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Registros recuperados: 7
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Aphotic N2 fixation along an oligotrophic to ultraoligotrophic transect in the Western Tropical South Pacific Ocean 5
Benavides, Mar; Shoemaker, Katyanne M.; Moisander, Pia H.; Niggemann, Jutta; Dittmar, Thorsten; Duhamel, Solange; Grosso, Olivier; Pujo-pay, Mireille; Hélias-nunige, Sandra; Bonnet, Sophie.
The western tropical South Pacific (WTSP) Ocean has been recognized as a global hotspot of dinitrogen (N2) fixation. Here, as in other marine environments across the oceans, N2 fixation studies have focused in the sunlit layer. However, studies have confirmed the importance of aphotic N2 fixation activity, although until now only one had been performed in the WTSP. In order to increase our knowledge of aphotic N2 fixation in the WTSP, here we measure N2 fixation rates and identify diazotrophic phylotypes in the mesopelagic layer along a transect spanning from New Caledonia to French Polynesia. Because non-cyanobacterial diazotrophs presumably need external dissolved organic matter (DOM) sources for their nutrition, we also identified DOM compounds using...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00420/53118/54070.pdf
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Diazotrophs: a non-negligible source of nitrogen for the tropical coral Stylophora pistillata 5
Benavides, Mar; Houlbreque, Fanny; Camps, Mercedes; Lorrain, Anne; Grosso, Olivier; Bonnet, Sophie.
Corals aremixotrophs: they are able to fix inorganic carbon through the activity of their symbiotic dinoflagellates and to gain nitrogen from predation on plankton and uptake of dissolved organic and inorganic nutrients. They also live in close association with diverse diazotrophic communities, inhabiting their skeleton, tissue and mucus layer, which are able to fix dinitrogen (N-2). The quantity of fixed N-2 transferred to the corals and its distribution within coral compartments as well as the quantity of nitrogen assimilated through the ingestion of planktonic diazotrophs are still unknown. Here, we quantified nitrogen assimilation via (i) N-2 fixation by symbiont diazotrophs, (ii) ingestion of cultured unicellular diazotrophs and (iii) ingestion of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Scleractinian corals; Heterotrophic nutrition; Cyanothece; N-2 fixation; New Caledonia.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00356/46678/72967.pdf
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Excess nitrogen as a marker of intense dinitrogen fixation in the Western Tropical South Pacific Ocean: impact on the thermocline waters of the South Pacific 5
Fumenia, Alain; Moutin, Thierry; Bonnet, Sophie; Benavides, Mar; Petrenko, Anne; Helias Nunige, Sandra; Maes, Christophe.
As part of the Oligotrophy to UlTra-oligotrophy PACific Experiment cruise, which took place in the Western Tropical South Pacific during the austral summer (March–April 2015), we present data on nitrate, phosphate and on particulate and dissolved organic matter. The stoichiometric nitrogen-to-phosphorus ratios of the inorganic and organic material and the tracer N* are described. N* allows to trace changes in the proportion of fixed nitrogen due to diazotrophy and/or denitrification. Our results showed that the Melanesian archipelago waters between 160° E and 170° W are characterized by a deficit of nitrate and phosphate in the productive layer, significant dinitrogen fixation rates and an excess of particulate organic nitrogen compared to the canonical...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00422/53383/54232.pdf
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In-depth characterization of diazotroph activity across the western tropical South Pacific hotspot of N2 fixation (OUTPACE cruise) 5
Bonnet, Sophie; Caffin, Mathieu; Berthelot, Hugo; Grosso, Olivier; Benavides, Mar; Helias-nunige, Sandra; Guieu, Cecile; Stenegren, Marcus; Foster, Rachel Ann.
Here we report N2 fixation rates from a  ∼ 4000km transect in the western and central tropical South Pacific, a particularly undersampled region in the world ocean. Water samples were collected in the euphotic layer along a west to east transect from 160°E to 160°W that covered contrasting trophic regimes, from oligotrophy in the Melanesian archipelago (MA) waters to ultra-oligotrophy in the South Pacific Gyre (GY) waters. N2 fixation was detected at all 17 sampled stations with an average depth-integrated rate of 631±286µmol N m−2 d−1 (range 196–1153µmol N m−2 d−1) in MA waters and of 85±79µmol N m−2 d−1 (range 18–172µmol N m−2 d−1) in GY waters. Two cyanobacteria, the larger colonial filamentous Trichodesmium and the smaller UCYN-B, dominated the...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00419/53049/53987.pdf
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Seasonal Shifts in Diazotrophs Players: Patterns Observed Over a Two-Year Time Series in the New Caledonian Lagoon (Western Tropical South Pacific Ocean) 5
Saulia, Emmrick; Benavides, Mar; Henke, Britt; Turk-kubo, Kendra; Cooperguard, Haley; Grosso, Olivier; Desnues, Anne; Rodier, Martine; Dupouy, Cécile; Riemann, Lasse; Bonnet, Sophie.
Coastal and open ocean regions of the Western Tropical South Pacific ocean have been identified as a hotspot of N2 fixation. However, the environmental factors driving the temporal variability of abundance, composition, and activity of diazotrophs are still poorly understood, especially during the winter season. To address this, we quantified N2 fixation rates and the abundance of seven diazotroph phylotypes (UCYN-A1 symbiosis, UCYN-B, UCYN-C, Trichodesmium, Het-1, Het-2, and Het-3) on a monthly basis during two full years (2012 to 2014) at four stations along a coast to open ocean transect in the New Caledonian lagoon. The total nifH gene concentration (sum of all nifH gene copies) clearly decreased from the barrier reef to the shore. Apart from UCYN-B,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: N-2 fixation; Diazotrophs; NifH; Abundance; New Caledonia.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00658/77027/78307.pdf
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The composition and distribution of semi-labile dissolved organic matter across the southwest Pacific 5
Panagiotopoulos, Christos; Pujo Pay, Mireille; Benavides, Mar; Van Wambeke, France; Sempéré, Richard.
The distribution and dynamics of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved combined neutral sugars (DCNS) were studied across an increasing oligotrophic gradient (−18 to −22°N latitude) spanning from the Melanesian Archipelago (MA) area to the western part of the south Pacific gyre (WGY), in austral summer, as a part of the OUTPACE project. Our results showed DOC and DCNS concentrations exhibited little differences among the MA and WGY areas (0–200m: 55–78µMC for DOC and 1.5–2µMC for DCNS), however, a deeper penetration of DOC was noticeable at 150m depth at the WGY area. This finding was also reflected to the DOC and semi-labile DOC (DOCSL) stocks values (integration 0–200m) for which we found higher values in the WGY than the MA area. The high excess...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00448/56008/57517.pdf
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The Solomon Sea: its circulation, chemistry, geochemistry and biology explored during two oceanographic cruises 5
Ganachaud, Alexandre; Cravatte, Sophie; Sprintall, Janet; Germineaud, Cyril; Alberty, Marion; Jeandel, Catherine; Eldin, Gerard; Metzl, Nicolas; Bonnet, Sophie; Benavides, Mar; Heimburger, Lars-eric; Lefevre, Jerome; Michael, Susanna; Resing, Joseph; Queroue, Fabien; Sarthou, Geraldine; Rodier, Martine; Berthelot, Hugo; Baurand, Francois; Grelet, Jacques; Hasegawa, Takuya; Kessler, William; Kilepak, Moyep; Lacan, Francois; Privat, Emilien; Send, Uwe; Van Beek, Pieter; Souhaut, Marc; Sonke, Jeroen E..
The semi-enclosed Solomon Sea in the southwestern tropical Pacific is on the pathway of a major oceanic circuit connecting the subtropics to the equator via energetic western boundary currents. Waters transiting through this area replenish the Pacific Warm Pool and ultimately feed the equatorial current system, in particular the equatorial undercurrent. In addition to dynamical transformations, water masses undergo nutrient and micronutrient enrichment when coming in contact with the coasts, impacting the productivity of the downstream equatorial region. Broadscale observing systems are not well suited for describing the fine-scale currents and water masses properties in the Solomon Sea, leaving it relatively unexplored. Two multidisciplinary oceanographic...
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Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00390/50185/50808.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
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