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Child Undernutrition, Household Poverty and National Income in Developing Countries: Quantile Regression Results AgEcon
Block, Steven A.; Masters, William A.; Bhagowalia, Priya.
The eradication of child undernutrition and extreme poverty are important objectives for most societies. Countries with higher national incomes usually improve in both dimensions, but not always at the same rate. Using quantile regression, we show that poverty rates tend to decline with increased income at a roughly constant elasticity. In contrast, while the prevalence of child underweight declines at that same elasticity where it is most widespread, the elasticity becomes smaller as underweight becomes less prevalent. This finding suggests a need for increasingly targeted interventions to achieve a given reduction in undernutrition as its prevalence declines.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Global poverty; Millennium development goals; Underweight; Weight-for-height; Income elasticity of bodyweight; Income elasticity of poverty; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61323
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EFFECTS AND DETERMINANTS OF MILD UNDERWEIGHT AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN ACROSS COUNTRIES AND OVER TIME AgEcon
Bhagowalia, Priya; Chen, Susan E.; Masters, William J..
Research on malnutrition typically focuses on severe cases, where anthropometric status falls below or above an extreme threshold. Such categorization is necessary for clinicians since mild cases may not justify intervention, but researchers could find that changes in mild malnutrition convey valuable information about mortality risk and health status. This paper focuses on changes in both mild and severe underweight in young children, as measured by 130 DHS surveys for 53 countries over a period from 1986 to 2007. We find that counting variance in all forms of underweight provides closer correlations with aggregate health outcomes (the under-five child mortality rate), and is more closely correlated to several influences of malnutrition (national income,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Underweight; Weight-for-height; Wasting; Child mortality; FGT measures; DHS data; Health Economics and Policy; I12; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54312
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INPUT CHOICES IN AGRICULTURE: IS THERE A GENDER BIAS? AgEcon
Bhagowalia, Priya; Chen, Susan E.; Shively, Gerald E..
Most developing countries strive to improve agricultural productivity by relaxing credit constraints, supplying better inputs, and improving marketing and distribution. However the efficacy of these reforms needs to be examined in the context of the behavioral responses of farming households. This study examines gender biases within households that affect short-term decisions with immediate and long-term implications. This study utilizes data from ICRISAT's village level studies in India (1975-85) to highlight the effects of child gender on the use of agricultural inputs. The main finding is that households with boys tend to use purchased inputs such as fertilizers and insecticides more intensively compared with households with girls. In general, household...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender bias; Agricultural economics; Inputs; Village level studies; Son; Labor and Human Capital; J16; Q12.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7328
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Nutritional status and access to clean fuels: Evidence from South Asia AgEcon
Bhagowalia, Priya; Gupta, Parul.
Indoor air pollution due to solid fuels is among the ten most important risk factors in global burden of disease leading to respiratory diseases, anaemia, blindness and other disorders. This study examines the correlations between fuel choice and the nutritional status of children. We also explore if factors such as income, kitchen location and education play any role in conditioning fuel choice. Our results suggest that the choice and use of fuel has long lasting effects on the growth and health of children. It is also associated with a higher frequency of respiratory disorders. We find that agricultural households predominantly use unclean fuels.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Malnutrition; Stunting; Indoor air pollution; Fuel choice; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; International Development.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103728
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Short Term Investment in Agriculture: Is there a Gender Bias? AgEcon
Bhagowalia, Priya; Chen, Susan E.; Shively, Gerald E..
Most developing countries strive to improve agricultural productivity by relaxing credit constraints, supplying better inputs, improving marketing and distribution. However the efficacy of these reforms needs to be examined in the context of the behavioral responses of farming households. This study examines gender biases within households that affect short-term investments in agriculture. The study utilizes data from ICRISAT’s village level studies in India (1975-85) to highlight the effects of child gender on the use of agricultural inputs. The main finding is that households with boys tend to use purchased inputs such as fertilizers and insecticides more intensively compared with households with girls. In general, household with boys also tend to have...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9771
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The Distribution Of Child Nutritional Status Across Countries And Over Time AgEcon
Bhagowalia, Priya; Chen, Susan E.; Masters, William A..
Malnutrition is manifested in various degrees of both underweight and overweight, with large differences and rapid changes in their prevalence and severity. This paper introduces a new approach to characterizing the distribution of a population’s nutritional status, to help analyze changes in that distribution over time and across countries. Our method draws on the poverty literature to construct Foster-Greer-Thorbecke measures for the incidence and severity of under- and overweight, based on deviations in either direction from the median of a healthy population. We apply this median-based measure to the nutritional status of over 400,000 preschool children, as measured in 130 DHS surveys covering 53 countries over a period from 1986 to 2006. Unlike...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6167
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THE DISTRIBUTION OF CHILD NUTRITIONAL STATUS ACROSS COUNTRIES AND OVER TIME AgEcon
Bhagowalia, Priya; Chen, Susan E.; Masters, William A..
Malnutrition is manifested in various degrees of both underweight and overweight, with large differences and rapid changes in their prevalence and severity. This paper introduces a new approach to characterizing the distribution of a population’s nutritional status, to help analyze changes in that distribution over time and across countries. Our method draws on the poverty literature to construct Foster-Greer-Thorbecke measures for the incidence and severity of under and overweight, based on deviations in either direction from the median of a healthy population. We apply this median-based measure to the nutritional status of over 400,000 preschool children, as measured in 130 DHS surveys covering 53 countries over a period from 1986 to 2006. Unlike...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Underweight; Overweight; Malnutrition; Poverty; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; I12; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6147
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Unpacking the Links Between Women's Empowerment and Child Nutrition Evidence Using Nationally Representative Data From Bangladesh AgEcon
Bhagowalia, Priya; Menon, Purnima; Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Soundararajan, Vidhya.
This paper examines the relationship between gender inequality and nutrition using direct indicators of empowerment such as mobility, decision-making power, and attitudes towards verbal and physical abuse. Our approach draws on the theory of the household as a utility maximizing unit that uses women’s status and characteristics as inputs to produce a final good, child health. Indices that capture distinct dimensions of women’s empowerment are used as explanatory variables along with controls for age and sex of the child, maternal height and education. Results from Logit models indicate that a greater degree of women’s empowerment is associated with better long term nutritional status of children. Attitudes towards domestic violence have a significant...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Malnutrition; Gender; Domestic violence; Empowerment; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61273
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