dure plus longtemps que la période administrative de deux ans, et qu’elle doit être analysée au regard des trajectoires des exploitations et des agriculteurs sur un pas de temps long. Ces trajectoires sont multi-dimensionnelles, elles intègrent les évolutions dans la production, la commercialisation, les réseaux sociaux, l’apprentissage technique. Ainsi, des évolutions des systèmes de production et notamment des espèces cultivées conduit à ajuster les mode de commercialisation des produits agricoles. Enfin, étudiant des modes d’organisation comme les AMAP basées sur de fortes interactions entre producteurs et...
Tipo: Conference Paper Palavras-chave: ORGANIC AGRICULTURE ; SUSTAINABILITY ; TRANSITION ; FRUIT PRODUCTION ; MARKET-GARDENING .
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20095026ec92&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
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Converting to organic horticulture as socio-technical trajectories Inra
Bellon, S.; Perrot, N.; Navarrete, M.; Fauriel, J.; Lamine, C..
Tipo: Conference Paper Palavras-chave: ORGANIC FARMING; SOCIAL SCIENCES; MARKETING.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2007b85d44bb&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
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Crop diversity indicators: literature review and applications at farm level Inra
Geniaux, G.; Bellon, S.; Fleury, J.; Ollivier, G..
Tipo: Conference Paper Palavras-chave: CROP DIVERSIFICATION; GIS; SUSTAINABILITY; AGROECOSYSTEM; SCALING.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20096a72337&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
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De nouveaux desseins pour des agricultures ? Le risque climatique-les enjeux du sommet de Copenhague. Quels enjeux et responsabilités pour l'agriculture de demain ? Diaporama Inra
Bellon, S..
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave:  .
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2009c688f914&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
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Eco-design and co-design : application to fruit production in Europe Inra
Bellon, S.; Fauriel, J.; Hemptine, J.L.; Jamar, L.; Lauri, P.E.; Lateur, M.; Libourel, G.; Simon, S..
Tipo: Conference Paper Palavras-chave: FRUIT QUALITY; INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT; BIOLOGICAL CONTROL; ORGANIC FARMING; SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20097b688ad7&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
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Editorial Inra
Bellon, S.; Penvern, S..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: CONVENTIONALISATION.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20102089e1dc&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/04/
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Enjeux du développement de l'agriculture biologique Inra
Bellon, S..
Tipo: Conference Paper Palavras-chave: ECONOMIE D'ENERGIE; CIRCUIT DE COMMERCIALISATION.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2009303e8dc0&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
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Facing the organic reality : the diversity of development models and their consequences on research policies Inra
Sylvander, B.; Bellon, S.; Benoit, M..
While OF&F specificity or diversity are acknowledged in many studies, the process of selecting development models is still a pending issue. Based on literature review and our experience, we propose a comprehensive description of such models. Two main axes determine four models. The first axis refers to governance patterns, whether individual or collective. The second one opposes means-based OF to system redesign. Four models are then described, and potential transitions among them are discussed. The role and nature of public policies likely to support candidate models is finally examined. On this basis, this paper intends to openly lay down the stakes of a public research policy for OF&F. As the current poli-cies generally consider implicitly...
Tipo: Conference Paper Palavras-chave:  .
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD201022ee30d6&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/01/
Registros recuperados: 38
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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